mmcr: Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar

The millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar has a Doppler capability that allows measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.



  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Wang D, M Jensen, J D'Iorio, G Jozef, S Giangrande, K Johnson, Z Luo, M Starzec, and G Mullendore. 2020. "An Observational Comparison of Level of Neutral Buoyancy and Level of Maximum Detrainment in Tropical Deep Convective Clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, , 10.1029/2020JD032637. ONLINE.

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Hashino T, G de Boer, H Okamoto, and G Tripoli. 2020. "Relationships between immersion freezing and crystal habit for Arctic mixed-phase clouds – a numerical study." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77(7), 10.1175/JAS-D-20-0078.1.

Riley E, J Kleiss, L Riihimaki, C Long, L Berg, and E Kassianov. 2020. "Shallow cumuli cover and its uncertainties from ground-based lidar-radar data and sky images." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 13(4), 10.5194/amt-13-2099-2020.

Zheng X, B Xi, X Dong, T Logan, Y Wang, and P Wu. 2020. "Investigation of aerosol-cloud interactions under different absorptive aerosol regimes using Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) southern Great Plains (SGP) ground-based measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 20(6), 10.5194/acp-20-3483-2020.

Fielding M, S Schäfer, R Hogan, and R Forbes. 2020. "Parametrizing cloud geometry and its application in a subgrid cloud‐edge erosion scheme." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 146(729), 10.1002/qj.3758.


Dzambo A, M Hitchman, and K Chang. 2019. "The Influence of Gravity Waves on Ice Saturation in the Tropical Tropopause Layer over Darwin, Australia." Atmosphere, 10(12), 10.3390/atmos10120778.

Kollias P, N Bharadwaj, E Clothiaux, K Lamer, M Oue, J Hardin, B Isom, I Lindenmaier, A Matthews, E Luke, S Giangrande, K Johnson, S Collis, J Comstock, and J Mather. 2019. "The ARM Radar Network: At the Leading-edge of Cloud and Precipitation Observations." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 101(5), 10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0288.1.

Fu S, X Deng, M Shupe, and H Xue. 2019. "A modelling study of the continuous ice formation in an autumnal Arctic mixed-phase cloud case." Atmospheric Research, 228, 10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.05.021.

Jia X, Y Liu, D Ding, X Ma, Y Chen, K Bi, P Tian, C Lu, and J Quan. 2019. "Combining disdrometer, microscopic photography, and cloud radar to study distributions of hydrometeor types, size and fall velocity." Atmospheric Research, 228, 10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.05.025.

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