ebbr > Energy Balance Bowen Ratio StationInstrument Type(s) > Baseline

The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the surface. The EBBR calculates flux estimates from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity. Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

Measurements

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

2021

Zhu W, J Wei, H Xiu, S Jia, and A Lv. 2021. "Coupled and continuous estimation of soil moisture and evaporative fraction within the remotely sensed surface temperature-vegetation index framework." Journal of Hydrology, 592, 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2020.125827.

2020

Zhang C, S Xie, and C Tao. 2020. ARM Data-Oriented Metrics and Diagnostics Package for Climate Model Evaluation. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-202.

Serra Y, A Rowe, D Adams, and G Kiladis. 2020. "Kelvin Waves during GOAmazon and Their Relationship to Deep Convection." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77(10), 10.1175/JAS-D-20-0008.1.
Research Highlight

Tang S, S Xie, and M Zhang. 2020. Description of the Three-Dimensional Large-Scale Forcing Data from the 3D Constrained Variational Analysis (VARANAL3D). Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM user facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-253.

Vargas Zeppetello L, D Battisti, and M Baker. 2020. "A New Look at the Variance of Summertime Temperatures over Land." Journal of Climate, 33(13), 10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0887.1.

Abdolghafoorian A and L Farhadi. 2020. "LIDA: a Land Integrated Data Assimilation Framework for Mapping Land Surface Heat and Evaporative Fluxes by Assimilating Space‐Borne Soil Moisture and Land Surface Temperature." Water Resources Research, 56(8), e2020WR027183, 10.1029/2020WR027183.

Williams I, J Lee, J Tadić, Y Zhang, and H Chu. 2020. "Modeling spatial heterogeneity in surface turbulent heat flux in the US Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125(13), e2019JD032255, 10.1029/2019JD032255.
Research Highlight

Qiu S and I Williams. 2020. "Observational evidence of state‐dependent positive and negative land‐surface feedback on afternoon deep convection over the Southern Great Plains." Geophysical Research Letters, 47(5), e2019GL06622, 10.1029/2019GL086622.
Research Highlight

Gustafson W, A Vogelmann, Z Li, X Cheng, K Dumas, S Endo, K Johnson, B Krishna, T Toto, and H Xiao. 2020. "The Large-Eddy Simulation (LES) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Symbiotic Simulation and Observation (LASSO) Activity for Continental Shallow Convection." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(4), 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0065.1.
Research Highlight

2019

Lu Y, S Steele-Dunne, and G De Lannoy. 2019. "Improving soil moisture and surface turbulent heat flux estimates by assimilation of SMAP brightness temperatures or soil moisture retrievals and GOES land surface temperature retrievals." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 21(2), 10.1175/JHM-D-19-0130.1.


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