sonde: Balloon-Borne Sounding System

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Sonde operations can provide important constraints for model simulations if used during field campaigns where multiple stations are operated around a central location with baseline measurements, such as a mobile facility. When deployed, sondes are launched at scheduled intervals.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

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Fast J, L Berg, L Alexander, D Bell, E D’Ambro, J Hubbe, C Kuang, J Liu, C Long, A Matthews, F Mei, R Newsom, M Pekour, T Pinterich, B Schmid, S Schobesberger, J Shilling, J Smith, S Springston, K Suski, J Thornton, J Tomlinson, J Wang, H Xiao, and A Zelenyuk. 2018. "Overview of the HI-SCALE Field Campaign: A New Perspective on Shallow Convective Clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, , 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0030.1. ONLINE.

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