To explore research questions beyond those addressed by ARM’s fixed atmospheric observatories in Alaska, Oklahoma, and the Azores, scientists can propose a field campaign to use one of three ARM mobile facilities (AMF) to collect atmospheric and climate data from under-sampled regions around the world.

Each AMF is designed to operate in any environment—from the cold of the Arctic to the heat of the tropics—for campaigns typically lasting about a year. The third ARM Mobile Facility (AMF3), which is currently on an extended deployment at Oliktok Point, Alaska, will soon move to the Southeastern United States.

AMF GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS BY FACILITY

Note: D = Diagnostic Data Product, F = ARM Aerial Facility, M = Mobile Facility, S = Supplemental Facility, and X = External Data/Facility

Observatory Facility Locations at a Glance

ACAPEX (ARM Cloud Aerosol Precip Experiment); Mobile Facility

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
ACAPEX; Gulfstream 159 Aircraft
(Removed: 2015-02-27)
ACX F1 590 m 38.67979 N
121.40059 W
Off the Coast of California - NOAA Ship Ronald H. Brown; AMF2
(Removed: 2015-02-12)
ACX M1 0 m 0 S
0 W
Ocean/Bay
ACX Supplemental Facility 1
(Removed: 2015-02-12)
ACX S1 0 m 0 S
0 W
Ocean/Bay
ACX Supplemental Facility 2
(Removed: 2015-02-12)
ACX S2 0 m 0 S
0 W
Ocean/Bay

AWARE (ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
McMurdo Station Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica; AMF2
(Removed: 2017-01-13)
AWR M1 76 m 77.85011 S
166.73011 E
Ice and Bedrock
West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS), Antarctica; Supplemental Site
(Removed: 2016-01-19)
AWR S1 1804 m 79.468 S
112.086 W
Ice and Bedrock

Andenes, Norway; Cold-air Outbreaks in Marine BL Exp (COMBLE)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Andenes, Norway; AMF1 (main site for COMBLE)
(Removed: 2020-05-31)
ANX M1 2 m 69.141281 N
15.684166 E
Awaiting information
Andenes, Norway; supplemental facility at main site
(Removed: 2020-05-31)
ANX S1 2 m 69.14128 N
15.684166 E
Awaiting information
Bear Island, Norway, BJORNOYA, WMO 01028, between Andenes and Svalbard
(Removed: 2020-05-31)
ANX S2 18 m 74.503555 N
19.002316 E
Awaiting information
ENAN Station, WMO 01010, Met Norway autosonde launch
(Removed: 2020-06-01)
ANX S3 8 m 69.315253 N
16.130717 E
Awaiting information

Ascension Island, South Atlantic Ocean; Mobile Facility (LASIC)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Ascension Island, South Atlantic Ocean; AMF1
(Removed: 2017-11-01)
ASI M1 341 m 7.96696 S
14.34981 W
Volcanic Remnant
Airport Site, Ascension Island, South Atlantic Ocean; Supplemental Site
(Removed: 2017-10-30)
ASI S1 76 m 7.96972 S
14.40538 W
Ascension Island, South Atlantic Ocean; Collocated Instruments
(Removed: 2017-10-25)
ASI S2 341 m 7.96696 S
14.34981 W
Volcanic Remnant

Black Forest, Germany; Mobile Facility (COPS)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Black Forest, Germany
(Removed: 2008-01-03)
FKB M1 511 m 48.5401 N
8.3968 E
Forest
Black Forest, Germany - Ancillary
(Removed: 1900-01-01)
FKB S1 0 m 48.5401 N
8.3968 E
Forest

Cape Cod, MA, USA; Mobile Facility (TCAP)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF1
(Removed: 2013-06-30)
PVC M1 43 m 42.0305 N
70.0493 W
Sand, beach grasses, heath, white cedar, red maple, pitch pine, beech
Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; MAOS
(Removed: 2013-06-30)
PVC S1 43 m 42.0305 N
70.0493 W
Sand, beach grasses, heath, white cedar, red maple, pitch pine, beech

Cordoba, Argentina; Mobile Facility (CACTI)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Cordoba, Argentina; Gulfstream 159 Aircraft
(Removed: 2019-04-30)
COR F1 424 m 33.09273911 S
64.27000427 W
Cordoba, Argentina; AMF1 (main site for CACTI)
(Removed: 2019-04-30)
COR M1 1141 m 32.12641 S
64.72837 W
Foothills
Cordoba, Argentina; BBSS sonde (at airport)
(Removed: 2019-04-30)
COR S1 567 m 31.95116 S
65.14851 W
Foothills
Cordoba, Argentina; AWS1 (half way)
(Removed: 2019-04-30)
COR S2 1923 m 32.06692 S
64.688155 W
Cordoba, Argentina; AWS2 (top of ridge)
(Removed: 2019-04-30)
COR S3 256 m 32.05073 S
64.92722 W
Cordoba, Argentina; Stereo Photogrammetry (stereocam A and B)
(Removed: 2019-04-30)
COR S4 1108 m 32.12738 S
64.71392 W

Gan Island, Maldives; Mobile Facility (AMIE-GAN)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Gan Airport, Gan Island, Maldives; AMF2
(Removed: 2012-04-09)
GAN M1 1 m 0.690368 S
73.1501 E
Sand, Ocean
Wharf site, Gan Island, Maldives
(Removed: 2012-02-08)
GAN S1 1 m 0.63043 S
73.1029 E
Sand, Ocean
Spit site, Gan island, Maldives
(Removed: 2012-03-31)
GAN S2 0 m 0 S
0 W

Ganges Valley, India; Mobile Facility (GVAX)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India; AMF1
(Removed: 2012-03-31)
PGH M1 1936 m 29.3594 N
79.4581 E
Sparse vegetation
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
(Removed: 2012-03-31)
PGH S1 0 m 0 S
0 W
Sparse vegetation

Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal; Mobile Facility (CAP-MBL)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal; AMF1
(Removed: 2011-01-06)
GRW M1 26 m 39.0911 N
28.0297 W
Volcanic Soil

Hyytiala, Finland; Mobile Facility (BAECC)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
U. of Helsinki Research Station (SMEAR II), Hyytiala, Finland; AMF2
(Removed: 2014-09-30)
TMP M1 179 m 61.843 N
24.288 E
Forest
U. of Helsinki Research Station (SMEAR II), Hyytiala, Finland; AOS
(Removed: 2014-09-30)
TMP S1 179 m 61.846 N
24.295 E
Forest

Los Alamos; Mobile Aerosol Observing System

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Los Alamos National Laboratory
(Removed: 2012-05-31)
LAM M1 0 m 35.8441 N
106.2872 W
Ponderosa pine trees, sagebrush, Gambrel's oak, wild rose

MAGIC (Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds); Mobile Facility

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Los Angeles, CA to Honolulu, HI - container ship Horizon Spirit; AMF2
(Removed: 2013-09-30)
MAG M1 0 m 0 S
0 W
Ocean
MAG Supplemental Facility 1
(Removed: 2013-09-26)
MAG S1 0 m 0 S
0 W
Ocean
MAG Supplemental Facility 2
(Removed: 2013-09-30)
MAG S2 0 m 0 S
0 W

MARCUS (Shipboard Southern Ocean Campaign); Mobile Facility

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Hobart, AUS to Antarctic Coast - resupply ship Aurora Australis; AMF2
(Removed: 2018-04-01)
MAR M1 0 m 42.88211 S
147.3425 E
Ocean
MAR Supplemental Facility 1
(Removed: 2018-04-01)
MAR S1 0 m 42.88211 S
147.3425 E
Ocean
MAR Supplemental Facility 2
(Removed: 2017-12-07)
MAR S2 0 m 42.88211 S
147.3425 E
Ocean

MOSAIC (Drifting Obs - Study of Arctic Climate); Mobile Facility

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
MOSAIC (Drifting Obs - Study of Arctic Climate); AMF2 MOS M1 12 m 86.619 N
118.1129 E
Awaiting information
Supplemental Facility 1, located on the port side of ship MOS S1 12 m 86.619 N
118.1129 E
Awaiting information
Supplemental Facility 2, located on the starboard side of ship MOS S2 12 m 86.619 N
118.1129 E
Awaiting information
Collocated Instruments on ice MOS S3 0 m 86.619 N
118.1129 E
Awaiting information

Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil; Mobile Facility (GOAMAZON)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil; AMF1
(Removed: 2015-12-31)
MAO M1 50 m 3.21297 S
60.5981 W
Tropical Forest
Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil; MAOS
(Removed: 2015-12-01)
MAO S1 50 m 3.21297 S
60.5981 W
Tropical Forest
Iranduba, Amazonas, Brazil; Supplemental Site
(Removed: 2015-12-31)
MAO S2 18 m 3.16611 S
60.08621 W
Tropical Forest
Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil; AAF
(Removed: 2015-12-31)
MAO S3 72 m 3.03862 S
60.04654 W
Tropical Forest
Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil; Supplemental Site
(Removed: 2015-12-01)
MAO S10 50 m 3.21297 S
60.5981 W
Tropical Forest

Niamey, Niger; Mobile Facility (RADAGAST)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Niamey, Niger
(Removed: 2007-01-08)
NIM M1 223 m 13.4773 N
2.1758 E
Desert, Cultivated Land
Niamey, Niger-Ancillary
(Removed: 2006-12-08)
NIM S1 228 m 13.522 N
2.63235 E
Desert, Cultivated Land

Oliktok Point, Alaska, USA; Mobile Facility

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Oliktok Point, Alaska; Gulfstream 159 Aircraft OLI F1 2 m 70.496347 N
149.881568 W
Tundra
DataHawk Unmanned Aerial System OLI F3 2 m 70.496347 N
149.881568 W
Awaiting information
ArcticShark Unmanned Aerial System OLI F4 2 m 70.4957568 N
149.8846464 W
Awaiting information
Oliktok Point, Alaska; AMF3 OLI M1 2 m 70.495 N
149.886 W
Tundra
Oliktok Point, Alaska; Supplemental Site OLI S1 2 m 70.495 N
149.886 W
Tundra
DataHawk Unmanned Aerial System OLI U1 0 m 0 S
0 W
Awaiting information
ArcticShark Unmanned Aerial System OLI U2 2 m 70.4957568 N
149.8846464 W
Awaiting information

Point Reyes CA, USA; Mobile Facility (MASRAD)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Point Reyes, CA
(Removed: 2005-09-15)
PYE M1 24 m 38.092 N
122.956 W
Coastal (shrubland and grassland)

Shouxian, Anhui, China; Mobile Facility

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Shouxian, Anhui, China
(Removed: 2008-12-28)
HFE M1 23 m 32.5584 N
116.782 E
Agriculture
Tai Hu (lake), Zhejiang/Jiangsu, China; Supplemental
(Removed: 2008-12-13)
HFE S1 7 m 31.4208 N
120.215 E
Lakefront

Steamboat Springs CO, USA; Mobile Facility (STORMVEX)

Facility Name Site Code Facility Code Elevation (m) Lat/Lon Surface Type
Steamboat Springs CO, Valley Site; AMF2
(Removed: 2011-04-30)
SBS M1 2078 m 40.4622 N
106.817 W
Snow, ice and forest
Steamboat Springs CO, Thunderhead Lodge
(Removed: 2011-04-30)
SBS S1 2759 m 40.4542 N
106.773 W
Snow, ice and forest
Steamboat Springs CO, Christie Peak
(Removed: 2011-04-30)
SBS S2 2440 m 40.4546 N
106.787 W
Snow, ice and forest