smos: Surface Meteorological Observation System Instruments for SGP

The Surface Meteorological Observation System (SMOS) mostly uses conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute, 30-minute, and 1440-minute (daily) averages of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity (RH), barometric pressure, and precipitation at the Central Facility and many of the extended facilities of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) climate research site. The SMOSs are not calibrated as systems. The sensors and the data logger (which includes the analog-to-digital converter, or A/D) are calibrated separately. All systems are installed using components that have a current calibration. SMOSs have not been installed at extended facilities located within about 10 km of existing surface meteorological stations, such as those of the Oklahoma Mesonet.

The Surface Meteorological Observation Systems are used to create climatology for each particular location, and to verify the output of numerical weather forecast and other model output. They are also used to “ground-truth” other remote sensing equipment.

Measurements

Locations

  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications

2017

Phillips T, S Klein, H Ma, Q Tang, S Xie, I Williams, J Santanello, D Cook, and M Torn. 2017. "Using ARM Observations to Evaluate Climate Model Simulations of Land-Atmosphere Coupling on the U.S. Southern Great Plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(21), doi:10.1002/2017JD027141.
Research Highlight

Zhang C and S Xie. 2017. ARM Data-Oriented Metrics and Diagnostics Package for Climate Model Evaluation Value-Added Product. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-TR-202.

Zhu W, A Lu, S Jia, J Yan, and R Mahmood. 2017. "Retrievals of all-weather daytime air temperature from MODIS products." Remote Sensing of Environment, 189, 10.1016/j.rse.2016.11.011.

2015

Klein PM, TA Bonin, JF Newman, DD Turner, PB Chilson, CE Wainwright, WG Blumberg, S Mishra, M Carney, EP Jacobsen, S Wharton, and RK Newsom. 2015. "LABLE: A Multi-Institutional, Student-Led, Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(10), 10.1175/bams-d-13-00267.1. ONLINE.

2014

Maseyk K, JA Berry, D Billesbach, JE Campbell, MS Torn, M Zahniser, and U Seibt. 2014. "Sources and sinks of carbonyl sulfide in an agricultural field in the Southern Great Plains." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(25), 10.1073/pnas.1319132111.
Research Highlight

Phillips TJ and SA Klein. 2014. "Land-atmosphere coupling manifested in warm-season observations on the U.S. southern great plains." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(2), 10.1002/2013jd020492.
Research Highlight

2013

Segele ZT, LM Leslie, and PJ Lamb. 2013. "Weather Research and Forecasting Model simulations of extended warm-season heavy precipitation episode over the U.S. Southern Great Plains: Data assimilation and microphysics sensitivity experiments." Tellus A, 65, 19599, 10.3402/tellusa.v65i0.19599.

de Boer G, SE Bauer, T Toto, S Menon, and AM Vogelmann. 2013. "Evaluation of aerosol-cloud interaction in the GISS ModelE using ARM observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(12), 10.1002/jgrd.50460.

Qian Y, MY Huang, B Yang, and LK Berg. 2013. "A Modeling Study of Irrigation Effects on Surface Fluxes and Land–Air–Cloud Interactions in the Southern Great Plains." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14(3), 10.1175/jhm-d-12-0134.1.
Research Highlight

Zhang Y and SA Klein. 2013. "Factors Controlling the Vertical Extent of Fair-Weather Shallow Cumulus Clouds over Land: Investigation of Diurnal-Cycle Observations Collected at the ARM Southern Great Plains Site." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(4), 10.1175/jas-d-12-0131.1.
Research Highlight


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