mwacr: Marine W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar

The Marine W-Band (95 GHz) ARM Cloud Radar measures cloud properties, including radar Doppler and radar reflectivity. This instrument is a zenith-pointing W-Band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) mounted on a stabilized platform for use aboard ships.



  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications


Arulraj M and A Barros. 2017. "Shallow Precipitation Detection and Classification Using Multifrequency Radar Observations and Model Simulations." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34(9), 10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0060.1.


Burns D, P Kollias, A Tatarevic, A Battaglia, and S Tanelli. 2016. "The performance of the EarthCARE Cloud Profiling Radar in marine stratiform clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(24), 10.1002/2016JD025090.

Petäjä T, EJ O'Connor, D Moisseev, VA Sinclair, AJ Manninen, R Väänänen, A von Lerber, JA Thornton, W Petersen, V Chandrasekar, JN Smith, PM Winkler, O Krüger, H Hakola, H Timonen, D Brus, T Laurila, E Asmi, M Riekkola, L Mona, P Massoli, R Engelmann, M Komppula, J Wang, C Kuang, J Bäck, V Annele, J Levula, M Ritsche, and N Hickmon. 2016. "BAECC: A Field Campaign to Elucidate the Impact of Biogenic Aerosols on Clouds and Climate." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(10), 10.1175/bams-d-14-00199.1.

Helmus JJ and SM Collis. 2016. "The Python ARM Radar Toolkit (Py-ART), a Library for Working with Weather Radar Data in the Python Programming Language." Journal of Open Research Software, 4(1), 10.5334/jors.119.

Sporre MK, EJ O'Connor, N Hakansson, A Thoss, E Swietlicki, and T Petaja. 2016. "Comparison of MODIS and VIIRS cloud properties with ARM ground-based observations over Finland." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(7), 10.5194/amt-9-3193-2016.


Wu P, X Dong, and B Xi. 2015. "Marine boundary layer drizzle properties and their impact on cloud property retrieval." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(9), 10.5194/amt-8-3555-2015.

Fielding MD, JC Chiu, RJ Robin, G Feingold, E Eloranta, EJ O'Connor, and MP Cadeddu. 2015. "Joint retrievals of cloud and drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds using ground-based radar, lidar and zenith radiances." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8, 10.5194/amt-8-2663-2015.

Dong X, A Schwantes, B Xi, and P Wu. 2015. "Investigation of the marine boundary layer cloud and CCN properties under coupled and decoupled conditions over the Azores." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(12), doi:10.1002/2014JD02, 10.1002/2014jd022939. ONLINE.

Kneifel S, A von Lerber, J Tiira, D Moisseev, P Kollias, and J Leinonen. 2015. "Observed relations between snowfall microphysics and triple-frequency radar measurements." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(12), 10.1002/2015jd023156.


Fielding MD, J Chiu, RJ Hogan, and G Feingold. 2014. "A novel ensemble method for retrieving properties of warm cloud in 3-D using ground-based scanning radar and zenith radiances." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(18), 10.1002/2014jd021742.

View All Related Publications