sonde: Balloon-Borne Sounding System

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Sonde operations can provide important constraints for model simulations if used during field campaigns where multiple stations are operated around a central location with baseline measurements, such as a mobile facility. When deployed, sondes are launched at scheduled intervals.

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications

2018

Yu H, R Johnson, P Ciesielski, and H Kuo. 2018. "Observation of Quasi-2-Day Convective Disturbances in the Equatorial Indian Ocean during DYNAMO." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75(9), 10.1175/JAS-D-17-0351.1.

Chakraborty S, K Schiro, R Fu, and J Neelin. 2018. "On the role of aerosols, humidity, and vertical wind shear in the transition of shallow-to-deep convection at the Green Ocean Amazon 2014/5 site." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(15), 10.5194/acp-18-11135-2018.

McHardy T, X Dong, B Xi, M Thieman, P Minnis, and R Palikonda. 2018. "Comparison of Daytime Low-Level Cloud Properties Derived From GOES and ARM SGP Measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(15), 10.1029/2018JD028911.

Varble A, S Nesbitt, P Salio, E Zipser, S van den Heever, G McFarquhar, P DeMott, S Kreidenweis, M Jensen, P Kollias, D Romps, K Rasmussen, R Houze, Jr, R Leung, D Gochis, E Avila, CR Williams, and P Borque. 2018. Cloud, Aerosol, and Complex Terrain Interactions (CACTI) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-18-027.

Varble A, S Nesbit, P Salio, E Zipser, S van den Heever, G McFarquhar, P Kollias, S Kreidenweis, P DeMott, M Jensen, R Houze, Jr., K Rasmussen, R Leung, D Romps, D Gochis, E Avila, and C Williams. 2018. Cloud, Aerosol, and Complex Terrain Interactions (CACTI) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-17-004.

Gebauer J, A Shapiro, E Fedorovich, and P Klein. 2018. "Convection Initiation Caused by Heterogeneous Low-Level Jets over the Great Plains." Monthly Weather Review, 146(8), 10.1175/MWR-D-18-0002.1.

Finlon J, G McFarquhar, S Nesbitt, R Rauber, H Morrison, W Wu, and P Zhang. 2018. "A novel approach to characterize the variability in mass-Dimension relationships: results from MC3E." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, , 10.5194/acp-2018-795.

Lamraoui F, J Booth, and C Naud. 2018. "WRF hindcasts of cold front passages over the ARM Eastern North Atlantic Site: a sensitivity study." Monthly Weather Review, 146(8), 10.1175/MWR-D-17-0281.1.
Research Highlight

PZ, M Alvarado, C Chiu, S DeSzoeke, C Fairall, G Feingold, A Freedman, S Ghan, J Haywood, P Kollias, E Lewis, G McFarquhar, A McComiskey, D Mechem, T Onasch, J Redemann, D Romps, D Turner, H Wang, R Wood, S Yuter, and P Zhu. 2018. Layered Atlantic Smoke Interactions with Clouds (LASIC) Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-18-018.

Matrosov S and D Turner. 2018. "Retrieving mean temperature of atmospheric liquid water layers using microwave radiometer measurements." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 35(5), 10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0179.1.
Research Highlight


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