psap: Particle Soot Absorption Photometer

The particle soot absorption photometer collects aerosol particles on a substrate and measures the change in light transmission relative to a reference filter. Bulk particle absorption is derived after correcting for scattering effects.

The PSAP is part of the aerosol observing system (AOS).



  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications


McFarquhar G, R Marchand, C Bretherton, S Alexander, A Protat, S Siems, R Wood, and P DeMott. 2019. Measurements of Aerosols, Radiation, and Clouds over the Southern Ocean (MARCUS) Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-19-008.

Wang J, R Wood, M Jensen, E Azevedo, C Bretherton, D Chand, C Chiu, X Dong, J Fast, A Gettelman, S Ghan, S Giangrande, M Gilles, A Jefferson, P Kollias, C Kuang, A Laskin, E Lewis, X Liu, Y Liu, E Luke, A McComiskey, F Mei, M Miller, A Sedlacek, and R Shaw. 2019. Aerosol and Cloud Experiments in Eastern North Atlantic (ACE-ENA) Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-19-012.

Mallet M, P Nabat, P Zuidema, J Redemann, A Sayer, M Stengel, S Schmidt, S Cochrane, S Burton, R Ferrare, K Meyer, P Saide, H Jethva, O Torres, R Wood, D Saint Martin, R Roehrig, C Hsu, and P Formenti. 2019. "Simulation of the transport, vertical distribution, optical properties and radiative impact of smoke aerosols with the ALADIN regional climate model during the ORACLES-2016 and LASIC experiments." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 19(7), 10.5194/acp-19-4963-2019.

Springston S. 2019. Filter Aerosol Measurements for ARM. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-220.


Zheng G, Y Wang, A Aiken, F Gallo, M Jensen, P Kollias, C Kuang, E Luke, S Springston, J Uin, R Wood, and J Wang. 2018. "Marine boundary layer aerosol in the eastern North Atlantic: seasonal variations and key controlling processes." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(23), doi:10.5194/acp-18-17615-2018.
Research Highlight

Forestieri S, T Helgestad, A Lambe, L Renbaum-Wolff, D Lack, P Massoli, E Cross, M Dubey, C Mazzoleni, J Olfert, A Sedlacek III, A Freedman, P Davidovits, T Onasch, and C Cappa. 2018. "Measurement and modeling of the multiwavelength optical properties of uncoated flame-generated soot." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(16), 10.5194/acp-18-12141-2018.

Zuidema P, A Sedlacek, C Flynn, S Springston, R Delgadillo, J Zhang, A Aiken, A Koontz, and P Muradyan. 2018. "The Ascension Island Boundary Layer in the Remote Southeast Atlantic is Often Smoky." Geophysical Research Letters, 45(9), 10.1002/2017GL076926.

Springston SR. 2018. Particle Soot Absorption Photometer (PSAP) Instrument Handbook. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-176.

Creamean J, M Maahn, G de Boer, A McComiskey, A Sedlacek, and Y Feng. 2018. "The influence of local oil exploration and regional wildfires on summer 2015 aerosol over the North Slope of Alaska." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(2), 10.5194/acp-18-555-2018.


Sinha P, Y Kondo, M Koike, J Ogren, A Jefferson, T Barrett, R Sheesley, S Ohata, N Moteki, H Coe, D Liu, M Irwin, P Tunved, P Quinn, and Y Zhao. 2017. "Evaluation of ground-based black carbon measurements by filter-based photometers at two Arctic sites." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(6), 10.1002/2016JD025843.

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