27 September 2004 - 21 October 2004

Lead Scientist: Edwin Eloranta

Observatory: nsa, nsa

The HSRL provided calibrated vertical profiles of optical depth, backscatter cross section and depoloarization at a wavelength of 532 nm. Profiles were acquired at 2.5 second intervals with 7.5 meter resolution. Profiles extended from an altitude of 100 m to 30 km in clear air. The lidar penetrated to a maximum optical depth of ~ 4 under cloudy conditions. Our data contributed directly to the aims of the M-PACE experiment, providing calibrated optical depth and optical backscatter measurements which were not available from any other instrument.



roeder L. 2016. Research Highlights from the ARM Climate Research Facility. RH-1002.

Riihimaki LD, JM Comstock, KK Anderson, and A Holmes. 2016. "A path towards uncertainty assignment in an operational cloud-phase algorithm from ARM vertically pointing active sensors." Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography, 2(1), 10.5194/ascmo-2-49-2016.


de Boer G, H Morrison, MD Shupe, and R Hildner. 2011. "Evidence of liquid dependent ice nucleation in high-latitude stratiform clouds from surface remote sensors." Geophysical Research Letters, 38(1), L01803, 10.1029/2010gl046016.
Research Highlight


de Boer G, T Hashino, and GJ Tripoli. 2010. "Ice nucleation through immersion freezing in mixed-phase stratiform clouds: Theory and numerical simulations." Atmospheric Research, 96(2-3), 10.1016/j.atmosres.2009.09.012.

Rambukkange M, J Verlinde, E Eloranta, C Flynn, and E Clothiaux. 2010. "Using Doppler spectra to separate hydrometeor populations and analyze ice precipitation in multilayered mixed-phase clouds." IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 8(1), 10.1109/lgrs.2010.2052781.


Shupe MD, JS Daniel, G DeBoer, EW Eloranta, P Kollias, E Luke, CN Long, DD Turner, and J Verlinde. 2008. "A Focus on Mixed-Phase Clouds." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89(10), 10.1175/2008bams2378.1.

Turner DD and EW Eloranta. 2008. "Validating Mixed-Phase Cloud Optical Depth Retrieved From Infrared Observations With High Spectral Resolution Lidar." IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 5(2), 10.1109/lgrs.2008.915940.

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Campaign Data Sets

IOP Participant Data Source Name Final Data
Edwin Eloranta HSR Lidar Order Data