The TWP Surface Meteorology station (SMET) uses mainly conventional in situ sensors to obtain 1-minute statistics of surface wind speed, wind direction, air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure and rainfall amount. The SMET sensors are mounted on a 10-meter mast, except for the rain gauge.
smet: Surface Meteorological Instruments for TWP
Chandra AS, C Zhang, SA Klein, and H Ma. 2015. "Low-cloud characteristics over the tropical western Pacific from ARM observations and CAM5 simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(17), 52402, 10.1002/2015jd023369.
Burleyson CD, CN Long, and JM Comstock. 2015. "Quantifying Diurnal Cloud Radiative Effects by Cloud Type in the Tropical Western Pacific." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 54(6), 10.1175/jamc-d-14-0288.1.
Ciesielski PE, Y Hungjui, RH Johnson, K Yoneyama, M Katsumata, CN Long, J Wang, SM Loehrer, K Young, SF Williams, W Brown, J Braun, and T VanHove. 2014. "Quality-Controlled Upper-Air Sounding Dataset for DYNAMO/CINDY/AMIE: Development and Corrections." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 31(4), 10.1175/jtech-d-13-00165.1.
Yoneyama K, C Zhang, and CN Long. 2013. "Tracking Pulses of the Madden–Julian Oscillation." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(12), 10.1175/bams-d-12-00157.1.
Protat A, SA Young, SA McFarlane, T L’Ecuyer, GG Mace, JM Comstock, CN Long, E Berry, and J Delanoë. 2013. "Reconciling ground-based and space-based estimates of the frequency of occurrence and radiative effect of clouds around Darwin, Australia." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 10.1175/jamc-d-13-072.1.
McFarlane SA, CN Long, and J Flaherty. 2013. "A Climatology of Surface Cloud Radiative Effects at the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Sites." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52(4), 10.1175/jamc-d-12-0189.1.
Del Genio AD, J Wu, and Y Chen. 2012. "Characteristics of Mesoscale Organization in WRF Simulations of Convection during TWP-ICE." Journal of Climate, 25(17), 5666, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00422.1.
May PT, CN Long, and A Protat. 2012. "The diurnal cycle of the boundary layer, convection, clouds, and surface radiation in a coastal monsoon environment (Darwin, Australia)." Journal of Climate, 25(15), 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00538.1.
Long CN and SA McFarlane. 2012. "Quantification of the impact of Nauru Island on ARM measurements." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51(3), 10.1175/jamc-d-11-0174.1.
Reda I, J Zeng, J Scheuch, L Hanssen, B Wilthan, D Myers, and T Stoffel. 2012. "An absolute cavity pyrgeometer to measure the absolute outdoor longwave irradiance with traceability to international system of units, SI." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 77(March 2012), 10.1016/j.jastp.2011.12.011.
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