mergesonde: Merged Sounding VAP Type: Evaluation VAP

This value-added product (VAP) uses a combination of observations from radiosonde soundings, the microwave radiometer, surface meteorological instruments, and ECMWF model output with a sophisticated scaling/interpolation/smoothing scheme in order to define profiles of the atmospheric thermodynamic state. These profiles are calculated at one-minute time resolution and 266 vertical levels which vary such that greater detail (20 meters) is captured near the surface with the resolution becoming coarser (200 meters) as the maximum altitude - 20 km above mean sea level - is attained.


Data Details

Contact Scott Giangrande
Resource(s) Data Directory

Related Publications


Lamer K and P Kollias. 2015. "Observations of fair-weather cumuli over land: Dynamical factors controlling cloud size and cover." Geophysical Research Letters, 42(20), 10.1002/2015gl064534.

Shupe MD, DD Turner, A Zwink, MM Thieman, EJ Mlawer, and T Shippert. 2015. "Deriving Arctic Cloud Microphysics at Barrow, Alaska: Algorithms, Results, and Radiative Closure." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 54(7), 10.1175/jamc-d-15-0054.1.


Chiu JC, JA Holmes, RJ Hogan, and EJ O'Connor. 2014. "The interdependence of continental warm cloud properties derived from unexploited solar background signals in ground-based lidar measurements." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 10.5194/acp-14-8389-2014.

Mann JA, JC Chiu, RJ Hogan, EJ O'Connor, TS L'Ecuyer, TH Stein, and A Jefferson. 2014. "Aerosol impacts on drizzle properties in warm clouds from ARM Mobile Facility maritime and continental deployments." Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(7), 10.1002/2013jd021339.


Protat A, SA Young, SA McFarlane, T L’Ecuyer, GG Mace, JM Comstock, CN Long, E Berry, and J Delanoë. 2013. "Reconciling ground-based and space-based estimates of the frequency of occurrence and radiative effect of clouds around Darwin, Australia." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53, 10.1175/jamc-d-13-072.1.

DiPretore L, M Jensen, T Toto, and M Miller. 2013. Integrating the Microwave Radiometer Profiler into a Merged Sounding Data Product. Presented at 4th Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science Team Meeting. Potomac, MD.

Sivaraman C. 2013. ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report October 01–December 31, 2012. U.S. Department of Energy. DOE/SC-ARM-13-002.


Powell SW, RA Houze, A Kumar, and SA McFarlane. 2012. "Comparison of Simulated and Observed Continental Tropical Anvil Clouds and Their Radiative Heating Profiles." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69(9), 10.1175/jas-d-11-0251.1.

Mlawer EJ, VH Payne, J Moncet, JS Delamere, MJ Alvarado, and DD Tobin. 2012. "Development and recent evaluation of the MT_CKD model of continuum absorption." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 370(1968), 10.1098/rsta.2011.0295.

Sivaraman C. 2012. ARM Climate Research Facility Quarterly Value-Added Product Report First Quarter: October 01-December 31, 2011. U.S. Department of Energy. DOE/SC-ARM-12-002.

View All Related Publications