mmcr: Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar

The millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar has a Doppler capability that allows  measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.



  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications


Zhuang Y, R Fu, and H Wang. 2018. "How do environmental conditions influence vertical buoyancy structure and shallow-to-deep convection transition across different climate regimes?" Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, , 10.1175/JAS-D-17-0284.1. ONLINE.

Zhang Y, S Xie, S Klein, R Marchand, P Kollias, E Clothiaux, W Lin, K Johnson, D Swales, A Bodas-Salcedo, S Tang, J Haynes, S Collis, M Jensen, N Bharadwaj, J Hardin, and B Isom. 2018. "The ARM Cloud Radar Simulator for Global Climate Models: A New Tool for Bridging Field Data and Climate Models." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 99(1), 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0258.1.

Feng X, ES Posmentier, A Putman, A Faiia, K Everhart, and L Sonder. 2018. Sea Ice Effect on Arctic Precipitation Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE-SC/ARM-18-001.


Deng M, G Mace, Z Wang, F Li, and Y Luo. 2017. "Partitioning Ice Water Content from Retrievals and Its Application in Model Comparison." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, , 10.1175/JAS-D-17-0017.1. ONLINE.

Putman A, X Feng, E Posmentier, A Faiia, and L Sonder. 2017. "Testing a Novel Method for Initializing Air Parcel Back Trajectories in Precipitating Clouds Using Reanalysis Data." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 34(11), 10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0053.1.

Qiu Y, C Zhao, J Guo, and J Li. 2017. "8-Year ground-based observational analysis about the seasonal variation of the aerosol-cloud droplet effective radius relationship at SGP site." Atmospheric Environment, 164, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.06.002.

Stachlewska I, M Costa-Surós, and D Althausen. 2017. "Raman lidar water vapor profiling over Warsaw, Poland." Atmospheric Research, 194, 10.1016/j.atmosres.2017.05.004.

Zhao W, R Marchand, and Q FU. 2017. "The diurnal cycle of clouds and precipitation at the ARM SGP site: Cloud radar observations and simulations from the multiscale modeling framework." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122(14), 10.1002/2016JD026353.

Blanchard Y, A Royer, NT O'Neill, D Turner, and E Eloranta. 2017. "Thin ice clouds in the Arctic: cloud optical depth and particle size retrieved from ground-based thermal infrared radiometry." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 10(6), 10.5194/amt-10-2129-2017.

Liu Y, M Shupe, Z Wang, and G Mace. 2017. "Cloud vertical distribution from combined surface and space radar–lidar observations at two Arctic atmospheric observatories." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(9), 10.5194/acp-17-5973-2017.

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