Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility US Department of Energy

ARM Airborne Carbon Measurements (ARM-ACME V)

1 June 2015 - 15 September 2015

Lead Scientist: Sebastien Biraud

Observatory: AAF, Array

The ARM Aerial Facility Gulfstream-159 will alternate between four flights patterns, such as this one.
The ARM Aerial Facility Gulfstream-159 alternated between four flights patterns, such as this one.

Long-term airborne observations from the ARM Airborne Carbon Measurements (ARM-ACME) campaign and analysis of atmospheric trace gases in the Southern Great Plains contributed to research on regional carbon budgets, atmospheric dynamics, and satellite validation. Recently, the ARM-ACME project achieved the World Meteorological Organization precision goal of validated < 0.2 ppm precision for CO2, a first for airborne measurements. We continued our long-term airborne study of atmospheric composition and carbon cycling by conducting an exploratory campaign in the North Slope of Alaska (NSA).

Atmospheric temperatures are warming faster in the Arctic than predicted by climate models. The impact of this warming on permafrost degradation is not well understood, but it is projected to increase carbon decomposition and greenhouse gas production (CO2 and/or CH4) by arctic ecosystems. Airborne observations of atmospheric trace gases, aerosols, and cloud properties at the North Slope of Alaska are improving our understanding of global climate, with the goal of reducing the uncertainty in global and regional climate simulations and projections.

From June 1 through September 15, 2015, the ARM Aerial Facility deployed the Gulfstream-159 (G-1) research aircraft to fly over the North Slope of Alaska, with occasional vertical profiling to measure trace-gas concentrations between Prudhoe Bay, Oliktok Point, Barrow, Atqasuk, Ivotuk, and Toolik Lake. The aircraft payload included the Picarro and Los Gatos Research analyzers for continuous measurements of CO2, CH4, H2O, and CO, and N2O mixing ratios, and a 12-flask sampler for analysis of carbon-cycle gases (CO2, CO, CH4, N2O, 13CO2, 14CO2, carbonyl sulfide, and trace hydrocarbon species including ethane). The aircraft payload also included instruments for measuring aerosol properties (number size distribution, total number concentration, absorption, and scattering), cloud properties (droplet and ice size information), atmospheric thermodynamic state, and solar/infrared radiation.

This research, supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility and Terrestrial Ecosystem Science programs, built upon the results from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Carbon in Arctic Reservoirs Vulnerability Experiment missions (Miller et al. 2012), and the DOE Next-Generation Ecosystem Experiment Arctic project.


Margaret Torn


Maahn M, F Hoffmann, M Shupe, G de Boer, S Matrosov, and E Luke. 2019. "Can liquid cloud microphysical processes be used for vertically pointing cloud radar calibration?" Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 12(6), doi:10.5194/amt-12-3151-2019.
Research Highlight

Wood R, G Zhang, N Hickmon, M Jensen, S Klein, R Leung, D Mechem, and P Zuidema. 2019. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) User Facility ARM Mobile Facility Workshop Report. Ed. by Rolanda Jundt, Robert Stafford, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science. DOE/SC-0197.


Creamean J, M Maahn, G de Boer, A McComiskey, A Sedlacek, and Y Feng. 2018. "The influence of local oil exploration and regional wildfires on summer 2015 aerosol over the North Slope of Alaska." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 18(2), 10.5194/acp-18-555-2018.


Maahn M, G de Boer, J Creamean, G Feingold, G McFarquhar, W Wu, and F Mei. 2017. "The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(23), doi:10.5194/acp-17-14709-2017.
Research Highlight

Maahn M, G de Boer, J Creamean, G Feingold, G McFarquhar, W Wu, and F Mei. 2017. "The observed influence of local anthropogenic pollution on northern Alaskan cloud properties." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, , 10.5194/acp-2017-302.


Inoue M, I Morino, O Uchino, T Nakatsuru, Y Yoshida, T Yokota, D Wunch, PO Wennberg, CM Roehl, DW Griffith, V Velazco, NM Deutscher, T Warneke, J Notholt, J Robinson, V Sherlock, F Hase, T Blumenstock, M Rettinger, R Sussmann, E Kyro, R Kivi, K Shiomi, S Kawakami, M De Maziere, SG Arnold, DG Feist, EA Barrow, J Barney, M Dubey, M Schneider, LT Iraci, JR Podolske, PW Hillyard, T Machid, Y Sawa, K Tsuboi, H Matsueda, C Sweeney, PP Tans, AE Andrews, SC Biraud, Y Fukuyama, JV Pittman, EA Kort, and T Tanaka. 2016. "Bias Corrections of GOSAT SWIR XCO2 and XCH4 with TCCON Data and Their Evaluation Using Aircraft Measurement Data." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(8), 10.5194/amt-9-3491-2016.

Riihimaki LD, JM Comstock, KK Anderson, and A Holmes. 2016. "A path towards uncertainty assignment in an operational cloud-phase algorithm from ARM vertically pointing active sensors." Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography, 2(1), 10.5194/ascmo-2-49-2016.

Biraud SC. 2016. ACME-V Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-031.

Biraud SC. 2016. ARM-ACME V: ARM Airborne Carbon Measurements V on the North Slope of Alaska Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-031.

de Boer G, MD Ivey, B Schmid, S McFarlane, and R Petty. 2016. "Unmanned Platforms Monitor the Arctic Atmosphere." Eos, 97, 10.1029/2016eo046441.
Research Highlight

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Campaign Data Sets

IOP Participant Data Source Name Final Data
Sebastien Biraud Continuous Carbon Dioxide Order Data
Sebastien Biraud Flask Samplers for Carbon Cycle Gases and Isotopes Order Data
Duli Chand Particle Soot Absorption Photometer Order Data
Connor Flynn Nephelometer Order Data
John Hubbe Ambient Winds- AIMMS Order Data
Chuck Long Radiometer Suite (Tilt Corrected Data) Order Data
Alyssa Matthews Cloud Droplet Probe Order Data
Alyssa Matthews High Volume Precipitation Spectrometer Order Data
Alyssa Matthews High Volume Precipitation Spectrometer - Images Order Data
Alyssa Matthews Two Dimensional Stereo Probe - Images Order Data
Alyssa Matthews Video Order Data
Alyssa Matthews Water Content Monitor Order Data
Fan Mei 2DS Particle Imaging Probe Order Data
Fan Mei Cloud Particle Imager (CPI) Order Data
Fan Mei Condensation Particle Counter Order Data
Fan Mei Fast Cloud Droplet Probe (FCDP) Order Data
Fan Mei Meteorology/State/Position Parameters Order Data
Mikhail Pekour Optical Particle Counter - Isokinetic Order Data
Arthur Sedlacek Single Particle Soot Photometer Order Data
Stephen Springston Trace Gases Order Data
Jason Tomlinson Passive Cavity Aerosol Spectrometer Order Data
Jason Tomlinson Ultra High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer Order Data

Data Sources

Name Full Name Browse Data
AERI Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer Browse Data
AERINF AERI Noise Filtered Browse Data
AETH Aethalometer Browse Data
AIP Aerosol Intensive Properties Browse Data
AMC Ameriflux Measurement Component Browse Data
AOD Aerosol Optical Depth, derived from atmospheric extinction of solar irradiance Browse Data
AOP Aerosol Optical Properties Browse Data
AOS Aerosol Observing System Browse Data
AOSMET Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System Browse Data
ARMBE ARM Best Estimate Data Products Browse Data
CAMSITE camera that monitors a site area Browse Data
CAPS-PMEX Cavity Attenuated Phase Shift Extinction Monitor Browse Data
CCN Cloud Condensation Nuclei Particle Counter Browse Data
CEIL Ceilometer Browse Data
CEILPBLHT Boundary-layer height data with CEIL Browse Data
CLAP Continuous Light Absorption Photometer Browse Data
CO-ANALYZER Carbon Monoxide Analyzer Browse Data
CPC Condensation Particle Counter Browse Data
CSPHOT Cimel Sunphotometer Browse Data
DL Doppler Lidar Browse Data
DLPROF Doppler Lidar Profiles Browse Data
ECOR Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System Browse Data
GHG Greenhouse Gas Monitor Browse Data
GNDRAD Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation Browse Data
GVR G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer Browse Data
GVRP G-band (183 GHz) Vapor Radiometer Profiler Browse Data
HSRL High Spectral Resolution Lidar Browse Data
HTDMA Humidified Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer Browse Data
INTERPSONDE Interpolated Sonde Browse Data
IRT Infrared Thermometer Browse Data
KASACR Ka-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar Browse Data
KAZR Ka ARM Zenith Radar Browse Data
KAZRARSCL Active Remote Sensing of CLouds (ARSCL) product using Ka-band ARM Zenith Radars Browse Data
KAZRCOR KAZR Corrected Data Browse Data
LDIS Laser Disdrometer Browse Data
MAWS Automatic Weather Station Browse Data
MERGESONDE Merged Sounding Browse Data
MET Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Browse Data
MFR Multifilter Radiometer Browse Data
MFRSR Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Browse Data
MFRSRCLDOD Cloud Optical Properties from MFRSR Using Min Algorithm Browse Data
MMCR Millimeter Wavelength Cloud Radar Browse Data
MPL Micropulse Lidar Browse Data
MPLCMASK Cloud mask from Micropulse Lidar Browse Data
MWR Microwave Radiometer Browse Data
MWR3C Microwave Radiometer, 3 Channel Browse Data
MWRHF Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency Browse Data
MWRP Microwave Radiometer Profiler Browse Data
MWRRET MWR Retrievals Browse Data
MWRRETV2 MWR Retrievals with MWRRET Version 2 Browse Data
NEPHELOMETER Nephelometer Browse Data
NIMFR Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer Browse Data
NOAACRN NOAA Climate Reference Network Browse Data
NOAARAD NOAA/ESRL/GMD Radiometers Browse Data
NWSUPA National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements Browse Data
ORG Optical Rain Gauge Browse Data
OZONE Ozone Monitor Browse Data
PBLHT Planetary Boundary Layer Height Browse Data
PSAP Particle Soot Absorption Photometer Browse Data
QCECOR Quality Controlled Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement Browse Data
QCRAD Data Quality Assessment for ARM Radiation Data Browse Data
RADFLUXANAL Radiative Flux Analysis Browse Data
RL Raman Lidar Browse Data
RLPROF Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles Browse Data
RLPROFMR Raman Lidar Mixing Ratio Browse Data
RLPROFTEMP Raman Lidar Temperature VAP Browse Data
RWP Radar Wind Profiler Browse Data
SACRADVVAD SACR Advance Velocity Azimuth Display Browse Data
SEBS Surface Energy Balance System Browse Data
SKYRAD Sky Radiometers on Stand for Downwelling Radiation Browse Data
SONDE Balloon-Borne Sounding System Browse Data
SONDEADJUST Sonde Adjust Browse Data
SONDEGRID Gridded Sonde VAP Product Browse Data
SONICWIND ultrasonic wind sensor Browse Data
SURFSPECALB Surface Spectral Albedo Browse Data
TSI Total Sky Imager Browse Data
TWR Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation Browse Data
UHSAS Ultra-High Sensitivity Aerosol Spectrometer Browse Data
VISST Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm Browse Data
WSACR W-band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar Browse Data