sonde: Balloon-Borne Sounding System

The balloon-borne sounding system (SONDE) provides in situ measurements (vertical profiles) of both the thermodynamic state of the atmosphere, and the wind speed and direction.

Sonde operations can provide important constraints for model simulations if used during field campaigns where multiple stations are operated around a central location with baseline measurements, such as a mobile facility. When deployed, sondes are launched at scheduled intervals.

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications

2017

Nicolas J, A Vogelmann, R Scott, A Wilson, M Cadeddu, D Bromwich, J Verlinde, D Lubin, L Russell, C Jenkinson, H Powers, M Ryczek, G Stone, and J Wille. 2017. "January 2016 extensive summer melt in West Antarctica favoured by strong El Nino." Nature Communications, 8, doi:10.1038/ncomms15799.

Gartzke J, R Knuteson, G Przybyl, S Ackerman, and H Revercomb. 2017. "Comparison of satellite, model, and radiosonde derived Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) in the southern Great Plains region." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56(5), 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0267.1.

2016

Kalesse H, G DeBoer, A Solomon, M Oue, M Ahlgrimm, D Zhang, M Shupe, E Luke, and A Protat. 2016. "Understanding Rapid Changes in Phase Partitioning between Cloud Liquid and Ice in Stratiform Mixed-Phase Clouds: An Arctic Case Study." Monthly Weather Review, 144(12), 10.1175/mwr-d-16-0155.1. ONLINE.

Zheng X, SA Klein, H Ma, P Bogenschutz, A Gettelman, and VE Larson. 2016. "Assessment of marine boundary layer cloud simulations in the CAM with CLUBB and updated microphysics scheme based on ARM observations from the Azores." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(14), 10.1002/2016jd025274.

Jensen MP, DJ Holdridge, P Survo, R Lehtinen, S Baxter, T Toto, and KL Johnson. 2016. "Comparison of Vaisala radiosondes RS41 and RS92 at the ARM Southern Great Plains site." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(7), 10.5194/amt-9-3115-2016.

Giangrande SE, T Toto, A Bansemer, MR Kumjian, S Mishra, and A Ryzkhov. 2016. "Insights into riming and aggregation processes as revealed by aircraft, radar, and disdrometer observations for a 27 April 2011 widespread precipitation event." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(10), 10.1002/2015jd024537. ONLINE.

Wang Y, B Geerts, and Y Chen. 2016. "Vertical structure of boundary layer convection during cold-air outbreaks at Barrow, Alaska." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(1), 10.1002/2015jd023506.

2015

RĂ©millard J and G Tselioudis. 2015. "Cloud Regime Variability over the Azores and Its Application to Climate Model Evaluation." Journal of Climate, 28(24), 10.1175/jcli-d-15-0066.1.

Lamer K and P Kollias. 2015. "Observations of fair-weather cumuli over land: Dynamical factors controlling cloud size and cover." Geophysical Research Letters, 42(20), 10.1002/2015gl064534.

Klein PM, TA Bonin, JF Newman, DD Turner, PB Chilson, CE Wainwright, WG Blumberg, S Mishra, M Carney, EP Jacobsen, S Wharton, and RK Newsom. 2015. "LABLE: A Multi-Institutional, Student-Led, Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(10), 10.1175/bams-d-13-00267.1. ONLINE.


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