met > Surface Meteorological InstrumentationInstrument Type(s) > Baseline • External • Guest

The ARM Surface Meteorology Systems (MET) use mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and rain-rate.

Sensors may be added to or removed from the base set depending upon the deployment location, climate regime, or programmatic needs. Sensor types may also change depending upon the climate regime of the deployment.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Eissner J, D Mechem, M Jensen, and S Giangrande. 2021. "Factors Governing Cloud Growth and Entrainment Rates in Shallow Cumulus and Cumulus Congestus during GoAmazon2014/5." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(12), e2021JD034722, 10.1029/2021JD034722.
Research Highlight

Levin M, D Zhang, and K Gaustad. 2021. Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio Value-Added Product Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-128.

Bray M, D Turner, and G de Boer. 2021. "Evaluation of the Rapid Refresh Numerical Weather Prediction Model over Arctic Alaska." Weather and Forecasting, 36(3), 10.1175/WAF-D-20-0169.1.

Feldman D, A Aiken, W Boos, R Carroll, V Chandrasekar, W Collins, S Collis, J Deems, P DeMott, J Fan, A Flores, D Gochis, J Harrington, M Kumjian, LR Leung, T O'Brien, M Raleigh, A Rhoades, SM Skiles, J Smith, R Sullivan, P Ullrich, A Varble, and K Williams. 2021. Surface Atmosphere Integrated Field Laboratory (SAIL) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-21-004.

Varble A, S Nesbitt, P Salio, J Hardin, N Bharadwaj, P Borque, P DeMott, Z Feng, T Hill, J Marquis, A Matthews, F Mei, R ├ľktem, V Castro, L Goldberger, A Hunzinger, K Barry, S Kreidenweis, G McFarquhar, L McMurdie, M Pekour, H Powers, D Romps, C Saulo, B Schmid, J Tomlinson, S van den Heever, A Zelenyuk, Z Zhang, and E Zipser. 2021. "Utilizing a Storm-Generating Hotspot to Study Convective Cloud Transitions: The CACTI Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, , 10.1175/BAMS-D-20-0030.1. ONLINE.

Tian Y, Y Zhang, S Klein, and C Schumacher. 2021. "Interpreting the diurnal cycle of clouds and precipitation in the ARM GoAmazon observations: Shallow to deep convection transition." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(5), 2020JD033766, 10.1029/2020JD033766.
Research Highlight

Zhu W, J Wei, H Xiu, S Jia, and A Lv. 2021. "Coupled and continuous estimation of soil moisture and evaporative fraction within the remotely sensed surface temperature-vegetation index framework." Journal of Hydrology, 592, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125827.

Krishnamurthy R, R Newsom, D Chand, and WJ Shaw. 2021. Boundary Layer Climatology at ARM Southern Great Plains. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. PNNL-30832.

Geerts B, G McFarquhar, L Xue, M Jensen, P Kollias, M Ovchinnikov, M Shupe, P DeMott, Y Wang, M Tjernstrom, P Field, S Abel, T Spengler, R Neggers, S Crewell, M Wendisch, and C Lupkes. 2021. Cold-Air Outbreaks in the Marine Boundary Layer Experiment (COMBLE) Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-21-001.


Dai Y, I Williams, and S Qiu. 2020. "Simulating the effects of surface energy partitioning on convective organization: Case study and observations in the US Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(2), e2020JD033821, 10.1029/2020JD033821.
Research Highlight

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