DOI Guidance for ARM Facility Datastreams

Introduction

In order to make it possible for scientists to cite ARM Climate Research Facility data in their publications, the ARM Data Archive created Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) at the ARM data product level.

As an example: for Balloon-borne sounding system (SONDEWNPN) measurements, DOIs were assigned for each of the available output datastreams and also for the VAP datastreams, creating approximately 15 DOIs when all sites are considered. To illustrate, the DOI for lblsonde is http://dx.doi.org/10.5439/1027293 or doi: 10.5439/1027293. This DOI resolves to the datastream web page at http://www.arm.gov/data/vaps/lbl/lblsonde.

The same approach will be followed for all the routine ARM datastreams. A similar strategy will be applied for most of the field campaign data when DOIs are linked to the PI-instrument subdirectories. The process of assigning DOIs is ongoing, so all data products may not currently have DOIs.

Citation Guidance

Data citation is a relatively new practice, and there is currently no single agreed-upon set of guidelines. In addition, ARM data sets pose some challenges that do not exist with other data sets, due to the existence of multiple long-term sites over periods of many years.

Several citation formats are possible using DOIs. The format may depend on the journal or publication requirements, but at a minimum, ARM encourages users to include ARM datastream DOIs with temporal and geospatial information and date accessed as part of the data citation.

As a general rule, ARM recommends the following format when citing ARM data:

  • Author
  • Original publication date
  • Update period, if applicable (daily, monthly, quarterly, yearly, etc.)
  • Datastream name
  • Dates used
  • Location accessed (latitude/longitude, site name, and facility identifier)
  • Editor(s) or compiler(s)
  • Publisher
  • Place of publication
  • Date accessed (critical for ARM data, as it determines which version of the data was accessed)
  • DOI

Citation Examples

  1. Single datastream, single site, single data range:
  2. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. 1994, updated daily. Balloon-borne sounding system (SONDEWNPN). Oct. 2010–March 2011, 36° 36' 18.0" N, 97° 29' 6.0" W: Southern Great Plains Central Facility (C1). Compiled by R Coulter, J Prell, M Ritsche, and D Holdridge. ARM Data Archive: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Data set accessed 2011-04-13 at http://dx.doi.org/10.5439/1021460.

  3. Single datastream, single site, multiple date ranges:
  4. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. 1994, updated daily. Balloon-borne sounding system (SONDEWNPN). Oct. 2008–March 2008, Oct. 2009–March 2009, Oct. 2010–March 2011, 36° 36' 18.0" N, 97° 29' 6.0" W: Southern Great Plains Central Facility (C1). Compiled by R Coulter, J Prell, M Ritsche, and D Holdridge. ARM Data Archive: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Data set accessed 2011-04-13 at http://dx.doi.org/10.5439/1021460.

  5. Single datastream, multiple sites, single date range:
  6. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. 1994, updated daily. Balloon-borne sounding system (SONDEWNPN). Oct. 2010–March 2011, 2° 3' 39.64" S, 147° 25' 31.43" E; 0° 31' 15.6" S, 166° 54' 57.60" E; 12° 25' 28.56" S, 130° 53' 29.75" E: Tropical Western Pacific C1, C2, C3. Compiled by R Coulter, J Prell, M Ritsche, and D Holdridge. ARM Data Archive: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Data set accessed 2011-04-13 at http://dx.doi.org/10.5439/1021460.

  7. Single datastream, single site, single data range, specific measurement extracted:
  8. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility. 1994, updated daily. Balloon-borne sounding system (SONDEWNPN). Oct. 2010–March 2011, 36° 36' 18.0" N, 97° 29' 6.0" W: Southern Great Plains Central Facility (C1), relative humidity. Compiled by R Coulter, J Prell, M Ritsche, and D Holdridge. ARM Data Archive: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Data set accessed 2011-04-13 at http://dx.doi.org/10.5439/1021460.

Alternate Format

If, for some reason, it is necessary to cite the datastream editors/compilers as the author, the following format is recommended:

Coulter, Richard, Jenni Prell, Michael Ritsche, and Donna Holdridge. 1994, updated daily. Balloon-borne sounding system (SONDEWNPN). Oct 2010–March 2011, 36° 36' 18.0" N, 97° 29' 6.0" W: Southern Great Plains Central Facility (C1). Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility Data Archive: Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Data set accessed 2011-04-13 at http://dx.doi.org/10.5439/1021460.