co-analyzer > Carbon Monoxide AnalyzerInstrument Type(s) > Baseline • Guest

As of 5 August, 2015, Los Gatos Research (LGR) CO/H2O/N2O analyzer instruments (COANALYZERs) were deployed in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerial Facility (AAF), the third ARM Mobile Facility (AMF3) Aerosol Observing System (AOS), Eastern North Atlantic (ENA) AOS, and Mobile AOS (MAOS-C).

The N2O/CO analyzer uses LGR’s patented Off-axis ICOS technology, which employs a high-finesse optical cavity as the measurement cell. LGR’s technology has many proven advantages over conventional first-generation cavity ringdown spectroscopy (CRDS) techniques. In brief, since the laser beam does not have to be resonantly coupled to the measurement cell, precise beam alignment is not critical. Mentors can disassemble the cell for cleaning (CAREFULLY) the front surface mirrors. Analyzers are relatively inexpensive and inherently robust thermally and mechanically. In addition, since LGR’s technology can record reliable absorption spectra over a far wider range of optical depths (absorbance values) than CRDS, LGR analyzers provide measurements over a much wider range of mixing ratios (gas concentrations). The N2O/CO analyzer includes an internal computer that sends real-time data to the local instrument computer through its digital (RS-232) output.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Active Locations

Facility Name Start Date
Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal 2015-04-24
Gunnison, CO; Supplemental Facility 2 2021-10-25


Angot H, B Blomquist, D Howard, S Archer, L Bariteau, I Beck, M Boyer, M Crotwell, D Helmig, J Hueber, H Jacobi, T Jokinen, M Kulmala, X Lan, T Laurila, M Madronich, D Neff, T Petäjä, K Posman, L Quéléver, M Shupe, I Vimont, and J Schmale. 2022. "Year-round trace gas measurements in the central Arctic during the MOSAiC expedition." Scientific Data, 9(1), 10.1038/s41597-022-01769-6.

Che H, M Segal-Rozenhaimer, L Zhang, C Dang, P Zuidema, A Sedlacek III, X Zhang, and C Flynn. 2022. "Seasonal variations in fire conditions are important drivers in the trend of aerosol optical properties over the south-eastern Atlantic." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 22(13), 10.5194/acp-22-8767-2022.

Shupe M, M Rex, B Blomquist, P Persson, J Schmale, T Uttal, D Althausen, H Angot, S Archer, L Bariteau, I Beck, J Bilberry, S Bucci, C Buck, M Boyer, Z Brasseur, I Brooks, R Calmer, J Cassano, V Castro, D Chu, D Costa, C Cox, J Creamean, S Crewell, S Dahlke, E Damm, G de Boer, H Deckelmann, K Dethloff, M Dütsch, K Ebell, A Ehrlich, J Ellis, R Engelmann, A Fong, M Frey, M Gallagher, L Ganzeveld, R Gradinger, J Graeser, V Greenamyer, H Griesche, S Griffiths, J Hamilton, G Heinemann, D Helmig, A Herber, C Heuzé, J Hofer, T Houchens, D Howard, J Inoue, H Jacobi, R Jaiser, T Jokinen, O Jourdan, G Jozef, W King, A Kirchgaessner, M Klingebiel, M Krassovski, T Krumpen, A Lampert, W Landing, T Laurila, D Lawrence, M Lonardi, B Loose, C Lüpkes, M Maahn, A Macke, W Maslowski, C Marsay, M Maturilli, M Mech, S Morris, M Moser, M Nicolaus, P Ortega, J Osborn, F Pätzold, D Perovich, T Petäjä, C Pilz, R Pirazzini, K Posman, H Powers, K Pratt, A Preußer, L Quéléver, M Radenz, B Rabe, A Rinke, T Sachs, A Schulz, H Siebert, T Silva, A Solomon, A Sommerfeld, G Spreen, M Stephens, A Stohl, G Svensson, J Uin, J Viegas, C Voigt, P von der Gathen, B Wehner, J Welker, M Wendisch, M Werner, Z Xie, and F Yue. 2022. "Overview of the MOSAiC expedition—Atmosphere." Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 10(1), 10.1525/elementa.2021.00060.
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Geerts B, G McFarquhar, L Xue, M Jensen, P Kollias, M Ovchinnikov, M Shupe, P DeMott, Y Wang, M Tjernstrom, P Field, S Abel, T Spengler, R Neggers, S Crewell, M Wendisch, and C Lupkes. 2021. Cold-Air Outbreaks in the Marine Boundary Layer Experiment (COMBLE) Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-21-001. 10.2172/1763013.


Zhang J and P Zuidema. 2019. "The diurnal cycle of the smoky marine boundary layer observed during August in the remote southeast Atlantic." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(23), 10.5194/acp-19-14493-2019.
Research Highlight

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