sonde > Balloon-Borne Sounding SystemVAP Type(s) > Baseline • Evaluation • External • Guest

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Sonde operations can provide important constraints for model simulations if used during field campaigns where multiple stations are operated around a central location with baseline measurements, such as a mobile facility. When deployed, sondes are launched at scheduled intervals.


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Shupe M, D Chu, D Costa, C Cox, J Creamean, G de Boer, K Dethloff, R Engelmann, M Gallagher, E Hunke, W Maslowski, A McComiskey, J Osborn, O Persson, H Powers, K Pratt, D Randall, A Solomon, M Tjernstrom, D Turner, J Uin, T Uttal, J Verlinde, and D Wagner. 2021. Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-21-007.

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Kirshbaum D and K Lamer. 2021. "Climatological sensitivities of shallow-cumulus bulk entrainment in continental and oceanic locations." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, , 10.1175/JAS-D-20-0377.1. ONLINE.

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Research Highlight

Brendecke J, X Dong, B Xi, and P Wu. 2021. "Maritime Cloud and Drizzle Microphysical Properties Retrieved from Ship‐Based Observations during MAGIC." Earth and Space Science, 8(5), e2020EA001588, 10.1029/2020EA001588.

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