met: Surface Meteorological Instrumentation

The ARM Surface Meteorology Systems (MET) use mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, and rain-rate.

Sensors may be added to or removed from the base set depending upon the deployment location, climate regime, or programmatic needs. Sensor types may also change depending upon the climate regime of the deployment.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Hines K, D Bromwich, S Wang, I Silber, J Verlinde, and D Lubin. 2019. "Microphysics of summer clouds in central West Antarctica simulated by the Polar Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) and the Antarctic Mesoscale Prediction System (AMPS)." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(19), 10.5194/acp-19-12431-2019.

Lim K, L Riihimaki, Y Shi, D Flynn, J Kleiss, L Berg, W Gustafson, Y Zhang, and K Johnson. 2019. "Long-term retrievals of cloud type and fair-weather shallow cumulus events at the ARM SGP site." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 36(10), 10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0215.1.

Cox CJ, RS Stone, DC Douglas, DM Stanitski, and MR Gallagher. 2019. "The Aleutian Low‐Beaufort Sea Anticyclone: A Climate Index Correlated With the Timing of Springtime Melt in the Pacific Arctic Cryosphere." Geophysical Research Letters, 46(13), 10.1029/2019GL083306.
Research Highlight

Liu J and Z Li. 2019. "Aerosol properties and their influences on low warm clouds during the Two-Column Aerosol Project." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(14), 10.5194/acp-19-9515-2019.

Newsom RK, C Sivaraman, TR Shippert, and LD Riihimaki. 2019. Doppler Lidar Vertical Velocity Statistics Value-Added Product. Ed. by Robert Stafford, U.S. DOE ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-149.

Cook DR and RC Sullivan. 2019. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Instrument Handbook. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM/TR-092.

Lamraoui F, J Booth, C Naud, M Jensen, and K Johnson. 2019. "The interaction between boundary layer and convection schemes in a WRF simulation of post‐cold‐frontal clouds over the ARM East North Atlantic site." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(8), doi:10.1029/2018JD029370.
Research Highlight

Sullivan R, D Cook, V Ghate, V Kotamarthi, and Y Feng. 2019. "Improved Spatiotemporal Representativeness and Bias Reduction of Satellite-Based Evapotranspiration Retrievals via Use of In Situ Meteorology and Constrained Canopy Surface Resistance." Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, , 10.1029/2018JG004744. ONLINE.
Research Highlight


Chandra A, P Zuidema, S Krueger, A Kochanski, S de Szoeke, and J Zhang. 2018. "Moisture distributions in tropical cold pools from equatorial Indian Ocean observations and cloud-resolving simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(20), 10.1029/2018JD028634.
Research Highlight

Varble A, S Nesbit, P Salio, E Zipser, S van den Heever, G McFarquhar, P Kollias, S Kreidenweis, P DeMott, M Jensen, R Houze, Jr., K Rasmussen, R Leung, D Romps, D Gochis, E Avila, and C Williams. 2018. Cloud, Aerosol, and Complex Terrain Interactions (CACTI) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-17-004.

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