sonde: Balloon-Borne Sounding System

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Sonde operations can provide important constraints for model simulations if used during field campaigns where multiple stations are operated around a central location with baseline measurements, such as a mobile facility. When deployed, sondes are launched at scheduled intervals.

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications

2019

Tang S, C Tao, S Xie, and M Zhang. 2019. Description of the ARM Large-Scale Forcing Data from the Constrained Variational Analysis (VARANAL) Version 2. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-222.

Vargas Zeppetello L, D Battisti, and M Baker. 2019. "The Origin of Soil Moisture Evaporation “Regimes”." Journal of Climate, , 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0209.1. ONLINE.

Jensen M, E Bruning, D Collins, A Fridlind, P Kollias, C Kuang, D Rosenfeld, A Ryzhkov, A Varble, SD Brooks, S Collis, E Defer, J Fan, J Flynn, S Giangrande, R Griffin, J Hu, R Jackson, M Kumjian, T Logan, T Matsui, G McFarquhar, C Nowotarski, J Quaas, M Oue, R Sheesley, J Snyder, P Stier, S Usenko, S van den Heever, M van Lier Walqui, Y Wang, Y Xu, and G Zhang. 2019. Tracking Aerosol Convection Interactions ExpeRiment (TRACER) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE/SC-ARM-19-017.

Mapes B, A Chandra, Z Kuang, S Song, and P Zuidema. 2019. "Estimating Convection’s Moisture Sensitivity: An Observation–Model Synthesis Using AMIE-DYNAMO Field Data." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76(6), 10.1175/JAS-D-18-0127.1.

de Boer G, M Shupe, A Solomon, and J Intrieri. 2019. Profiling at Oliktok Point to Enhance Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP) Experiments (POPEYE) Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-19-010.

Lin G, B Geerts, Z Wang, C Grasmick, X Jing, and J Yang. 2019. "Interactions Between a Nocturnal MCS and the Stable Boundary Layer, as Observed by an Airborne Compact Raman Lidar During PECAN." Monthly Weather Review, , 10.1175/MWR-D-18-0388.1.

Borg L, A Reale, D Tobin, R Knuteson, M Feltz, L Zhou, D Holdridge, and J Mather. 2019. ARM Radiosondes for Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) Validation Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-19-009.

Smith E, J Gebauer, P Klein, E Fedorovich, and J Gibbs. 2019. "The Great Plains Low-Level Jet during PECAN: Observed and Simulated Characteristics." Monthly Weather Review, 147(6), 10.1175/MWR-D-18-0293.1.

Zheng Y. 2019. "Theoretical understanding of the linear relationship between convective updrafts and cloud-base height for shallow cumulus clouds. Part I: Maritime conditions." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76(8), 10.1175/JAS-D-18-0323.1.

Ghate V and M Cadeddu. 2019. "Drizzle and Turbulence Below Closed Cellular Marine Stratocumulus Clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(11), 10.1029/2018JD030141.
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