Investigators who use Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility data are major contributors to atmospheric research aimed toward improvements to regional and global climate models, publishing about 150 journal articles each year. Members of the ARM Facility prepare other documents to help guide the direction of the Facility and track progress. These publications include planning documents, status reports, and conference presentations.

ARM also develops public information materials to communicate the purpose and objectives of the program to general audiences, as well as educational outreach materials for classrooms and communities.

Featured Publications

Decadal Vision Progress Report Now Available
Jul 18, 2016       
Jim Mather, ARM’s Technical Director, prepared a report detailing progress made toward the ARM Decadal Vision, published in 2014. This strategic progress report, now available on the ARM website, makes engaging reading for anyone interested in ARM’s evolution as the premier data-gathering organization for scientific climate research. Next-generation ARM is focused on more tightly linking measurements [...]

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Recent Publications

September 26, 2016

Collier S, S Zhou, T Onasch, D Jaffe, L Kleinman, A Sedlacek, N Briggs, J Hee, E Fortner, J Shilling, D Worsnop, R Yokelson, C Parworth, X Ge, J Xu, Z Butterfield, D Chand, M Dubey, M Pekour, S Springston, and Q Zhang. 2016. "Regional Influence of Aerosol Emissions from Wildfires Driven by Combustion Efficiency: Insights from the BBOP Campaign." Environmental Science & Technology, 50(16), doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01617.  ARM

Keita SA and E Girard. 2016. "Importance of Chemical Composition of Ice Nuclei on the Formation of Arctic Ice Clouds." Pure and Applied Geophysics, 173(9), doi:10.1007/s00024-016-1294-z.  ARM

Sporre MK, EJ O'Connor, N Hakansson, A Thoss, E Swietlicki, and T Petaja. 2016. "Comparison of MODIS and VIIRS cloud properties with ARM ground-based observations over Finland." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(7), doi:10.5194/amt-9-3193-2016.  ARM

Schiro KA, JD Neelin, DK Adams, and BR Lintner. 2016. "Deep Convection and Column Water Vapor over Tropical Land versus Tropical Ocean: A Comparison between the Amazon and the Tropical Western Pacific." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73(10), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-16-0119.1.  ARM

September 23, 2016

Turner DD, RG Ellingson, GM Stokes, TP Ackerman, JH Mather, TS Cress, DL Sisterson, CN Long, J Verlinde, MA Miller, B Schmid, R McCord, RA Peppler, EJ Mlawer, JJ Michalsky, P Kollias, MD Shupe, SA McFarlane, A McComiskey, G Feingold, LK Berg, M Zhang, SK Krueger, DA Randall, S Ghan, M Ahlgrimm, M Haefflin, R Marchand, and E al. 2016. The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM): The First 20 Years. Online: American Meteorological Society.  ARM

September 21, 2016

Liu J, Z Li, and MC Cribb. 2016. "Response of marine boundary layer cloud properties to aerosol perturbations associated with meteorological conditions from the 19-month AMF-Azores campaign." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0364.1. ONLINE.  ARM

September 19, 2016

Saleeby SM, SC van den Heever, PJ Marinescu, SM Kreidenweis, and PJ DeMott. 2016. "Aerosol Effects on the Anvil Characteristics of Mesoscale Convective Systems." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JD025082. ONLINE.  ARM

Marinescu PJ, SC van den Heever, SM Saleeby, and SM Kreidenweis. 2016. "The microphysical contributions to and evolution of latent heating profiles in two MC3E MCSs." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(13), doi:10.1002/2016JD024762.  ARM

Collow AB, MA Miller, and LC Trabachino. 2016. "Cloudiness over the Amazon rainforest: Meteorology and thermodynamics." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(13), doi:10.1002/2016JD024848.  ARM

Wang B, TH Harder, ST Kelly, DS Fiends, S China, L Kovarik, M Keiluweit, BW Arey, MK Gilles, and A Laskin. 2016. "Airborne soil organic particles generated by precipitation." Nature Geoscience, 9, 10.1038/ngeo2705.  ARM

Bu L, H Pan, KR Kumar, X Huang, H Gau, X Liu, and D Kim. 2016. "Lidar and Millimeter-Wave Cloud Radar (MWCR) techniques for joint observations of cirrus in Shouxian (32.56n, 116.78e), China." Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, 148, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2016.08.013.  ARM

Uttal T, S Starkweather, JR Drummond, T Vihma, AP Makshtas, LS Darby, JF Burkhart, CJ Cox, LN Schmeisser, T Haiden, M Maturilli, MD Shupe, G de Boer, A Saha, AA Grachev, SM Prepinsek, L Bruhwiler, B Goodison, B McArthur, VP Walden, EJ Diugokencky, PO Persson, G Lesins, T Laurila, JA Ogren, R Stone, CN Long, S Sharma, A Massiing, DD Turner, DM Stanitski, E Asmi, M Aurela, H Skov, K Eleftheriadis, A Virkkula, A Platt, EJ Forland, Y Iijima, IE Nielsen, MH Bergin, L Candish, NS Zimov, SA Zimov, NT O'Neill, PF Fogal, R Kivi, EA Konopleva-Akish, J Verlinde, VY Kustov, B Vasel, VM Ivakhov, Y Viisanen, and JM Intrieri. 2016. "International Arctic Systems for Observing the Atmosphere: An International Polar Year legacy consortium." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(6), doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00145.1.  ARM

Ghate VP and P Kollias. 2016. "On the controls of daytime precipitation in the Amazonian dry season." Journal of Hydrometeorology, , doi:10.1175/JHM-D-16-0101.1. ONLINE.  ARM

Shariff K. 2016. "Making aircraft vortices visible to radar by spraying water into the wake." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, , doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0066.1. ONLINE.  ARM

September 15, 2016

Chen SS, BW Kerns, N Guy, DP Jorgensen, J Delanoe, N Viltard, CJ Zappa, F Judt, C Lee, and A Savarin. 2016. "Aircraft observations of dry air, the ITCZ, convective cloud systems, and cold pools in MJO during DYNAMO." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(3), doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00196.1.  ARM

Heistermann M, S Collis, MJ Dixon, JJ Helmus, A Henja, DB Michelson, and T Pfaff. 2015. "An open virtual machine for cross-platform weather radar science." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(10), doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00220.1.  ARM

Lang TJ, WA Lyons, SA Cummer, BR Fuchs, B Dolan, SA Rutledge, P Krehbiel, W Rison, M Stanley, and T Ashcraft. 2016. "Observations of two sprite-producing storms in Colorado." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, , Early online version, doi:10.1002/2016JD025299.  ARM

Heistermann M, S Collis, MJ Dixon, S Giangrande, JJ Helmus, B Kelley, J Koistinen, DB Michelson, M Peura, T Pfaff, and DB Wolff. 2015. "The emergence of open-source software for the weather radar community." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96(1), doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00240.1.  ARM

Tang J and CJ Matyas. 2016. "Fast playback framework for analysis of ground-based doppler radar observations using MapReduce technology." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33(4), doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0118.1.  ARM

September 14, 2016

Wong EW and PJ Minnett. 2016. "Retrieval of the ocean skin temperature profiles from measurements of infrared hyperspectral radiometers—Part II: Field data analysis." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 54(4), doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2501425.  ARM

Cosgrove BA, D Lohmann, KE Mitchell, PR Houser, EF Wood, JC Schaake, A Robock, C Marshall, J Sheffield, Q Duan, L Luo, RW Higgins, RT Pinker, JD Tarpley, and J Meng. 2003. "Real-time and retrospective forcing in the North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS) project." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 108(D22), 8842, doi:10.1029/2002JD003118.  ARM

Martin ST, T Rosenoern, Q Chen, and DR Collins. 2008. "Phase changes of ambient particles in the Southern Great Plains of Oklahoma." Geophysical Research Letters, 35(22), L22801, doi:10.1029/2008GL035650.  ARM

Bertram AK, ST Martin, SJ Hanna, ML Smith, A Bodsworth, Q Chen, M Kuwata, A Liu, Y You, and SR Zorn. 2011. "Predicting the relative humidities of liquid-liquid phase separation, efflorescence, and deliquescence of mixed particles of ammonium sulfate, organic material, and water using the organic-to-sulfate mass ratio of the particle and the oxygen-to-carbon elemental ratio of the organic component." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(21), doi:10.5194/acp-11-10995-2011.  ARM

Lelli L, AA Kokhanovsky, VV Rozanov, M Vountas, AM Sayer, and JP Burrows. 2012. "Seven years of global retrieval of cloud properties using space-borne data of GOME." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5(7), doi:10.5194/amt-5-1551-2012.  ARM

Ling J and C Zhang. 2013. "Diabatic heating profiles in recent global reanalyses." Journal of Climate, 26(10), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00384.1.  ARM

Kumar VV, C Jakob, A Protat, PT May, and L Davies. 2013. "The four cumulus cloud modes and their progression during rainfall events: A C-band polarimetric radar perspective." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118(15), doi:10.1002/jgrd.50640.  ARM

Davies L, C Jakob, P May, VV Kumar, and S Xie. 2013. "Relationships between the large-scale atmosphere and the small-scale convective state for Darwin, Australia." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118(20), doi:10.1002/jgrd.50645.  ARM

Peters K, C Jakob, L Davies, B Khouider, and AJ Majda. 2013. "Stochastic behavior of tropical convection in observations and a multicloud model." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(11), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-031.1.  ARM

Remillard J, P Kollias, and W Szyrmer. 2013. "Radar-radiometer retrievals of cloud number concentration and dispersion parameter in nondrizzling marine stratocumulus." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6(7), doi:10.5194/amt-6-1817-2013.  ARM

Chang X and ML Stein. 2014. "Wavelet methods in interpolation of high-frequency spatial–temporal pressure." Spatial Statistics, 8, doi:10.1016/j.spasta.2013.07.001.  ARM

Liu C, M Chen, R Shi, and W Gao. 2014. "Retrievals of aerosol optical depth and total column ozone from Ultraviolet Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer measurements based on an optimal estimation technique." Frontiers of Earth Science, 8(4), doi:10.1007/s11707-014-0455-6.  ARM

Sahany S, JD Neelin, K Hales, and RB Neale. 2014. "Deep convective transition characteristics in the Community Climate System Model and changes under global warming." Journal of Climate, 27(24), 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00747.1.  ARM

Lin Y. 2014. "Humidity variability revealed by a sounding array and its implications for cloud representation in GCMs." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 119(17), doi:10.1002/2014JD021837.  ARM

Kumar VV, A Protat, C Jakob, and PT May. 2014. "On the atmospheric regulation of the growth of moderate to deep cumulonimbus in a tropical environment." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71(3), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0231.1.  ARM

Jouan C, J Pelon, E Girard, G Ancellet, JP Blanchet, and J Delanoe. 2014. "On the relationship between Arctic ice clouds and polluted air masses over the North Slope of Alaska in April 2008." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14(3), doi:10.5194/acp-14-1205-2014.  ARM

Inoue M, I Morino, O Uchino, Y Miyamoto, T Saeki, Y Yoshida, T Yokota, C Sweeney, PP Tans, SC Biraud, T Machida, JV Pittman, EA Kort, T Tanaka, S Kawakami, Y Sawa, K Tsuboi, and H Matsueda. 2014. "Validation of XCH4 derived from SWIR spectra of GOSAT TANSO-FTS with aircraft measurement data." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 7, doi:10.5194/amt-7-2987-2014.  ARM

Viudez-Mora A, M Costa-Suros, and JA Gonzales. 2015. "Modeling atmospheric longwave radiation at the surface during overcast skies: The role of cloud base height." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(1), doi:10.1002/2014JD022310.  ARM

Niu X and RT Pinker. 2015. "An improved methodology for deriving high-resolution surface shortwave radiative fluxes from MODIS in the Arctic region." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(6), doi:10.1002/2014JD022151.  ARM

Meunier V, DD Turner, and P Kollias. 2015. "On the challenges of tomography retrievals of a 2D water vapor field using ground-based microwave radiometers: An observation system simulation experiment." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32(1), doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00194.1.  ARM

Powell SW and RA Houze Jr.. 2015. "Effect of dry large-scale vertical motions on initial MJO convective onset." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(10), doi:10.1002/2014JD022961.  ARM

Watson PA, HM Christensen, and TN Palmer. 2015. "Does the ECMWF IFS convection parameterization with stochastic physics correctly reproduce relationships between convection and the large-scale state?" Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72(1), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0252.1.  ARM

Suhas E and G Zhang. 2015. "Evaluating convective parameterization closures using cloud resolving model simulation of tropical deep convection." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(4), doi:10.1002/2014JD022246.  ARM

Carbajal Henken CK, L Doppler, R Lindstrot, R Preusker, and J Fischer. 2015. "Exploiting the sensitivity of two satellite cloud height retrievals to cloud vertical distribution." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8, doi:10.5194/amt-8-3419-2015.  ARM

Diedrich H, R Preusker, R Linstrot, and J Fischer. 2015. "Retrieval of daytime total columnar water vapour from MODIS measurements over land surfaces." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8, doi:10.5194/amt-8-823-2015.  ARM

Moradi I, RR Ferraro, BJ Soden, P Eriksson, and P Arkin. 2015. "Retrieving layer-averaged tropospheric humidity from advanced technology microwave sounder water vapor channels." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 53(12), doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2445832.  ARM

September 13, 2016

Moradi I, RR Ferraro, P Eriksson, and F Weng. 2015. "Intercalibration and Validation of Observations From ATMS and SAPHIR Microwave Sounders." IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 53(11), doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2427165.  ARM

Hicks M, R Sakai, and E Joseph. 2015. "The Evaluation of a New Method to Detect Mixing Layer Heights Using Lidar Observations." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32(11), doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00103.1.  ARM

Blumberg WG, DD Turner, U Lohnert, and S Castleberry. 2015. "Ground-Based Temperature and Humidity Profiling Using Spectral Infrared and Microwave Observations. Part II: Actual Retrieval Performance in Clear-Sky and Cloudy Conditions." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 54(11), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0005.1.  ARM

Firl GJ and DA Randall. 2015. "Fitting and Analyzing LES Using Multiple Trivariate Gaussians." Journal of Aerosol Science, 72, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0192.1.  ARM

Wang S, AH Sobel, and J Nie. 2016. "Modeling the MJO in a cloud-resolving model with parameterized large-scale dynamics: Vertical structure, radiation, and horizontal advection of dry air." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 8(1), 10.1002/2015MS000529.  ARM

Bromwich DH, AB Wilson, L Bai, GW Moore, and P Bauer. 2015. "A comparison of the regional Arctic System Reanalysis and the global ERA-Interim Reanalysis for the Arctic." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 142(695), doi:10.1002/qj.2527.  ARM

Powell SW. 2016. "Updraft Buoyancy within and Moistening by Cumulonimbi prior to MJO Convective Onset in a Regional Model." Journal of Aerosol Science, 73(7), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0326.1.  ARM

Posselt DJ, B Fryxell, A Molod, and B Williams. 2016. "Quantitative Sensitivity Analysis of Physical Parameterizations for Cases of Deep Convection in the NASA GEOS-5." Journal of Climate, 29(2), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0250.1.  ARM

Gottwald GA, K Peters, and L Davies. 2015. "A data-driven method for the stochastic parametrisation of subgrid-scale tropical convective area fraction." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 142(694), doi:10.1002/qj.2655.  ARM

Singh N, R Solanki, N Ojha, M Naja, UC Dumka, DV Phanikumar, R Sagar, SK Satheesh, K Krishna Moorthy, VR Kotamarthi, and SK Dhaka. 2016. "Variations in the cloud-base height over the central Himalayas during GVAX: Association with the monsoon rainfall." Current Science, 111(1), 10.18520/cs/v111/i1/109-116.  ARM

Connor BJ, V Sherlock, G Toon, D Wunch, and PO Wennberg. 2016. "GFIT2: an experimental algorithm for vertical profile retrieval from near-IR spectra." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(8), doi:10.5194/amt-9-3513-2016.  ARM

Newman JF, PM Klein, S Wharton, A Sathe, TA Bonin, PB Chilson, and A Muschinski. 2016. "Evaluation of three lidar scanning strategies for turbulence measurements." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(5), 10.5194/amt-9-1993-2016.  ARM

Mejia FA, B Kurtz, K Murray, LM Hinkelman, M Sengupta, Y Xie, and J Kleissl. 2016. "Coupling sky images with radiative transfer models: a new method to estimate cloud optical depth." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(8), doi:10.5194/amt-9-4151-2016.  ARM

September 12, 2016

Weckwerth TM, K Weber, DD Turner, and SM Spuler. 2016. "Validation of a Water Vapor Micropulse Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL)." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, , doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0119.1. ONLINE.  ARM

Tao WK and X Li. 2016. "The relationship between latent heating, vertical velocity, and precipitation processes: The impact of aerosols on precipitation in organized deep convective systems." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(11), doi: 10.1002/2015jd024267.  ARM

Ching J, N Riemer, and M West. 2016. "Black carbon mixing state impacts on cloud microphysical properties: Effects of aerosol plume and environmental conditions." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(10), doi:10.1002/2016jd024851.  ARM

Carlin JT, AV Ryzhkov, JC Snyder, and A Khain. 2016. "Hydrometeor Mixing Ratio Retrievals for Storm-Scale Radar Data Assimilation: Utility of Current Relations and Potential Benefits of Polarimetry." Monthly Weather Review, 144(8), doi:10.1175/MWR-D-15-0423.1.  ARM

Ahmed F, C Schumacher, Z Feng, and S Hagos. 2016. "A Retrieval of Tropical Latent Heating Using the 3D Structure of Precipitation Features." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 55(9), doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0038.1.  ARM

September 06, 2016

Quiring SM, TW Ford, JK Wang, A Khong, E Harris, T Lindgren, DW Goldberg, and Z Li. 2016. "The North American Soil Moisture Database: Development and Applications." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(8), doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00263.1.  ARM

September 02, 2016

Dubey M, A Aiken, LK Berg, A Freedman, and K Gorkowski. 2016. Two-Column Aerosol Project: Aerosol Light Extinction Measurements Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-047.  ARM

September 01, 2016

de Szoeke SP, KL Verlinden, SE Yuter, and DB Mechem. 2016. "The Time Scales of Variability of Marine Low Clouds." Journal of Climate, 29, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0460.1.  ARM

August 31, 2016

Niple ER, HE Scott, JA Conant, SH Jones, FJ Iannarilli, and WE Pereira. 2016. "Application of oxygen A-band equivalent width to disambiguate downwelling radiances for cloud optical depth measurement." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9(9), amt-9-4167-2016, doi:10.5194/amt-9-4167-2016.  ARM

August 30, 2016

de Boer G, S Palo, B Argrow, G LoDolce, J Mack, R Gao, H Telg, C Trussel, J Fromm, CN Long, G Bland, J Maslanik, B Schmid, and T Hock. 2016. "The Pilatus unmanned aircraft system for lower atmospheric research." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9, doi:10.5194/amt-9-1845-2016.  ARM

Ortega I, LA Berg, RA Ferrare, JW Hair, CA Hostetler, and R Volkamer. 2016. "Elevated aerosol layers modify the O2–O2 absorption measured by ground-based MAX-DOAS." Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 176, doi:10.1016/jqsrt.2016.02.021.  ARM

Ortega I, S Coburn, LK Berg, K Lantz, J Michalsky, RA Ferrare, JW Hair, CA Hostetler, and R Volkamer. 2016. "The CU 2D-MAX-DOAS instrument - part 2: Raman scattering probability measurements and retrieval of aerosol optical properties." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9, doi:10.5194/amt-9-3893-2016.  ARM

August 29, 2016

Titos G, A Jefferson, PJ Sheridan, E Andrews, H Lyamani, L Alados-Arboledas, and JA Ogren. 2014. "Aerosol light-scattering enhancement due to water uptake during the TCAP campaign." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, doi:10.5194/acp-14-7031-2014.  ARM

Alpert PA and DA Knopf. 2016. "Analysis of isothermal and cooling-rate-dependent immersion freezing by a unifying stochastic ice nucleation model." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, doi:10.5194/acp-16-2083-2016.  ARM

Lewis ER, TB Onasch, AT Lambe, P Davidovits, and AJ Sedlacek. 2015. "Investigation of refractory black carbon-containing particle morphologies using the Single-Particle Soot Photometer (SP2)." Aerosol Science and Technology, 49(10), doi:10.1080/02786826.2015.1074978.  ARM

Atchley AL, SL Painter, DR Harp, ET Coon, CJ Wilson, AK Liljedahl, and VE Romanovsky. 2015. "Using field observations to inform thermal hydrology models of permafrost dynamics with ATS (v0.83)." Geoscientific Model Development, 8, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-2701-2015.  ARM

Pistone K, PS Praveen, RM Thomas, V Ramanathan, EM Wilcox, and FA Bender. 2016. "Observed correlations between aerosol and cloud properties in an Indian Ocean trade cumulus regime." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, doi:10.5194/acp-16-5203-2016.  ARM

Cox CJ, PV Walden, PM Rowe, and MD Shupe. 2015. "Humidity trends imply increased sensitivity to clouds in a warming Arctic." Nature Communications, , 10117, doi:10.1038/ncomms10117.  ARM

Xavier PK, JC Petch, NP Klingaman, SJ Woolnough, X Jiang, DE Waliser, M Caian, J Cole, SM Hagos, C Hannay, D Kim, T Miyakawa, MS Pritchard, R Roehrig, E Shindo, F Vitart, and H Wang. 2015. "Vertical structure and physical processes of the Madden-Julian Oscillation: Biases and uncertainties at short range." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(10), doi:10.1002/2014JD022718.  ARM

Dzambo AM, DD Turner, and EJ Mlawer. 2015. "Evaluation of two Vaisala RS92 radiosonde solar radiative dry bias correction algorithms." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9, doi:10.5194/amt-9-1613-2016.  ARM

Zhang C, M Wang, H Morrison, RC Somerville, K Zhang, X Liu, and JF Li. 2014. "Investigating ice nucleation in cirrus clouds with an aerosol-enabled Multiscale Modeling Framework." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 6(4), doi:10.1002/2014MS000343.  ARM

Zamora LM, RA Kahn, MJ Cubison, GS Diskin, JL Jimenez, Y Kondo, GM McFarquhar, A Nenes, KL Thornhill, A Wisthaler, A Zelenyuk, and LD Ziemba. 2016. "Aircraft-measured indirect cloud effects from biomass burning smoke in the Arctic and subarctic." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, doi:10.5194/acp-16-715-2016.  ARM

Sullivan SC, R Morales Betancourt, D Barahona, and A Nenes. 2016. "Understanding cirrus ice crystal number variability for different heterogeneous ice nucleation spectra." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, doi:10.5194/acp-16-2611-2016.  ARM

Ralph FM, KA Prather, D Cayan, JR Spackman, P DeMott, M Dettinger, C Fairall, R Leung, D Rosenfeld, S Rutledge, D Waliser, AB White, J Cordeira, A Marin, J Helly, and J Intrieri. 2016. "CalWater Field Studies Designed to Quantify the Roles of Atmospheric Rivers and Aerosols in Modulating U.S. West Coast Precipitation in a Changing Climate." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(7), doi:10.1175/bams-d-14-00043.1.  ARM

Lin Y, Y Wang, B Pan, J Hu, Y Liu, and R Zhang. 2016. "Distinct Impacts of Aerosols on an Evolving Continental Cloud Complex during the RACORO Field Campaign." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73(9), doi: 10.1175/jas-d-15-0361.1.  ARM

Cox CJ, T Uttal, CN Long, MD Shupe, RS Stone, and S Starkweather. 2016. "The Role of Springtime Arctic Clouds in Determining Autumn Sea Ice Extent." Journal of Climate, 29(18), doi:10.1175/jcli-d-16-0136.1.  ARM

de Szoeke SP, KL Verlinden, SE Yuter, and DB Mechem. 2016. "The Time Scales of Variability of Marine Low Clouds." Journal of Climate, 29(18), doi:10.1175/jcli-d-15-0460.1.  ARM

Wagner TJ and JM Kleiss. 2016. "Error Characteristics of Ceilometer-Based Observations of Cloud Amount." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33(7), doi:10.1175/jtech-d-15-0258.1.  ARM

Creamean JM, AB White, P Minnis, R Palikonda, DA Spangenberg, and KA Prather. 2016. "The relationships between insoluble precipitation residues, clouds, and precipitation over California’s southern Sierra Nevada during winter storms." Atmospheric Environment, 140, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.06.016.  ARM

Yang W, A Marshak, PJ McBride, JC Chiu, Y Knyazikhin, KS Schmidt, C Flynn, ER Lewis, and EW Eloranta. 2016. "Observation of the spectrally invariant properties of clouds in cloudy-to-clear transition zones during the MAGIC field campaign." Atmospheric Research, 182, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.08.004.  ARM

Wagle P, X Xiao, P Gowda, J Basara, N Brunsell, J Steinger, and A KC. 2016. "Analysis and estimation of tallgrass prairie evapotranspiration in thecentral United States." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 232, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.08.005.  ARM

August 25, 2016

Golaz J, S Wang, JD Doyle, and JM Schmidt. 2005. "Coamps®-Les: Model Evaluation and Analysis of Second-and Third-Moment Vertical Velocity Budgets." Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 116(3), doi:10.1007/s10546-004-7300-5.  ARM

Jiang H and WR Cotton. 2005. "A diagnostic study of subgrid-scale activation." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 110(D16), D16107, doi:10.1029/2004JD005722.  ARM

Neggers RA, AP Siebesma, G Lenderink, and AA Holtslag. 2004. "An Evaluation of Mass Flux Closures for Diurnal Cycles of Shallow Cumulus." Monthly Weather Review, 132(11), doi:10.1175/MWR2776.1.  ARM

Lenderink G, AP Siebesma, S Cheinet, S Irons, CG Jones, P Marquet, F Muller, D Olmeda, J Calvo, E Sanchez, and PM Soares. 2004. "The diurnal cycle of shallow cumulus clouds over land: A single-column model intercomparison study." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, 130(604), doi:10.1256/qj.03.122.  ARM

Bogenschutz PA, A Gettelman, H Morrison, VE Larson, DP Schanen, NR Meyer, and C Craig. 2012. "Unified parameterization of the planetary boundary layer and shallow convection with a higher-order turbulence closure in the Community Atmosphere Model: single-column experiments." Geoscientific Model Development, 5(6), doi:10.5194/gmd-5-1407-2012.  ARM

Kim SW, MC Barth, and M Trainer. 2012. "Influence of fair-weather cumulus clouds on isoprene chemistry." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 117(D10), D10302, doi:10.1029/2011JD017099.  ARM

de Roode SR, AP Siebesma, HJ Jonker, and Y de Voogd. 2012. "Parameterization of the Vertical Velocity Equation for Shallow Cumulus Clouds." Monthly Weather Review, 140(8), doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00277.1.  ARM

Naumann AK, A Seifert, and JP Mellado. 2013. "A refined statistical cloud closure using double-Gaussian probability density functions." Geoscientific Model Development, 6(5), doi:10.5194/gmd-6-1641-2013.  ARM

Hourdin F, J Grandpeix, C Rio, S Bony, A Jam, F Cheruy, N Rochetin, L Fairhead, A Idelkadi, I Musat, J Dufresne, A Lahellec, M Lefebvre, and R Roehrig. 2013. "LMDZ5B: the atmospheric component of the IPSL climate model with revisited parameterizations for clouds and convection." Climate Dynamics, 40(9), doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1343-y.  ARM

Jam A, F Hourdin, C Rio, and F Couvreux. 2013. "Resolved Versus Parametrized Boundary-Layer Plumes. Part III: Derivation of a Statistical Scheme for Cumulus Clouds." Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 147(3), doi:10.1007/s10546-012-9789-3.  ARM

Bogenschutz PA and SK Krueger. 2013. "A simplified PDF parameterization of subgrid-scale clouds and turbulence for cloud-resolving models." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 5(2), doi:10.1002/jame.20018.  ARM

Gentine P, CR Ferguson, and AA Holtslag. 2013. "Diagnosing evaporative fraction over land from boundary-layer clouds." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118(15), doe:10.1002/jgrd.50416.  ARM

Rochetin N, J Grandpeix, C Rio, and F Couvreux. 2014. "Deep Convection Triggering by Boundary Layer Thermals. Part II: Stochastic Triggering Parameterization for the LMDZ GCM." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71(2), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0337.1.  ARM

Suselj K, TF Hogan, and J Teixeira. 2014. "Implementation of a Stochastic Eddy-Diffusivity/Mass-Flux Parameterization into the Navy Global Environmental Model." Weather and Forecasting, 29(6), doi:10.1175/WAF-D-14-00043.1.  ARM

Chlond A, O Bohringer, T Auerswald, and F Muller. 2014. "The effect of soil moisture and atmospheric conditions on the development of shallow cumulus convection: A coupled large-eddy simulation–land surface model study." Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 23(5), doi:10.1127/metz/2014/0576.  ARM

Locatelli R, P Bousquet, F Hourdin, M Saunois, A Cozic, F Couvreux, JY Grandpeix, MP Lefebvre, C Rio, P Bergamaschi, SD Chambers, U Karstens, V Kazan, S van der Laan, HA Meijer, J Moncrieff, M Ramonet, HA Scheeren, C Schlosser, M Schmidt, A Vermeulen, and AG Williams. 2013. "Atmospheric transport and chemistry of trace gases in LMDz5B: evaluation and implications for inverse modelling." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8(2), Actually published i, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-129-2015.  ARM

Dawe JT and PH Austin. 2013. "Direct entrainment and detrainment rate distributions of individual shallow cumulus clouds in an LES." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(15), doi:10.5194/acp-13-7795-2013.  ARM

Shinozuka Y, AD Clarke, A Nenes, A Jefferson, R Wood, CS McNaughton, J Strom, P Tunved, J Redemann, KL Thornhill, RH Moore, TL Lathem, JJ Lin, and YJ Yoon. 2015. "The relationship between cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) concentration and light extinction of dried particles: indications of underlying aerosol processes and implications for satellite-based CCN estimates." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(13), doi:10.5194/acp-15-7585-2015.  ARM

Sikma M and HG Ouwersloot. 2015. "Parameterizations for convective transport in various cloud-topped boundary layers." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(18), doi:10.5194/acp-15-10399-2015.  ARM

Gan CM, J Pleim, R Mathur, C Hogrefe, CN Long, J Xing, D Wong, R Gilliam, and C Wei. 2015. "Assessment of long-term WRF–CMAQ simulations for understanding direct aerosol effects on radiation "brightening" in the United States." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(21), doi:10.5194/acp-15-12193-2015.  ARM

Newton R, G Vaughan, HM Ricketts, LL Pan, AJ Weinheimer, and C Chemel. 2016. "Ozonesonde profiles from the West Pacific Warm Pool: measurements and validation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(2), doi:10.5194/acp-16-619-2016.  ARM

Whelan ME, TW Hilton, JA Berry, M Berkelhammer, AR Desai, and JE Campbell. 2016. "Carbonyl sulfide exchange in soils for better estimates of ecosystem carbon uptake." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(6), doi:10.5194/acp-16-3711-2016.  ARM

Moradi I, P Arkin, R Ferraro, P Eriksson, and E Fetzer. 2016. "Diurnal variation of tropospheric relative humidity in tropical regions." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(11), doi:10.5194/acp-16-6913-2016.  ARM

Twohy CH, GR McMeeking, PJ DeMott, CS McCluskey, TC Hill, SM Burrows, GR Kulkarni, M Tanarhte, DN Kafle, and DW Toohey. 2016. "Abundance of fluorescent biological aerosol particles at temperatures conducive to the formation of mixed-phase and cirrus clouds." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(13), doi:10.5194/acp-16-8205-2016.  ARM

Hodshire AL, MJ Lawler, J Zhao, J Ortega, C Jen, T Yli-Juuti, JF Brewer, JK Kodros, KC Barsanti, DR Hanson, PH McMurry, JN Smith, and JR Pierce. 2016. "Multiple new-particle growth pathways observed at the US DOE Southern Great Plains field site." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(14), doi:10.5194/acp-16-9321-2016.  ARM

Singh N, R Solanki, N Ojha, RH Janssen, A Pozzer, and SK Dhaka. 2016. "Boundary layer evolution over the central Himalayas from radio wind profiler and model simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(16), doi:10.5194/acp-16-10559-2016.  ARM

August 22, 2016

Machado CM, EO Santos, KS Fernandes, JL Neto, and RA Souza. 2016. Green Ocean Amazon 2014/15 High-Volume Filter Sampling: Atmospheric Particulate Matter of an Amazon Tropical City and its Relationship to Population Health Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-045.  ARM

Dubey M, H Parker, B Christoffersson, C Roehl, K Myers, T Rahn, D Wunch, and P Wennberg. 2016. Green Ocean Amazon 2014/15 – Scaling Amazon Carbon Water Couplings Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-044.  ARM

Schumacher C. 2016. Observations and Modeling of the Green Ocean Amazon 2014/15: Parsivel2 Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-042.  ARM

Kalesse H, G DeBoer, A Solomon, M Oue, M Ahlgrimm, D Zhang, M Shupe, E Luke, and A Protat. 2016. "Understanding rapid changes in phase partitioning between cloud liquid and ice in stratiform mixed-phase clouds: An Arctic Case Study." Monthly Weather Review, , 10.1175/MWR-D-16-0155.1. ONLINE.  ARM

August 21, 2016

Matrosov SY. 2015. "Evaluations of the spheroidal particle model for describing cloud radar depolarization ratios of ice hydrometeors." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32(5), doi:10.1175/jtech-d-14-00115.1.  ARM

August 19, 2016

Huang D, D Yu, and SE Schwartz. 2016. Determination of Cloud Base Height, Wind Velocity, and Short-Range Cloud Structure Using Multiple Sky Imagers Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-041.  ARM

Poellot M. 2016. OLYMPEX Counterflow Spectrometer and Impactor Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-040.  ARM

Long CN. 2016. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Madden-Julian Oscillation Investigation Experiment Field Campaign Report. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-039.  ARM

Wulfmeyer V and D Turner. 2016. Land-Atmosphere Feedback Experiment (LAFE) Science Plan. Ed. by Robert Stafford, DOE ARM Climate Research Facility. DOE/SC-ARM-16-038.  ARM

August 17, 2016

Kim S, J Han, and I Choi. 2014. "Evaluation of cloud and precipitation parameterization using a single-column model: A TWP-ICE case study." Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 50(4), doi:10.1007/s13143-014-0037-2.  ARM

Betancourt RM, D Lee, L Oreopoulos, YC Sud, D Barahona, and A Nenes. 2012. "Sensitivity of cirrus and mixed-phase clouds to the ice nuclei spectra in McRAS-AC: single column model simulations." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(22), doi:10.5194/acp-12-10679-2012.  ARM

Evan S, MJ Alexander, and J Dudhia. 2012. "Model study of intermediate-scale tropical inertia-gravity waves and comparison to TWP-ICE campaign observations." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 69(2), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-11-051.1.  ARM

Hankinson MC, MJ Reeder, and TP Lane. 2014. "Gravity waves generated by convection during TWP-ICE: I. Inertia-gravity waves." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 119(9), doi:10.1002/2013JD020724.  ARM

Qing T, X Shen, W Wang, and W Huang. 2014. "Characteristics of Lagrangian transportation in a tropical deep convective process duringTWP-ICE." Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 57(5), doi:10.1002/cjg2.20134.  ARM

Fridlind AM, AS Ackerman, A Grandin, F Dezitter, M Weber, JW Strapp, AV Korolev, and CR Williams. 2015. "High ice water content at low radar reflectivity near deep convection - Part 1: Consistency of in situ and remote-sensing observations with stratiform rain column simulation." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 15(20), doi:10.5194/acp-15-11713-2015.  ARM

Lebsock MD, K Suzuki, LF Millan, and PM Kalmus. 2015. "The feasibility of water vapor sounding of the cloudy boundary layer using a differential absorption radar technique." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8(9), doi:10.5194/amt-8-3631-2015.  ARM

Millan L, M Lebsock, E Fishbein, P Kalmus, and J Teixeira. 2016. "Quantifying marine boundary layer water vapor beneath low clouds with near-infrared and microwave imagery." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 55(1), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0143.1.  ARM

Luo T, R Yuan, and Z Wang. 2014. "Lidar-based remote sensing of atmospheric boundary layer height over land and ocean." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 7, doi:10.5194/amt-7-173-2014.  ARM

Mulcahy JP, DN Walters, N Bellouin, and SF Milton. 2014. "Impacts of increasing the aerosol complexity in the Met Office global numerical weather prediction model." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, doi:10.5194/acp-14-4749-2014.  ARM

Ma PL, PJ Rasch, JD Fast, RC Easter, WI Gustafson Jr., X Liu, SJ Ghan, and B Singh. 2014. "Assessing the CAM5 physics suite in the WRF-Chem model: implementation, resolution sensitivity, and a first evaluation for a regional case study." Geoscientific Model Development, 7(3), doi:10.5194/gmd-7-755-2014.  ARM

Pithan F, B Medeiros, and T Mauritsen. 2014. "Mixed-phase clouds cause climate model biases in Arctic wintertime temperature inversions." Climate Dynamics, 43(1), 10.1007/s00382-013-1964-9.  ARM

Barton NP, SA Klein, and JS Boyle. 2014. "On the contribution of longwave radiation to global climate model biases in Arctic lower tropospheric stability." Journal of Climate, 27(19), doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00126.1.  ARM

Xiao H, S Endo, M Wong, WC Skamarock, JB Klemp, JD Fast, WI Gustafson, AM Vogelmann, H Wang, Y Liu, and W Lin. 2015. "Modifications to WRF's dynamical core to improve the treatment of moisture for large-eddy simulations." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 7(4), doi:10.1002/2015MS000532.  ARM

Luo T, Z Wang, D Zhang, and B Chen. 2016. "Marine boundary layer structure as observed by A-train satellites." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, doi:10.5194/acp-16-5891-2016.  ARM

Chen X, Q Tang, S Xie, and C Zhao. 2015. "A variance-based decomposition and global sensitivity index method for uncertainty quantification: Application to retrieved ice cloud properties." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(9), doi:10.1002/2014JD022750.  ARM

Borque P, E Luke, and P Kollias. 2016. "On the unified estimation of turbulence eddy dissipation rate using Doppler cloud radars and lidars." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(10), doi:10.1002/2015JD024543.  ARM

Posselt DJ and GG Mace. 2014. "MCMC-based assessment of the error characteristics of a surface-based combined radar-passive microwave cloud property retrieval." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53(8), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0237.1.  ARM

Hammonds KD, GG Mace, and SY Matrosov. 2014. "Characterizing the radar backscatter-cross-section sensitivities of ice-phase hydrometeor size distributions via a simple scaling of the Clausius–Mossotti factor." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53(12), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0280.1.  ARM

August 16, 2016

Yang F, RA Shaw, and H Xue. 2016. "Conditions for super-adiabatic droplet growth after entrainment mixing." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16, doi:10.5194/acp-16-9421-2016.  ARM

Van Weverberg K, IA Boutle, CJ Morcrette, and RK Newsom. 2016. "Towards retrieving critical relative humidity from ground-based remote-sensing observations." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, , doi: 10.1002/qj.2874. ONLINE.  ARM

August 12, 2016

Geerts B, D Parsons, CL Ziegler, TM Weckwerth, DD Turner, J Wurman, K Kosiba, RM Rauber, GM McFarquhar, MD Parker, RS Schumacher, MC Coniglio, K Haghi, MI Biggerstaff, PM Klein, WA Gallus, BB Demoz, KR Knupp, RA Ferrare, AR Niehrir, RD Clark, X Wang, JM Hanesiak, JO Pinto, and JA Moore. 2016. "The 2015 Plains Elevated Convection At Night (PECAN) field project." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, , doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00257.1.  ARM

August 08, 2016

Srivastava N, SK Satheesh, N Blond, and KK Moorthy. 2016. "Simulation of Aerosol Fields over South Asia Using Chimere - Part-I: Spatio-Temporal Characteristics and Heterogeneity." Current Science, 111(1), doi:10.18520/cs/vlll/il/76-82.  ARM

August 04, 2016

Painemal D, T Greenwald, M Cadeddu, and P Minnis. 2016. "First extended validation of satellite microwave liquid water path with ship-based observations of marine low clouds." Geophysical Research Letters, 43(12), doi:10.1002/2016GL069061.  ARM

Helmus JJ and SM Collis. 2016. "The Python ARM Radar Toolkit (Py-ART), a Library for Working with Weather Radar Data in the Python Programming Language." Journal of Open Research Software., 4(1), doi:10.5334/jors.119.  ARM

August 01, 2016

Fitch KE, KD Hutchison, KS Bartlett, RS Wacker, and KC Gross. 2016. "Assessing VIIRS cloud base height products with data collected at the Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement sites." International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37(11), doi: 10.1080/01431161.2016.1182665.  ARM

Hannah WM, BE Mapes, and GS Elsaesser. 2016. "A Lagrangian View of Moisture Dynamics during DYNAMO." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73(5), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0243.1.  ARM

Janiga MA and C Zhang. 2016. "MJO Moisture Budget during DYNAMO in a Cloud-Resolving Model." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73(6), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0379.1.  ARM

To see all publications, please go to the Publications Database.