ARM Aerial Facility
As an integral measurement capability of the ARM Climate Research Facility, the ARM Aerial Facility (AAF) provides airborne measurements required to answer science questions proposed by the Atmospheric System Research program and the external research community. Aircraft choice is dictated by science requirements—such as the required measurements and desired flight profile—and aircraft availability.
Depending on the science mission, the DOE supported Gulfstream-1 and Cessna 206 aircraft, or multiple aircraft platforms outside the DOE, are available to address the wide range of aircraft measurement requirements associated with atmospheric science issues. Data obtained from the aircraft are documented, checked for quality, integrated into the ARM Data Archive, and made freely available in a timely manner for use by the scientific community.
The airborne observations acquired by the AAF enhance the surface-based ARM measurements by providing high-resolution in situ measurements for process understanding, retrieval-algorithm development, and model evaluation that are not possible using surface- or satellite-based techniques.
To acquire airborne measurements using the appropriate aerial vehicle and instruments, intensive field campaigns or long-term, regularly-scheduled flights can be requested through the ARM field campaign process, a competitive process based upon scientific proposals submitted by teams of scientists. The ARM Facility's Science Board reviews proposals for use of the AAF in order to maximize the science return within the budget allotted to the program.
Recent field campaigns include the ARM Airborne Carbon Measurements (ARM-ACME campaigns, Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study (CARES), Two Column Aerosol Project (TCAP), Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP), and Green Ocean Amazon (GOAMAZON). See AAF field campaigns for a complete list.
*From Fiscal year 2007 to fiscal year 2009, the ARM Aerial Facility was known as the ARM Aerial Vehicles Program, which was the successor to the ARM Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) Program.