mmcr: Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar

The millimeter wavelength cloud radar (MMCR) systems probe the extent and composition of clouds at millimeter wavelengths. The MMCR is a zenith-pointing radar that operates at a frequency of 35 GHz. The main purpose of this radar is to determine cloud boundaries (e.g., bottoms and tops). This radar will also report radar reflectivity (dBZ) of the atmosphere up to 20 km. The radar has a Doppler capability that allows  measurement of cloud constituent vertical velocities.



  • Fixed
  • AMF1
  • AMF2
  • AMF3

Related Publications


Dzambo A and D Turner. 2016. "Characterizing relative humidity with respect to ice in midlatitude cirrus clouds as a function of atmospheric state." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(20), 10.1002/2015jd024643.

Bu L, H Pan, KR Kumar, X Huang, H Gau, X Liu, and D Kim. 2016. "Lidar and Millimeter-Wave Cloud Radar (MWCR) techniques for joint observations of cirrus in Shouxian (32.56n, 116.78e), China." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 148, 10.1016/j.jastp.2016.08.013.

Deng M, GG Mace, Z Wang, and E Berry. 2016. "CloudSat 2C-ICE product update with a new Z(e) parameterization in lidar-only region." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(23), 10.1002/2015jd023600.

Albrecht B, M Fang, and V Ghate. 2016. "Exploring Stratocumulus Cloud-Top Entrainment Processes and Parameterizations by Using Doppler Cloud Radar Observations." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73(2), 10.1175/jas-d-15-0147.1.

Wang Y, B Geerts, and Y Chen. 2016. "Vertical structure of boundary layer convection during cold-air outbreaks at Barrow, Alaska." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121(1), 10.1002/2015jd023506.


Chandra AS, C Zhang, SA Klein, and H Ma. 2015. "Low-cloud characteristics over the tropical western Pacific from ARM observations and CAM5 simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(17), 52402, 10.1002/2015jd023369.

Solomon A, G Feingold, and MD Shupe. 2015. "The role of ice nuclei recycling in the maintenance of cloud ice in Arctic mixed-phase stratocumulus." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(18), 10.5194/acp-15-10631-2015.

Qiu S, X Dong, B Xi, and F Li. 2015. "Characterizing Arctic mixed-phase cloud structure and its relationship with humidity and temperature inversion using ARM NSA observations." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 120(15), 10.1002/2014jd023022.

Carbajal Henken CK, L Doppler, R Lindstrot, R Preusker, and J Fischer. 2015. "Exploiting the sensitivity of two satellite cloud height retrievals to cloud vertical distribution." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(8), 10.5194/amt-8-3419-2015.

Shupe MD, DD Turner, A Zwink, MM Thieman, EJ Mlawer, and T Shippert. 2015. "Deriving Arctic Cloud Microphysics at Barrow, Alaska: Algorithms, Results, and Radiative Closure." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 54(7), 10.1175/jamc-d-15-0054.1.

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