rss: Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer

The Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) implements the same automated shadowbanding technique used by the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), and so it too provides spectrally resolved, direct-normal, diffuse-horizontal, and global-horizontal irradiances, and can be calibrated in situ via Langley regression. The irradiance spectra are measured simultaneously at all spectral elements (pixels) in the 360-nm to 1070-nm range.

RSS105 data between 5/10/2003 and 12/05/2007 are available from the ARM Data Center in netCDF format. The RSS105 data are lamp-calibrated irradiances. The accuracy of irradiances produced by the RSS is expected to be about ±5%, which includes calibration and instrument stability errors. Ninety-five percent uncertainties (±0.02) in aerosol optical depth (AOD) can be obtained using Langley regression.

Another data set using the refurbished RSS covers the period 8/26/2009 to 3/10/2014. These data have been processed for spectral irradiances, atmospheric transmissions, and aerosol optical depths, and the data are available in the archive.



  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications


Sun Z, A Liu, G Shi, and H Huang. 2017. "Parametrization of solar spectral irradiance between 300 and 1100 nm for photovoltaic devices." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 143(707), 10.1002/qj.3089.


Reda I, J Konings, and Y Xie. 2015. "A method to measure the broadband longwave irradiance in the terrestrial direct solar beam." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 129(July 2015), 10.1016/j.jastp.2015.04.003.


Li S and Q Min. 2013. "Retrievals of vertical profiles of stratus cloud properties from combined oxygen A-band and radar observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(2), 10.1029/2012jd018282.


McBride PJ, A Marshak, WJ Wiscombe, CJ Flynn, and AM Vogelmann. 2012. Assessing Spectral Shortwave Cloud Observations at the Southern Great Plains Facility. Presented at Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting. San Francisco, CA.


Li S and Q Min. 2011. Retrieval of Vertical Profiles of Stratus Cloud Properties from Combined Oxygen A-band and Radar Observations. Presented at Fall American Geophysical Union Meeting. San Francisco, CA.

Flynn C, J Barnard, D Hopkins, A Mendoza, D Nelson, R Norheim, L Rochette, A Lanouette, and M Gaudreau. 2011. Combining New and Legacy Instruments Yields Routine Measurements of Absolute Spectral Radiation Spanning the Thermal IR, Near-IR, Visible, and UV. Presented at 2nd Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science Team Meeting. San Antonio, TX.


Li S and Q Min. 2010. "Diagnosis of multilayer clouds using photon path length distributions." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 115(D20), D20202, 10.1029/2009jd013774.

Delamere J, J Michalsky, P Kiedron, C Flynn, M Eli, A Koontz, S McFarlene, and K Gaustad. 2010. Spectral Shortwave Radiative Closure Studies at SGP: Improved Treatment of Aerosol Properties. Presented at Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science Team Meeting.

Voyles JW. 2010. ARM Climate Research Facility Monthly Instrument Report. DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-10-006.7.

Stierle S and P Kiedron. 2010. RSS Overhaul and Redeployment at SGP in August 2009. Presented at Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science Team Meeting.

View All Related Publications