swats: Soil Water and Temperature System

The Soil Water and Temperature System (SWATS) is designed to make hourly measurements of the soil temperature, soil water potential, and fractional water content of the soil at two profiles of eight depths at SGP Extended Facilities only.

SWATS systems were installed at all of the ARM Southern Great Plains Extended Facilities, except Okmulgee EF21. The SWATS systems were replaced with the STAMP systems in late 2015.

Measurements

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications

2018

Cook DR. 2018. Soil Water and Temperatures System (SWATS) Instrument Handbook. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. ARM TR-063.

Morcrette C, K Van Weverberg, H Ma, M Ahlgrimm, E Bazile, L Berg, A Cheng, F Cheruy, J Cole, R Forbes, W Gustafson, M Huang, W Lee, Y Liu, L Mellul, W Merryfield, Y Qian, R Roehrig, Y Wang, S Xie, K Xu, C Zhang, S Klein, and J Petch. 2018. "Introduction to CAUSES: Description of Weather and Climate Models and Their Near-Surface Temperature Errors in 5 day Hindcasts Near the Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(5), doi:10.1002/2017JD027199.

2017

Phillips T, S Klein, H Ma, Q Tang, S Xie, I Williams, J Santanello, D Cook, and M Torn. 2017. "Using ARM Observations to Evaluate Climate Model Simulations of Land-Atmosphere Coupling on the U.S. Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(21), doi:10.1002/2017JD027141.

Zhang C and S Xie. 2017. ARM Data-Oriented Metrics and Diagnostics Package for Climate Model Evaluation Value-Added Product. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-202.

Cook DR. 2017. Soil Water and Temperature System Instrument Handbook. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-063.

Zhu W, A Lv, S Jia, and L Sun. 2017. "Development and evaluation of the MTVDI for soil moisture monitoring." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(11), 10.1002/2017JD026607.

Cook D and A Theisen. 2017. SWATS: Diurnal Trends in the Soil Temperature Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-193.

Bagley J, L Kueppers, D Billesbach, I Williams, S Biraud, and M Torn. 2017. "The influence of land cover on surface energy partitioning and evaporative fraction regimes in the US Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(11), 10.1002/2017JD026740.

2015

Ma H, C Chuang, SA Klein, M Lo, Y Zhang, S Xie, X Zheng, P Ma, Y Zhang, and TJ Phillips. 2015. "An improved hindcast approach for evaluation and diagnosis of physical processes in global climate models." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7(4), 10.1002/2015ms000490.

2014

Ford TW, CO Wulff, and SM Quiring. 2014. "Assessment of observed and model-derived soil moisture-evaporative fraction relationships over the United States Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(11), 10.1002/2014jd021490.


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