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armbe: ARM Best Estimate Data Products

The ARM Best Estimate data products are ARM datastreams specifically tailored to climate modelers for use in the evaluation of global climate models. They contain a best estimate of several cloud, radiation, and atmospheric quantities. The ARMBE data set was created to showcase all the flagship products of ARM. Data formerly known as CMBE are now available under ARMBE.

For more information about ARMBE products, click the product names under “Output Products” or download a netCDF header example for ARMBEATM and ARMBECLDRAD.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

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Lamraoui F, J Booth, C Naud, M Jensen, and K Johnson. 2019. "The interaction between boundary layer and convection schemes in a WRF simulation of post‐cold‐frontal clouds over the ARM East North Atlantic site." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(8), doi:10.1029/2018JD029370.
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Terai C, Y Zhang, S Klein, M Zelinka, J Chiu, and Q Min. 2019. "Mechanisms behind the extratropical stratiform low‐cloud optical depth response to temperature in ARM site observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(4), doi:10.1029/2018JD029359.
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Williams I. 2018. "Evaluating soil moisture feedback on convective triggering: Roles of convective and land‐model parameterizations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(1), 10.1029/2018JD029326.
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Welty J and X Zeng. 2018. "Does Soil Moisture Affect Warm Season Precipitation Over the Southern Great Plains?" Geophysical Research Letters, 45(15), 10.1029/2018GL078598.

Feldman D, W Collins, S Biraud, M Risser, D Turner, P Gero, J Tadić, D Helmig, S Xie, E Mlawer, T Shippert, and M Torn. 2018. "Observationally derived rise in methane surface forcing mediated by water vapour trends." Nature Geoscience, 11, 10.1038/s41561-018-0085-9.

Zhang C, S Xie, S Klein, H Ma, S Tang, K Van Weverberg, C Morcrette, and J Petch. 2018. "CAUSES: Diagnosis of the Summertime Warm Bias in CMIP5 Climate Models at the ARM Southern Great Plains Site." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(6), doi:10.1002/2017JD027200.
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Zhuang Y, R Fu, and H Wang. 2018. "How do environmental conditions influence vertical buoyancy structure and shallow-to-deep convection transition across different climate regimes?" Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75(6), 10.1175/JAS-D-17-0284.1.


Phillips T, S Klein, H Ma, Q Tang, S Xie, I Williams, J Santanello, D Cook, and M Torn. 2017. "Using ARM Observations to Evaluate Climate Model Simulations of Land-Atmosphere Coupling on the U.S. Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(21), doi:10.1002/2017JD027141.
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Lin Y, W Dong, M Zhang, Y Xie, W Xue, J Huang, and Y Luo. 2017. "Causes of model dry and warm bias over central U.S. and impact on climate projections." Nature Communications, 8(1), 881 (2017), 10.1038/s41467-017-01040-2.
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Eitzen Z, W Su, K Xu, N Loeb, M Sun, D Doelling, F Rose, and A Bodas-Salcedo. 2017. "Evaluation of a General Circulation Model by the CERES Flux-by-Cloud Type Simulator." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(20), 10.1002/2017JD027076.

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