Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy

ARM Airborne Carbon Measurements (ARM-ACME)

1 October 2008 - 31 December 2011

Lead Scientist: Sebastien Biraud

Observatory: aaf, sgp

This campaign is a two-year multi-institution and multi-agency airborne study of atmospheric composition and carbon cycling in the Southern Great Plains (SGP), with scientific objectives that are central to carbon-cycle and radiative-forcing goals of the US Climate Change Research Program and the North American Carbon Program (NACP). The goal of these measurements is to improve understanding of: (a) the carbon exchange of the ARM region; (b) how CO2 and associated water and energy fluxes influence radiative forcing, convective processes, and CO2 concentrations over the ARM region, and (c) how greenhouse gases are transported on continental scales. To meet these goals, airborne measurements will be made to support the following specific scientific objectives:

  1. Quantify trends and variability in atmospheric concentrations of CO2 and other greenhouse gases in North America, e.g., for NACP continental synthesis;

  2. Validate NASA Orbiting Carbon Observatory column CO2 estimates;

  3. Characterize the chemical fingerprint of anthropogenic GHG sources;

  4. Construct regional carbon budgets and estimate CO2 , LE, and SH fluxes in SGP;

  5. Develop novel tracer tools for understanding convective mixing, surface conductance, and vertical advection;

  6. Provide data to improve planetary boundary layer dynamics models;

  7. Improve radiation models in GCMs using column CO2 variation and trends.

Support for research associated with the campaign will be provided by DOE’s Terrestrial Ecosystem Science program.”

Co-Investigators

Joseph Berry Colm Sweeney Steven Wofsy
Marc Fischer Pieter Tans
Charles Miller Margaret Torn

Timeline

  • Child Campaign

2013

Miller SM, SC Wofsy, AM Michalak, EA Kort, AE Andrews, SC Biraud, EJ Dlugokencky, J Elszkeiwicz, ML Fischer, G Janssens-Maenhout, BR Miller, JB Miller, SA Montzka, T Nehrkorn, and C Sweeney. 2013. "Anthropogenic emissions of methane in the United States." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(50), 10.1073/pnas.1314392110.
Research Highlight

Miyamoto Y, M Inoue, I Morino, O Uchino, T Yokota, T Machida, Y Sawa, H Matsueda, C Sweeney, P Tans, A Andrews, S Biraud, and P Patra. 2013. "Corrigendum to "Atmospheric column-averaged mole fractions of carbon dioxide at 53 aircraft measurement sites" published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 5265–5275, 2013." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(18), 10.5194/acp-13-9213-2013.

Basu S, S Guerlet, A Butz, S Houweling, OP Hasekamp, I Aben, PB Krummel, LP Steele, RL Langenfelds, MS Torn, SC Biraud, B Stephens, A Andrews, and D Worthy. 2013. "Global CO2 fluxes estimated from GOSAT retrievals of total column CO2." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(17), 10.5194/acp-13-8695-2013.
Research Highlight

Bergamaschi P, S Houweling, A Segers, M Krol, C Frankenberg, R Scheepmaker, E Dlugokencky, S Wofsy, E Kort, C Sweeney, T Schuck, C Brenninkmeijer, H Chen, V Beck, and C Gerbig. 2013. " Atmospheric CH in the first decade of the 21st century: Inverse modeling analysis using SCIAMACHY satellite retrievals and NOAA surface measurements ." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(13), 10.1002/jgrd.50480.

Keppel-Aleks G, JT Randerson, K Lindsay, BB Stephens, JK Moore, SC Doney, PE Thornton, NM Mahowald, FM Hoffman, C Sweeney, PP Tans, PO Wennberg, and SC Wofsy. 2013. "Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Variability in the Community Earth System Model: Evaluation and Transient Dynamics during the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries." Journal of Climate, 26(13), 10.1175/jcli-d-12-00589.1.
Research Highlight

Miyamoto Y, M Inoue, I Morino, O Uchino, T Yokota, T Machida, Y Sawa, H Matsueda, C Sweeney, P Tans, A Andrews, and P Patra. 2013. "Atmospheric column-averaged mole fractions of carbon dioxide at 53 aircraft measurement sites." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(10), 10.5194/acp-13-5265-2013.

Biraud S, M Torn, J Smith, C Sweeney, and P Tans. 2013. Airborne Continuous CO2 in the U.S. Southern Great Plains. Presented at 4th Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science Team Meeting. Potomac, MD.

Kulawik SS, JR Worden, SC Wofsy, SC Biraud, R Nassar, DB Jones, ET Olsen, R Jimenez, S Park, GW Santoni, BC Daube, JV Pittman, BB Stephens, EA Kort, and GB Osterman. 2013. "Comparison of improved Aura Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer CO2 with HIPPO and SGP aircraft profile measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(6), 10.5194/acp-13-3205-2013.

Biraud SC, MS Torn, JR Smith, C Sweeney, WJ Riley, and PP Tans. 2013. "A multi-year record of airborne CO2 observations in the U.S. Southern Great Plains." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6(3), 10.5194/amt-6-751-2013.

Kuai L, J Worden, S Kulawik, K Bowman, M Lee, SC Biraud, JB Abshire, SC Wofsy, V Natraj, C Frankenberg, D Wunch, B Connor, C Miller, C Roehl, RL Shia, and Y Yung. 2013. "Profiling tropospheric CO2 using Aura TES and TCCON instruments." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 10.5194/amt-6-63-2013.


View All Related Publications

Campaign Data Sets

IOP Participant Data Source Name Final Data
Sebastien Biraud Continuous Carbon Dioxide Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Continuous Carbon Dioxide Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Continuous Carbon Dioxide Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Continuous Carbon Dioxide Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Continuous Carbon Dioxide Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Continuous Carbon Dioxide Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Order Data
Duli Chand Particle Soot Absorption Photometer - G1 Aircraft Order Data
Connor Flynn Nephelometer Order Data
John Hubbe Ambient Winds- AIMMS Order Data
Chuck Long (deceased) Radiometer Suite (Tilt Corrected Data) Order Data
Alyssa Matthews 2DS Particle Imaging Probe Order Data
Alyssa Matthews Cloud Droplet Probe Order Data
Alyssa Matthews High Volume Precip Spectrometer Order Data
Alyssa Matthews High Volume Precipitation Spectrometer - Images Order Data
Alyssa Matthews Video - G1 Aircraft Order Data
Alyssa Matthews Water Content Monitor Order Data
Fan Mei Cloud Particle Imager (CPI) Order Data
Fan Mei Condensation Particle Counters - G1 Aircraft Order Data
Fan Mei Fast Cloud Droplet Probe (FCDP) Order Data
Fan Mei Meteorology/State/Position Parameters Order Data
Fan Mei Precipitation Imaging Probe- Stormpeak Lab Order Data
Pekour Mikhail Optical Particle Counter - Isokinetic Order Data
Arthur Sedlacek Single Particle Soot Photometer Order Data
Stephen Springston Carbon Monoxide and Nitrous Oxide Order Data
Jason Tomlinson Passive Cavity Aerosol Spectrometer Order Data
Jason Tomlinson Ultra High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer- G1 Aircraft Order Data