sonde: Balloon-Borne Sounding System

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Sonde operations can provide important constraints for model simulations if used during field campaigns where multiple stations are operated around a central location with baseline measurements, such as a mobile facility. When deployed, sondes are launched at scheduled intervals.

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications

2018

Naud C, J Booth, and F Lamraoui. 2018. "Post Cold Frontal Clouds at the ARM Eastern North Atlantic Site: An Examination of the Relationship Between Large-Scale Environment and Low-Level Cloud Properties." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, , 10.1029/2018JD029015. ONLINE.

Chen X, X Huang, X Dong, B Xi, E Dolinar, N Loeb, S Kato, P Stackhouse, and M Bosilovich. 2018. "Using AIRS and ARM SGP Clear-Sky Observations to Evaluate Meteorological Reanalyses: A Hyperspectral Radiance Closure Approach." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, , 10.1029/2018JD028850. ONLINE.

Qiu S, B Xi, and X Dong. 2018. "Influence of Wind Direction on Thermodynamic Properties and Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds in Autumn at Utqiaġvik, Alaska." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(17), 10.1029/2018JD028631.

Kleidon A and M Renner. 2018. "Diurnal land surface energy balance partitioning estimated from the thermodynamic limit of a cold heat engine." Earth System Dynamics, 9(3), 10.5194/esd-9-1127-2018.

Yu H, R Johnson, P Ciesielski, and H Kuo. 2018. "Observation of Quasi-2-Day Convective Disturbances in the Equatorial Indian Ocean during DYNAMO." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75(9), 10.1175/JAS-D-17-0351.1.

Norgren M, G de Boer, and M Shupe. 2018. "Observed aerosol suppression of cloud ice in low-level Arctic mixed-phase clouds." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(18), 10.5194/acp-18-13345-2018.
Research Highlight

Gebauer J, A Shapiro, E Fedorovich, and P Klein. 2018. "Convection Initiation Caused by Heterogeneous Low-Level Jets over the Great Plains." Monthly Weather Review, 146(8), 10.1175/MWR-D-18-0002.1.

Chakraborty S, K Schiro, R Fu, and J Neelin. 2018. "On the role of aerosols, humidity, and vertical wind shear in the transition of shallow-to-deep convection at the Green Ocean Amazon 2014/5 site." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(15), 10.5194/acp-18-11135-2018.

Finlon J, G McFarquhar, S Nesbitt, R Rauber, H Morrison, W Wu, and P Zhang. 2018. "A novel approach to characterize the variability in mass-Dimension relationships: results from MC3E." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, , 10.5194/acp-2018-795.

Varble A, S Nesbit, P Salio, E Zipser, S van den Heever, G McFarquhar, P Kollias, S Kreidenweis, P DeMott, M Jensen, R Houze, Jr., K Rasmussen, R Leung, D Romps, D Gochis, E Avila, and C Williams. 2018. Cloud, Aerosol, and Complex Terrain Interactions (CACTI) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-17-004.


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