met: Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

The ARM Surface Meteorology Systems (MET) use mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and rain-rate.

Sensors may be added to or removed from the base set depending upon the deployment location, climate regime, or programmatic needs. Sensor types may also change depending upon the climate regime of the deployment.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications


Kyrouac J and A Theisen. 2018. Biases of the MET Temperature and Relative Humidity Sensor (HMP45) Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-192.


Maahn M, G de Boer, J Creamean, G Feingold, G McFarquhar, W Wu, and F Mei. 2017. "The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(23), doi:10.5194/acp-17-14709-2017.

Zhu W, A Lv, S Jia, and L Sun. 2017. "Development and evaluation of the MTVDI for soil moisture monitoring." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(11), 10.1002/2017JD026607.

Nicolas J, A Vogelmann, R Scott, A Wilson, M Cadeddu, D Bromwich, J Verlinde, D Lubin, L Russell, C Jenkinson, H Powers, M Ryczek, G Stone, and J Wille. 2017. "January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favoured by strong El Nino." Nature Communications, 8, 15799, doi:10.1038/ncomms15799.


Kalesse H, G DeBoer, A Solomon, M Oue, M Ahlgrimm, D Zhang, M Shupe, E Luke, and A Protat. 2016. "Understanding Rapid Changes in Phase Partitioning between Cloud Liquid and Ice in Stratiform Mixed-Phase Clouds: An Arctic Case Study." Monthly Weather Review, 144(12), 10.1175/mwr-d-16-0155.1. ONLINE.

Goss H. 2016. Measurements of Aerosols, Radiation, and Clouds over the Southern Ocean (MARCUS) Backgrounder. Ed. by Rolanda Jundt, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-055.

Kyrouac J. 2016. Aerosol Observing System Surface Meteorology Instrument Handbook. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE/SC-ARM-TR-184. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-184.

Wang Y, B Geerts, and Y Chen. 2016. "Vertical structure of boundary layer convection during cold-air outbreaks at Barrow, Alaska." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(1), 10.1002/2015jd023506.


Roeder L. 2015. ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment (AWARE) Backgrounder. Ed. by Dana DuPont, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-15-045.

Visser S, JG Slowik, M Furger, P Zotter, N Bukowiecki, F Canonaco, U Flechsig, K Appel, DC Green, AH Tremper, DE Young, PI Williams, JD Allan, H Coe, LR Williams, C Mohr, L Xu, NL Ng, E Nemitz, JF Barlow, CH Halios, ZL Fleming, U Baltensperger, and AS Prevot. 2015. "Advanced source apportionment of size-resolved trace elements at multiple sites in London during winter." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(19), 10.5194/acp-15-11291-2015.

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