Instrument : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR)

Instrument Categories
Cloud Properties

Picture of the X-band scanning ARM cloud radar

Note: All the Scanning ARM Cloud Radars have been technically accepted by ARM as meeting specification and each radar’s first data are available at this URL: http://www.archive.arm.gov/sacr/.

ARM's scanning cloud radars are fully coherent dual-frequency, dual-polarization Doppler radars mounted on a common scanning pedestal. Each pedestal includes a Ka-band radar (2kW peak power) and the deployment location determines whether the second radar is a W-band (1.7 kW peak power) or X-band (20 kW peak power). At ARM's tropical sites, X-band radars are paired with the Ka-band because they are better suited for the atmospheric attenuation in this region.

Beamwidth for the X-band is approximately 1 degree, and the Ka-band beamwidth is roughly 0.3 degrees. Due to the narrow antenna beamwidth, ARM’s scanning cloud radars utilize scanning strategies that are unlike typical weather radars. Rather than focusing on plan position indicator, or PPI, scans, the X-SACR will utilize range height indicator, or RHI, scans at numerous azimuths to obtain cloud volume data. For the second ARM Mobile Facility (AMF2), the X-SACR can be dismounted from the pedestal it shares with the Ka-SACR and mounted on a separate pedestal. This will allow the X-SACR to operate more like a weather (precipitation) radar in deployments where local weather radar coverage is lacking.

Measurements collected with the X-SACR are copolar and cross-polar radar reflectivity, Doppler velocity, spectra width and spectra when not scanning, differential Reflectivity (Zdr), correlation coefficient (rho-hv), and specific differential phase (phi-dp).

This represents a new capability for the ARM Facility.

Output Datastreams

  • xsacrawrhi : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Along-Wind RHI Scan
  • xsacrblrhi : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Boundary Layer RHI Scan
  • xsacrcwrhi : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Cross-Wind RHI Scan
  • xsacrhsrhi : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Hemispherical Sky RHI Scans (6 horizon-to-horizon scans at 30-degree azimuth intervals)
  • xsacrppi : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) PPI Scan
  • xsacrrhi : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) RHI Scans, which can vary in elevation range and azimuth
  • xsacrspeccmaskcopol : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar, filtered spectral data, co-polarized mode
  • xsacrspeccmaskxpol : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar, filtered spectral data, cross-polarized mode
  • xsacrvpt : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Vertically Pointing Scan
  • xsacrzppi : X-Band Scanning ARM Cloud Radar (XSACR) Zenith Pointing PPI

Primary Measurements

The following measurements are those considered scientifically relevant.

Locations

Tropical Western Pacific
TWPC3 Browse DataCentral Facility, Darwin, Australia retired
ARM Mobile Facility
GANS1 Browse DataWharf site, Gan Island, Maldives retired
TMPM1 Browse DataU. of Helsinki Research Station (SMEAR II), Hyytiala, Finland; AMF2
 retired = Originating instrument has been retired at this location

Contact(s)

Nitin Bharadwaj
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
(509) 372-4267
nitin@pnnl.gov

Dan Nelson
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
associate
(509) 375-6895
danny.nelson@pnnl.gov

Joseph Hardin
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
associate
(509) 375-2664
joseph.hardin@pnnl.gov

Iosif (Andrei) Lindenmaier
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
associate
(509) 375--6802
iosif.lindenmaier@pnnl.gov

Bradley Isom
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
associate
1-509-372-4917
bradley.isom@pnnl.gov

Karen Johnson
Brookhaven National Laboratory
data analysis
(631) 344-5952
kjohnson@bnl.gov