Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy

mmcr > Millimeter Wavelength Cloud RadarInstrument Type(s) > Baseline • External • Guest

The millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar has a Doppler capability that allows measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.


  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3


Dolinar E, J Campbell, J Marquis, A Garnier, and B Karpowicz. 2022. "Novel Parameterization of Ice Cloud Effective Diameter from Collocated CALIOP-IIR and CloudSat Retrievals." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 61(7), 10.1175/JAMC-D-21-0163.1.

Sterzinger L, J Sedlar, H Guy, R Neely III, and A Igel. 2022. "Do Arctic mixed-phase clouds sometimes dissipate due to insufficient aerosol? Evidence from comparisons between observations and idealized simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 22(13), 10.5194/acp-22-8973-2022.

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Wu P and M Ovchinnikov. 2022. "Cloud morphology evolution in Arctic cold‐air outbreak: two cases during COMBLE period." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127(10), e2021JD035966, 10.1029/2021JD035966.

Yang J, Y Zhang, Z Wang, and D Zhang. 2022. "Cloud Type and Life Stage Dependency of Liquid–Ice Mass Partitioning in Mixed-Phase Clouds." Remote Sensing, 14(6), 10.3390/rs14061431.

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