Cite Data Browse Data

armbe: ARM Best Estimate Data Products

The ARM Best Estimate data products are ARM datastreams specifically tailored to climate modelers for use in the evaluation of global climate models. They contain a best estimate of several cloud, radiation, and atmospheric quantities. The ARMBE data set was created to showcase all the flagship products of ARM. Data formerly known as CMBE are now available under ARMBE.

For more information about ARMBE products, click the product names under “Output Products” or download a netCDF header example for ARMBEATM and ARMBECLDRAD.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications


Feldman D, W Collins, S Biraud, M Risser, D Turner, P Gero, J Tadić, D Helmig, S Xie, E Mlawer, T Shippert, and M Torn. 2018. "Observationally derived rise in methane surface forcing mediated by water vapour trends." Nature Geoscience, 11, 10.1038/s41561-018-0085-9.

Zhuang Y, R Fu, and H Wang. 2018. "How do environmental conditions influence vertical buoyancy structure and shallow-to-deep convection transition across different climate regimes?" Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 75(6), 10.1175/JAS-D-17-0284.1.

Zhang C, S Xie, S Klein, H Ma, S Tang, K Van Weverberg, C Morcrette, and J Petch. 2018. "CAUSES: Diagnosis of the Summertime Warm Bias in CMIP5 Climate Models at the ARM Southern Great Plains Site." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(6), doi:10.1002/2017JD027200.
Research Highlight


Phillips T, S Klein, H Ma, Q Tang, S Xie, I Williams, J Santanello, D Cook, and M Torn. 2017. "Using ARM Observations to Evaluate Climate Model Simulations of Land-Atmosphere Coupling on the U.S. Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(21), doi:10.1002/2017JD027141.
Research Highlight

Lin Y, W Dong, M Zhang, Y Xie, W Xue, J Huang, and Y Luo. 2017. "Causes of model dry and warm bias over central U.S. and impact on climate projections." Nature Communications, 8(1), 881 (2017), 10.1038/s41467-017-01040-2.
Research Highlight

Eitzen Z, W Su, K Xu, N Loeb, M Sun, D Doelling, F Rose, and A Bodas-Salcedo. 2017. "Evaluation of a General Circulation Model by the CERES Flux-by-Cloud Type Simulator." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(20), 10.1002/2017JD027076.


Ahlgrimm M and RM Forbes. 2016. "Regime dependence of cloud condensate variability observed at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Sites." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142(697), 10.1002/qj.2783. ONLINE.
Research Highlight


Chandra AS, C Zhang, SA Klein, and H Ma. 2015. "Low-cloud characteristics over the tropical western Pacific from ARM observations and CAM5 simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(17), 52402, 10.1002/2015jd023369.
Research Highlight

Sawyer VR. 2015. Interaction between the aerosol direct effect in the lower troposphere and the planetary boundary layer depth (Thesis). College Park, MD: University of Maryland.

Rauniyar SP and KJ Walsh. 2015. "Spatial and temporal variations in rainfall over Darwin and its vicinity during different large-scale environments." Climate Dynamics, , 10.1007/s00382-015-2606-1.

View All Related Publications