met: Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

The ARM Surface Meteorology Systems (MET) use mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and rain-rate.

Sensors may be added to or removed from the base set depending upon the deployment location, climate regime, or programmatic needs. Sensor types may also change depending upon the climate regime of the deployment.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Zheng Y, D Rosenfeld, and Z Li. 2020. "A more general paradigm for understanding the decoupling of stratocumulus‐topped boundary layers: the importance of horizontal temperature advection." Geophysical Research Letters, 47(14), e2020GL087697, 10.1029/2020GL087697.

Chase R, S Nesbitt, and G McFarquhar. 2020. "Evaluation of the Microphysical Assumptions within GPM-DPR Using Ground-Based Observations of Rain and Snow." Atmosphere, 11(6), 10.3390/atmos11060619.

Naud C, J Booth, K Lamer, R Marchand, A Protat, and G McFarquhar. 2020. "On The Relationship Between The Marine Cold Air Outbreak M Parameter And Low‐Level Cloud Heights In The Midlatitudes." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125(13), e2020JD032465, 10.1029/2020JD032465.

Toto T, A Vogelmann, S Endo, K Gaustad, and S Giangrande. 2020. Lifting Condensation Level Height (LCL Height) Value-Added Product Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-242.

Lee T and M Buban. 2020. "Evaluation of Monin-Obukhov and Bulk Richardson Parameterizations for Surface-Atmosphere Exchange." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 59(6), 10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0057.1.

Kazimirad M and M Miller. 2020. "Summertime Post-Cold-Frontal Marine Stratocumulus Transition Processes over the Eastern North Atlantic." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77(6), 10.1175/JAS-D-19-0167.1.
Research Highlight

Lamer K, C Naud, and J Booth. 2020. "Relationships between precipitation properties and large-scale conditions during subsidence at the ARM eastern north Atlantic observatory." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125(7), e2019JD031848, 10.1029/2019JD031848.
Research Highlight

Johnson R and P Ciesielski. 2020. "Potential Vorticity Generation by West African Squall Lines." Monthly Weather Review, 148(4), 10.1175/MWR-D-19-0342.1.

Lubin D, D Zhang, I Silber, R Scott, P Kalogeras, A Battaglia, D Bromwich, M Cadeddu, E Eloranta, A Fridlind, A Frossard, K Hines, S Kneifel, W Leaitch, W Lin, J Nicolas, H Powers, P Quinn, P Rowe, L Russell, S Sharma, J Verlinde, and A Vogelmann. 2020. "AWARE: The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) West Antarctic Radiation Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(7), 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0278.1.

Lawler M, D Draper, and J Smith. 2020. "Atmospheric fungal nanoparticle bursts." Science Advances, 6(3), 10.1126/sciadv.aax9051.
Research Highlight

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