Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy

ceil > CeilometerInstrument Type(s) > Baseline • External

The ceilometer (CEIL) is a remote-sensing instrument that measures cloud height, vertical visibility, and potential backscatter signals by aerosols. It detects up to three cloud layers simultaneously. Operating through a maximum vertical range of 7700 m, the CEIL transmits near-infrared pulses of light and the receiver detects the light scattered back by clouds and precipitation.

Primary Derived Measurements


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Jensen M, V Ghate, D Wang, D Apoznanski, M Bartholomew, S Giangrande, K Johnson, and M Thieman. 2021. "Contrasting characteristics of open- and closed-cellular stratocumulus cloud in the eastern North Atlantic." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21(19), 10.5194/acp-21-14557-2021.
Research Highlight

Riihimaki L, X Li, Z Hou, and L Berg. 2021. "Improving prediction of surface solar irradiance variability by integrating observed cloud characteristics and machine learning." Solar Energy, 225, 10.1016/j.solener.2021.07.047.

Helbig M, T Gerken, E Beamesderfer, D Baldocchi, T Banerjee, S Biraud, W Brown, N Brunsell, E Burakowski, S Burns, B Butterworth, W Chan, K Davis, A Desai, J Fuentes, D Hollinger, N Kljun, M Mauder, K Novick, J Perkins, D Rahn, C Rey-Sanchez, J Santanello, R Scott, B Seyednasrollah, P Stoy, R Sullivan, J de Arellano, S Wharton, C Yi, and A Richardson. 2021. "Integrating continuous atmospheric boundary layer and tower-based flux measurements to advance understanding of land-atmosphere interactions." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 307, 108509, 10.1016/j.agrformet.2021.108509.

Yip J, M Diao, T Barone, I Silber, and A Gettelman. 2021. "Evaluation of the CAM6 Climate Model Using Cloud Observations at McMurdo Station, Antarctica." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126(16), e2021JD034653, 10.1029/2021JD034653.

Russell LM, D Lubin, I Silber, E Eloranta, J Muelmenstaedt, S Burrows, A Aiken, D Wang, M Petters, M Miller, A Ackerman, A Fridlind, M Witte, M Lebsock, D Painemal, R Chang, J Liggio, and M Wheeler. 2021. Eastern Pacific Cloud Aerosol Precipitation Experiment (EPCAPE) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-21-009.

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