Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy

met > Surface Meteorological InstrumentationInstrument Type(s) > Baseline • External • Guest

The ARM Surface Meteorology Systems (MET) use mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and rain-rate.

Sensors may be added to or removed from the base set depending upon the deployment location, climate regime, or programmatic needs. Sensor types may also change depending upon the climate regime of the deployment.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Brendecke J, X Dong, B Xi, and X Zheng. 2022. "Maritime Aerosol and CCN profiles derived from ship‐based measurements over Eastern North Pacific during MAGIC." Earth and Space Science, 9(4), e2022EA002319, 10.1029/2022EA002319.

Kirpes R, Z Lei, M Fraund, M Gunsch, N May, T Barrett, C Moffett, A Schauer, B Alexander, L Upchurch, S China, P Quinn, R Moffet, A Laskin, R Sheesley, K Pratt, and A Ault. 2022. "Solid organic-coated ammonium sulfate particles at high relative humidity in the summertime Arctic atmosphere." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 119(14), e2104496119, 10.1073/pnas.2104496119.

Su T, Y Zheng, and Z Li. 2022. "Methodology to determine the coupling of continental clouds with surface and boundary layer height under cloudy conditions from lidar and meteorological data." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 22(2), 10.5194/acp-22-1453-2022.
Research Highlight


Fitch K and T Garrett. 2021. "Graupel Precipitating from Thin Arctic Clouds with Liquid Water Paths less than 50 g m-2." Geophysical Research Letters, 49(1), e2021GL094075, 10.1029/2021GL094075.

Wainwright C, R Chang, and D Richter. 2021. "Aerosol activation in radiation fog at the Atmospheric Radiation Program Southern Great Plains site." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(22), e2021JD035358, 10.1029/2021JD035358.

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