Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy



Supplemental Meteorological Stations for CACTI

1 October 2018 - 30 April 2019

Lead Scientist: Adam Varble

Observatory: amf, cor

DOE ARM CACTI field campaign objectives include measuring the sensitivity of cloud properties to environmental conditions, with one focus being the initiation and organization of deep convective storms. This campaign supplements CACTI by improving characterization of environmental conditions near cloud base at higher elevations. Two solar-powered Vaisala WXT520 meteorological stations owned by ARM will be deployed for the entirety of the CACTI field campaign to measure barometric pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation. The primary goals of deploying these stations are to: - measure thermodynamic and kinematic properties of air entering the cloud bases, - estimate convective instability and convergence at or near initial cloud locations to the west of the CACTI AMF1 site, - measure the impacts of clouds and precipitation on boundary layer thermodynamic and kinematic conditions that impact subsequent cloud evolution in the area, and - detect when precipitation is occurring, a process that strongly impacts cloud evolution being measured by the scanning radars and stereo cameras deployed for CACTI.


Steve Nesbitt


  • Parent Campaign
  • Sibling Campaign


Goss HB, KS Dorsey, CB Ireland, MR Wasem, RA Stafford, and R Jundt. 2020. 2019 Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Annual Report. Ed. by Kathryn Dorsey, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-19-032. 10.2172/1604869.

Cancelada M, P Salio, D Vila, S Nesbitt, and L Vidal. 2020. "Backward Adaptive Brightness Temperature Threshold Technique (BAB3T): A Methodology to Determine Extreme Convective Initiation Regions Using Satellite Infrared Imagery." Remote Sensing, 12(2), 10.3390/rs12020337.

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COR Data Sources

Name Full Name Browse Data
2DS-AIR 2 Dimensional Stereo Probe aboard aircraft Browse Data
AAFMERGED ARM Aerial Facility (AAF) Merged VAP for Historical AAF G1 Field Campaigns Browse Data
ACSM Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor Browse Data
ACSMCDCE ACSM, corrected for composition-dependent collection efficiency Browse Data
AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Browse Data
AERINF AERI Noise Filtered Browse Data
AERIOE AERIoe Thermodynamic Profile and Cloud Retrieval Browse Data
AETH Aethalometer Browse Data
AOD-MFRSR Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) derived from MFRSR measurements Browse Data
AOP Aerosol Optical Properties Browse Data
AOS Aerosol Observing System Browse Data
AOSMET Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System Browse Data
APS Aerodynamic Particle Sizer Browse Data
ARMBE ARM Best Estimate Data Products Browse Data
ASDBE-AIR Aerosol Size Distribution Best Estimate from sensors aboard aircraft Browse Data
CAM-AIR Video camera aboard aircraft Browse Data
CAS-AIR Cloud and Aerosol Spectrometer aboard aircraft Browse Data
CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Browse Data
CCN-AIR Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter aboard Aircraft Browse Data
CCNKAPPA CCN Counter derived hygroscopicity parameter kappa Browse Data
CEIL Ceilometer Browse Data
CEILPBLHT Boundary-layer height data with CEIL Browse Data
CIP-AIR Cloud Imaging Probe aboard aircraft Browse Data
CLDTYPE Cloud Type Classification Browse Data
CMAC2 Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates, Version 2 Browse Data
CMH-AIR Chilled Mirror Hygrometer aboard aircraft Browse Data
CO-AIR Carbon Monoxide- Airborne Browse Data
CO-ANALYZER Carbon Monoxide Analyzer Browse Data
CPC Condensation Particle Counter Browse Data
CPC-AIR Condensation particle counter aboard aircraft Browse Data
CSAPR C-Band Scanning ARM Precipitation Radar Browse Data
CSPHOT Sunphotometer Browse Data
DL Doppler Lidar Browse Data
DLPROF-WIND Doppler Lidar Horizontal Wind Profiles Browse Data
DLPROF-WSTATS Doppler Lidar Wind Statistics Profiles Browse Data
ECOR Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System Browse Data
FCDP-AIR Fast Cloud Droplet Probe aboard aircraft Browse Data
GNDRAD Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation Browse Data
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Browse Data
GUSTPROBE-AIR Gust Probe aboard aircraft Browse Data
HK-AIR House Keeping Instruments aboard Aircraft Browse Data
HVPS-AIR High Volume Precipitation Spectrometer aboard aircraft Browse Data
INLETCVI-AIR Inlet for Counterflow Virtual Impactor aboard aircraft Browse Data
INLETISOK-AIR Isokinetic Inlet aboard aircraft Browse Data
INTERPSONDE Interpolated Sonde Browse Data
IRT Infrared Thermometer Browse Data
KASACR Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar Browse Data
KASACRGRIDRHI Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar RHI scan, Cartesian Cloud Cover Grid VAP Browse Data
KAZR Ka ARM Zenith Radar Browse Data
KAZRARSCL Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product using Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars Browse Data
KAZRCFRCOR Ka-Band ARM Zenith RADAR (KAZR) CF-Radial, Corrected VAP Browse Data
LDIS Laser Disdrometer Browse Data
MAWS Automatic Weather Station Browse Data
MERGED-COMMON Merged data- common timestamp Browse Data
MET Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Browse Data
MET-AIR Meteorological Instrumentation aboard Aircraft Browse Data
METWXT WXT520/530 Meteorological Instrument System Browse Data
MFR Multifilter Radiometer Browse Data
MFRSR Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Browse Data
MFRSRCLDOD Cloud Optical Properties from MFRSR Using Min Algorithm Browse Data
MPL Micropulse Lidar Browse Data
MPLCMASK Cloud mask from Micropulse Lidar Browse Data
MPLCMASKML Micropulse Lidar Cloud Mask Machine Learning VAP Browse Data
MWR Microwave Radiometer Browse Data
MWRHF Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency Browse Data
MWRP Microwave Radiometer Profiler Browse Data
MWRRET MWR Retrievals Browse Data
NAV-AIR Navigational Location, Motion, and Attitude for Airborne Platforms Browse Data
NAVMET-AIR Navigation and Met Data from multiple sensors on airborne platform Browse Data
NEPHELOMETER Nephelometer Browse Data
NEPHELOMETER-AIR 3-Wavelength integrating nephelometer aboard aircraft Browse Data
NFOV Narrow Field of View Zenith Radiometer Browse Data
OZONE Ozone Monitor Browse Data
OZONE-AIR Ozone Monitor aboard Aircraft Browse Data
PBLHT Planetary Boundary Layer Height Browse Data
PCASP-AIR Passive cavity aerosol spectrometer aboard aircraft Browse Data
PSAP Particle Soot Absorption Photometer Browse Data
PSAP-AIR Particle soot absorption photometer aboard aircraft Browse Data
QCECOR Quality Controlled Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement Browse Data
QCRAD Data Quality Assessment for ARM Radiation Data Browse Data
RADFLUXANAL Radiative Flux Analysis Browse Data
RAIN Rain Gauge Browse Data
RWP Radar Wind Profiler Browse Data
SASHE Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric Browse Data
SASZE Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Zenith Browse Data
SEBS Surface Energy Balance System Browse Data
SKYRAD Sky Radiometers on Stand for Downwelling Radiation Browse Data
SMPS Scanning mobility particle sizer Browse Data
SMPS-AIR Scanning mobility particle sizer aboard aircraft Browse Data
SO2-AIR Sulfur Dioxide Monitor aboard Aircraft Browse Data
SODAR Mini Sound Detection and Ranging Browse Data
SONDE Balloon-Borne Sounding System Browse Data
SONDEGRID Gridded Sonde VAP Product Browse Data
SP2-AIR Single Particle Soot Photometer aboard aircraft Browse Data
STEREOCAM Stereo Cameras for Clouds Browse Data
THERMOCLOUDPHASE Thermodynamic cloud phase Browse Data
TSI Total Sky Imager Browse Data
UHSAS Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer Browse Data
VARANAL Constrained Variational Analysis Browse Data
VDIS Video Disdrometer Browse Data
VDISQUANTS Video Disdrometer VAP Browse Data
VISST Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm Browse Data
WB Weighing Bucket Precipitation Gauge Browse Data
WCM-AIR Water content meter aboard aircraft Browse Data
XSACR X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar Browse Data
XSACRGRIDRHI X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar RHI scan, Cartesian Cloud Cover VAP Browse Data