met: Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

The ARM Surface Meteorology Systems (MET) use mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and rain-rate.

Sensors may be added to or removed from the base set depending upon the deployment location, climate regime, or programmatic needs. Sensor types may also change depending upon the climate regime of the deployment.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Johnson R and P Ciesielski. 2020. "Potential Vorticity Generation by West African Squall Lines." Monthly Weather Review, , 10.1175/MWR-D-19-0342.1. ONLINE.

Lawler M, D Draper, and J Smith. 2020. "Atmospheric fungal nanoparticle bursts." Science Advances, 6(3), 10.1126/sciadv.aax9051.
Research Highlight

Gustafson W, A Vogelmann, Z Li, X Cheng, K Dumas, S Endo, K Johnson, B Krishna, T Toto, and H Xiao. 2020. "The Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Symbiotic Simulation and Observation (LASSO) Activity for Continental Shallow Convection." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, , 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0065.1. ONLINE.


Zhou X and C Bretherton. 2019. "The Correlation of Mesoscale Humidity Anomalies with Mesoscale Organization of Marine Stratocumulus from Observations over the ARM Eastern North Atlantic Site." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(24), 10.1029/2019JD031056.

Borque P, S Nesbitt, R Trapp, S Lasher-Trapp, and M Oue. 2019. "Observational study of the thermodynamics and morphological characteristics of a midlatitude continental cold pool event." Monthly Weather Review, 148(2), 10.1175/MWR-D-19-0068.1.

Yang Z, Y Qian, Y Liu, L Berg, H Hu, F Dominguez, B Yang, Z Feng, W Gustafson, M Huang, and Q Tang. 2019. "Irrigation Impact on Water and Energy Cycle during Dry Years over the United States Using Convection‐Permitting WRF and a Dynamical Recycling Model." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(21), 10.1029/2019JD030524.

Hines K, D Bromwich, S Wang, I Silber, J Verlinde, and D Lubin. 2019. "Microphysics of summer clouds in central West Antarctica simulated by the Polar Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) and the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(19), 10.5194/acp-19-12431-2019.

Lim K, L Riihimaki, Y Shi, D Flynn, J Kleiss, L Berg, W Gustafson, Y Zhang, and K Johnson. 2019. "Long-term retrievals of cloud type and fair-weather shallow cumulus events at the ARM SGP site." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 36(10), 10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0215.1.

Cox CJ, RS Stone, DC Douglas, DM Stanitski, and MR Gallagher. 2019. "The Aleutian Low‐Beaufort Sea Anticyclone: A Climate Index Correlated With the Timing of Springtime Melt in the Pacific Arctic Cryosphere." Geophysical Research Letters, 46(13), 10.1029/2019GL083306.
Research Highlight

Liu J and Z Li. 2019. "Aerosol properties and their influences on low warm clouds during the Two-Column Aerosol Project." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(14), 10.5194/acp-19-9515-2019.

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