International H2O Project (IHOP)

13 May 2002 - 25 June 2002

Lead Scientist: Randy Peppler

Observatory: sgp, sgp

The International H2O Project (IHOP) sought to map out the 4-D distribution of water vapor over the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The project occured over the SGP site from May 13 to June 25, 2002. The project was focused on precipitating convective clouds with four overlapping and co-coordinated research components aimed at the following:

  1. improving the understanding and prediction of convective initiation,
  2. improving the measurement and treatment of surface and boundary layer processes as they relate to the formation and evolution of convective clouds,
  3. determining the impact of improved characterization of the water vapor field on quantitative precipitation forecasts, and
  4. providing guidance on the future optimal mix of water vapor measurement and assimilation strategies.

The project included additional surface-based measurements over southern Kansas and Oklahoma, targeted mobile facilities, and up to six research aircraft each equipped with advanced water-vapor measurement systems. The project had interagency approval under the U.S. Weather Research Program and included investigators from DOE, NASA, NCAR, NOAA, Office of Army Research, France, Germany, Canada and the U.S. university community. The project was also considered a pre-TIMEX field initiative (the NOAA/NSSL Thunderstorm Initiation Mobile Experiment Campaign).

2019

Parsons D, K Haghi, K Halbert, B Elmer, and J Wang. 2019. "The Potential Role of Atmospheric Bores and Gravity Waves in the Initiation and Maintenance of Nocturnal Convection over the Southern Great Plains." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 76(1), 10.1175/JAS-D-17-0172.1.

2017

Haghi K, D Parsons, and A Shapiro. 2017. "Bores Observed during IHOP_2002: The Relationship of Bores to the Nocturnal Environment." Monthly Weather Review, 145(10), 10.1175/MWR-D-16-0415.1.

Blumberg WG, TJ Wagner, DD Turner, and J Correia. 2017. "Quantifying the Accuracy and Uncertainty of Diurnal Thermodynamic Profiles and Convection Indices Derived from the Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 56(10), 10.1175/JAMC-D-17-0036.1.

2014

Kumar A, F Chen, M Barlage, MB Ek, and D Niyogi. 2014. "Assessing Impacts of Integrating MODIS Vegetation Data in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Coupled to Two Different Canopy-Resistance Approaches." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53(6), 10.1175/jamc-d-13-0247.1.

2012

Charusombat U, D Niyogi, S Garrigues, A Olioso, O Marloie, M Barlage, F Chen, M Ek, X Wang, and Z Wu. 2012. "Noah-GEM and Land Data Assimilation System (LDAS) based downscaling of global reanalysis surface fields: Evaluations using observations from a CarboEurope agricultural site." Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 86, 10.1016/j.compag.2011.12.001.

2011

Zhang L and Z Pu. 2011. "Four-dimensional assimilation of multi-time wind profiles over a single station and numerical simulation of a mesoscale convective system observed during IHOP_2002." Monthly Weather Review, 139(11), 3569, 10.1175/2011mwr3569.1.

2010

Kumar A, F Chen, D Niyogi, JG Alfieri, M Ek, and K Mitchell. 2010. "Evaluation of a Photosynthesis-Based Canopy Resistance Formulation in the Noah Land-Surface Model." Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 138(2), 10.1007/s10546-010-9559-z.

Reen BP and DR Stauffer. 2010. "Data Assimilation Strategies in the Planetary Boundary Layer." Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 137(2), 10.1007/s10546-010-9528-6.

2009

Champollion C, C Flamant, O Bock, F Masson, DD Turner, and T Weckworth. 2009. "Mesoscale GPS tomography applied to the 12 June 2002 convective initiation event of IHOP_2002." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135(640), 10.1002/qj.386.

2007

Zeng X, WK Tao, M Zhang, C Peters-Lidard, J Simpson, S Kumar, S Xie, JL Eastman, and C Shie. 2007. "Evaluating Clouds in Long-Term Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations with Observational Data." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 64(12), 10.1175/2007jas2170.1.


View All Related Publications

Campaign Data Sets

IOP Participant Data Source Name Final Data
Janet Machol miniature water vapor DIAL Order Data
David Turner Scanning Raman Lidar Order Data