Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy


1 October 2017 - 30 April 2018

Lead Scientist: Martin Schnaiter

Observatory: amf, mar

WIBS4 for Measurements of Aerosols, Radiation, and Clouds over the Southern Ocean (MARCUS) Sea spray aerosol particles originate from the sea surface microlayer which is enriched by biological particles and biogenic compounds. The aerosolization of these compounds might be an important source for ice nucleating particles in the remote Southern Ocean. The Wideband Integrated Bioaerosol Sensor (WIBS) detects bioaerosol particles based on fluorescence measurements in three excitation/emission wavebands on a single particle basis. During the Measurements of Aerosols, Radiation, and Clouds over the Southern Ocean (MARCUS) project, the WIBS4 instrument of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) will monitor the Fluorescent Biological Aerosol Particles (FBAP) of the Southern Ocean boundary layer as part of the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2) installed on the Aurora Australis. The WIBS4 FBAP data collected during the MARCUS cruises will complement other AMF2 aerosol and remote sensing measurements as well as the filter-based analyses of the aerosol ice nucleation properties and chemical composition.


Greg McFarquhar


  • Parent Campaign
  • Sibling Campaign


Schnaiter M. 2019. Waveband Integrated Bioaerosol Sensor (WIBS4) for MARCUS Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-19-019.

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MAR Data Sources

Name Full Name Browse Data
AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Browse Data
AERINF AERI Noise Filtered Browse Data
AERIOE AERIoe Thermodynamic Profile and Cloud Retrieval Browse Data
AOP Aerosol Optical Properties Browse Data
AOS Aerosol Observing System Browse Data
AOSMET Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System Browse Data
CAMSITE camera that monitors a site area Browse Data
CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Browse Data
CEIL Ceilometer Browse Data
CEILPBLHT Boundary-layer height data with CEIL Browse Data
CO-ANALYZER Carbon Monoxide Analyzer Browse Data
CPC Condensation Particle Counter Browse Data
HTDMA Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Browse Data
INTERPSONDE Interpolated Sonde Browse Data
IRT Infrared Thermometer Browse Data
MARINEMET Marine Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Browse Data
MARINEPRECIP Marine Precipitation Instrumentation Browse Data
MPL Micropulse Lidar Browse Data
MPLCMASK Cloud mask from Micropulse Lidar Browse Data
MPLPOLFSSHIPCOR MPL Corrected for Ship Motion Browse Data
MWACR Marine W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar Browse Data
MWACRARSCL Marine W-band ARM Cloud Radar, Active Remote Sensing of Clouds Browse Data
MWACRSHIPCOR MWACR Ship Motion Correction Browse Data
MWR Microwave Radiometer Browse Data
MWR3C Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel Browse Data
MWRRET MWR Retrievals Browse Data
NAV Navigational Location and Attitude Browse Data
NAVBE Navigational Location and Attitude Best Estimate Browse Data
NEPHELOMETER Nephelometer Browse Data
OZONE Ozone Monitor Browse Data
PBLHT Planetary Boundary Layer Height Browse Data
PRP Portable Radiation Package Browse Data
PSAP Particle Soot Absorption Photometer Browse Data
RWP Radar Wind Profiler Browse Data
SONDE Balloon-Borne Sounding System Browse Data
SONDEGRID Gridded Sonde VAP Product Browse Data
S-TABLE Stabilized Platform Browse Data
THERMOCLOUDPHASE Thermodynamic cloud phase Browse Data
TSI Total Sky Imager Browse Data
UHSAS Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer Browse Data
VISST Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm Browse Data
WACRARSCL W-band Cloud Radar Active Remote Sensing of Cloud Browse Data