mmcr: Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar

The millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar has a Doppler capability that allows measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.



  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Kollias P, N Bharadwaj, E Clothiaux, K Lamer, M Oue, J Hardin, B Isom, I Lindenmaier, A Matthews, E Luke, S Giangrande, K Johnson, S Collis, J Comstock, and J Mather. 2019. "The ARM Radar Network: At the Leading-edge of Cloud and Precipitation Observations." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, , 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0288.1. ONLINE.

Fu S, X Deng, M Shupe, and H Xue. 2019. "A modelling study of the continuous ice formation in an autumnal Arctic mixed-phase cloud case." Atmospheric Research, 228, 10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.05.021.

Jia X, Y Liu, D Ding, X Ma, Y Chen, K Bi, P Tian, C Lu, and J Quan. 2019. "Combining disdrometer, microscopic photography, and cloud radar to study distributions of hydrometeor types, size and fall velocity." Atmospheric Research, 228, 10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.05.025.

Kollias P, B Puigdomènech Treserras, and A Protat. 2019. "Calibration of the 2007–2017 record of Atmospheric Radiation Measurements cloud radar observations using CloudSat." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12(9), 10.5194/amt-12-4949-2019.

Lim K, L Riihimaki, Y Shi, D Flynn, J Kleiss, L Berg, W Gustafson, Y Zhang, and K Johnson. 2019. "Long-term retrievals of cloud type and fair-weather shallow cumulus events at the ARM SGP site." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 36(10), 10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0215.1.

Tian J, X Dong, B Xi, C Williams, and P Wu. 2019. "Estimation of liquid water path below the melting layer in stratiform precipitation systems using radar measurements during MC3E." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12(7), 10.5194/amt-12-3743-2019.

Zheng X, B Xi, X Dong, T Logan, Y Wang, and P Wu. 2019. "Investigation of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions under Different Absorptive Aerosol Regimes using ARM SGP Ground-Based Measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, , 10.5194/acp-2019-478.


Chen X, X Huang, X Dong, B Xi, E Dolinar, N Loeb, S Kato, P Stackhouse, and M Bosilovich. 2018. "Using AIRS and ARM SGP Clear-Sky Observations to Evaluate Meteorological Reanalyses: A Hyperspectral Radiance Closure Approach." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(20), 10.1029/2018JD028850.

Kassianov E, EA Riley, JM Kleiss, L Riihimaki, CN Long, V Morris, and LK Berg. 2018. Shallow cumulus macrophysical properties at midcontinental US site: integrated multiyear active and passive observations. In 23th Remote SEnsing of Clouds and the Atmosphere. SPIE, Ed. by A Comeron, et al, Bellingham, WA: SPIE.

Qiu S, B Xi, and X Dong. 2018. "Influence of Wind Direction on Thermodynamic Properties and Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds in Autumn at Utqiaġvik, Alaska." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123(17), 10.1029/2018JD028631.

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