wsacr > W-band Scanning ARM Cloud RadarInstrument Type(s) > Baseline • Evaluation

ARM’s scanning cloud radars are fully coherent dual-frequency, dual-polarization Doppler radars mounted on a common scanning pedestal. Each pedestal includes a Ka-band radar (2kW peak power) and the deployment location determines whether the second radar is a W-band (WSACR; 1.7 kW peak power) or X-band (XSACR; 20 kW peak power). Beamwidths at Ka and W bands are roughly matched at 0.3 degrees.

Due to the narrow antenna beamwidth, ARM’s scanning cloud radars use scanning strategies that are unlike typical weather radars. Rather than focusing on plan position indicator, or PPI, scans, the Ka-SACR uses range height indicator, or RHI, scans at numerous azimuths to obtain cloud volume data.

Measurements collected with the W-SACR are copolar and cross-polar radar reflectivity, Doppler velocity, spectra width and spectra when not scanning, and linear depolarization ration.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Tyynelä J and A von Lerber. 2019. "Validation of Microphysical Snow Models Using in situ, Multifrequency, and Dual‐Polarization Radar Measurements in Finland." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(23), 10.1029/2019JD030721.

Kollias P, N Bharadwaj, E Clothiaux, K Lamer, M Oue, J Hardin, B Isom, I Lindenmaier, A Matthews, E Luke, S Giangrande, K Johnson, S Collis, J Comstock, and J Mather. 2019. "The ARM Radar Network: At the Leading-edge of Cloud and Precipitation Observations." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(5), 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0288.1.

ZHU Z, K Lamer, P Kollias, and EE Clothiaux. 2019. "The Vertical Structure of Liquid Water Content in Shallow Clouds as Retrieved from Dual‐Wavelength Radar Observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124(24), 10.1029/2019JD031188.

Matrosov S, M Maahn, and G de Boer. 2019. "Observational and modeling study of ice hydrometeor radar dual-wavelength ratios." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 58(9), 10.1175/JAMC-D-19-0018.1.
Research Highlight

Tridon F, C Planche, K MROZ, S Banson, A Battaglia, J Van Baelen, and W Wobrock. 2019. "On the realism of the rain microphysics representation of a squall line in the WRF model. Part I: Evaluation with multi-frequency cloud radar Doppler spectra observations." Monthly Weather Review, 147(8), 10.1175/MWR-D-18-0018.1.

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