Arctic industrial aerosol particles impact clouds
de Boer, Gijs — University of Colorado
Maahn, Maximilian — Leipzig University
Area of research:
This work demonstrates that the particles emitted by anthropogenic industrial activities in the Arctic impact the properties of clouds locally.
As industrial activity in the Arctic increases, this work supports understanding of the potential influence of such increases on climatically important cloud properties such as reflectivity and cloud droplet size.
This study gives a first estimate on the types of cloud perturbations that might be possible in the future in other industrialized regions of the Arctic. In a future warmer, more easily accessible Arctic, industrial activities are expected to increase, potentially leading to rising local-source aerosol concentrations. Assuming that industrial emissions related to oil extraction produce higher emission than other anthropogenic activities in the Arctic, this study provides an upper boundary for microphysical and radiative effects related to localized pollution. Additional work is required to fully understand the impact of localized pollution on the ice phase of liquid-containing clouds. Specific findings include that for liquid and mixed-phase clouds, liquid effective radius is reduced in the Prudhoe Bay by up to 1.0 µm when averaging over the full data set. For individual cases, the reduction can be larger. Changes in cloud frequency of occurrence and liquid water path are thought to be small (<2% and <5 g m-2, respectively), as they are overshadowed by local spatial gradients associated with the coastline. These impacts combine to increase upwelling radiation by approximately 0.79 W m-2 between April and September.