Publications

Investigators who use Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility data are major contributors to atmospheric research aimed toward improvements to regional and global climate models, publishing about 150 journal articles each year. Members of the ARM Facility prepare other documents to help guide the direction of the Facility and track progress. These publications include planning documents, status reports, and conference presentations.

ARM also develops public information materials to communicate the purpose and objectives of the program to general audiences, as well as educational outreach materials for classrooms and communities.

Featured Publications

Aerial Observation Needs Workshop Report Available
Dec 07, 2015       
Manned and unmanned aerial systems (UASs) are essential to studying and modeling atmospheric and terrestrial processes in difficult to reach environments, such as the Arctic. Experts in the atmospheric and terrestrial sciences, airborne observations, and modeling participated in a workshop in May 2015 to assess current and future aerial observation needs. The workshop was hosted by [...]

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Recent Publications

May 02, 2016

Sawyer VR. 2015. Interaction between the aerosol direct effect in the lower troposphere and the planetary boundary layer depth (Thesis). College Park, MD: University of Maryland.  ARM

Lim K, L Riihimaki, JM Comstock, B Schmid, C Sivaraman, Y Shi, and GM McFarquhar. 2016. "Evaluation of long-term surface-retrieved cloud droplet number concentration with in situ aircraft observations." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(5), doi:10.1002/2015jd024082.  ARM

Kalesse H, W Szyrmer, S Kneifel, P Kollias, and E Luke. 2016. "Fingerprints of a riming event on cloud radar Doppler spectra: observations and modeling." Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(5), doi:10.5194/acp-16-2997-2016.  ARM

April 25, 2016

Shan K, X Liu, L Bu, H Gao, and X Huang. 2015. "Joint inversion method of cirrus physical properties using both Lidar and millimeter wave radar." Hongwai yu Jiguang Gongcheng/Infrared and Laser Engineering, 44(9), 2742-2746.  ARM

He Y, X Qiu, Z Sun, and Q Li. 2015. "A geometric photography model for determining cloud top heights using MISR images." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(20), doi: 10.1002/2015jd023957.  ARM

Turner AJ, DJ Jacob, J Benmergui, SC Wofsy, JD Masakkers, A Butz, O Hasekamp, and SC Biraud. 2016. "A large increase in US methane emissions over the past decade inferred from satellite data and surface observations." Geophysical Research Letters, 43(5), doi: 10.1002/2016gl067987.  ARM

Kneifel S, P Kollias, A Battaglia, J Leinonen, M Maahn, H Kalesse, and F Tridon. 2016. "First observations of triple-frequency radar Doppler spectra in snowfall: Interpretation and applications." Geophysical Research Letters, 43(5), doi: 10.1002/2015gl067618.  ARM

April 21, 2016

Bateman AP, Z Gong, P Liu, B Sato, G Cirino, Y Zhang, P Artaxo, AK Bertram, AO Manzi, LV Rizzo, RA Souza, RA Zaveri, and ST Martin. 2016. "Sub-micrometre particulate matter is primarily in liquid form over Amazon rainforest." Nature Geoscience, 9(1), doi:10.1038/ngeo2599.  ARM

April 19, 2016

Tian Y and Z Kuang. 2016. "Dependence of entrainment in shallow cumulus convection on vertical velocity and distance to cloud edge." Geophysical Research Letters, , doi:10.1002/2016GL069005. ONLINE.  ARM

Turk FJ, ZS Haddad, and Y You. 2014. "Principal Components of Multifrequency Microwave Land Surface Emissivities. Part I: Estimation under Clear and Precipitating Conditions." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15(1), doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-13-08.1.  ARM

Stenz R, X Dong, B Xi, and RJ Kuligowski. 2014. "Assessment of SCaMPR and NEXRAD Q2 Precipitation Estimates Using Oklahoma Mesonet Observations." Journal of Hydrometeorology, 15(6), doi: 10.1175/JHM-D-13-0199.1.  ARM

Short DA, R Meneghini, AE Emory, and MR Schwaller. 2015. "Reduction of Nonuniform Beamfilling Effects by Multiple Constraints: A Simulation Study." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 32(11), doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0021.1.  ARM

Ryzhkov A, P Zhang, H Reeves, M Kumjian, T Tschallener, S Trömel, and C Simmer. 2016. "Quasi-Vertical Profiles - A New Way to Look at Polarimetric Radar Data." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33(3), doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0020.1.  ARM

Olson WS, L Tian, M Grecu, K Kuo, BT Johnson, AJ Heymsfield, A Bansemer, GM Heymsfield, JR Wang, and R Meneghini. 2016. "The Microwave Radiative Properties of Falling Snow Derived from Nonspherical Ice Particle Models. Part II: Initial Testing Using Radar, Radiometer and In Situ Observations." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 55(3), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-15-0131.1.  ARM

McLinden ML, J Carswell, L Li, G Heymsfield, A Emory, JI Cervantes, and L Tian. 2013. "Utilizing Versatile Transmission Waveforms to Mitigate Pulse-Compression Range Sidelobes With the HIWRAP Radar." IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 10(6), doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2013.2241729.  ARM

Matsui T, T Iguchi, X Li, M Han, W Tao, W Peterson, T L'Ecuyer, R Meneghini, W Olson, CD Kummerow, AY Hou, MR Schwaller, EF Stocker, and J Kwiatkowski. 2013. "GPM Satellite Simulator over Ground Validation Sites." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(11), doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00160.1.  ARM

Liu Y, J Fan, GJ Zhang, K Xu, and SJ Ghan. 2015. "Improving representation of convective transport for scale-aware parameterization: 2. Analysis of cloud-resolving model simulations." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(8), doi:10.1002/2014JD0221425.  ARM

Leppert KD and DJ Cecil. 2015. "Signatures of Hydrometeor Species from Airborne Passive Microwave Data for Frequencies 10–183 GHz." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 54(6), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0145.1.  ARM

Lang SE, W Tao, J Chern, D Wu, and X Li. 2014. "Benefits of a Fourth Ice Class in the Simulated Radar Reflectivities of Convective Systems Using a Bulk Microphysics Scheme." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 71(10), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-13-0330.1.  ARM

Kumjian MR, S Mishra, SE Giangrande, T Toto, AV Ryzhkov, and A Bansemer. 2016. "Polarimetric radar and aircraft observations of saggy bright bands during MC3E." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, , doi: 10.1002/2015JD024446. ONLINE.  ARM

Heymsfield GM, L Tian, L Li, M Mclinden, and JI Cervantes. 2013. "Airborne Radar Observations of Severe Hailstorms: Implications for Future Spaceborne Radar." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 52(8), doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0144.1.  ARM

Heymsfield AJ, A Bansemer, MR Poellot, and N Wood. 2015. "Observations of Ice Microphysics through the Melting Layer." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72(8), doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0363.1.  ARM

Gustafson WI, P Ma, and B Singh. 2014. "Precipitation characteristics of CAM5 physics at mesoscale resolution during MC3E and the impact of convective timescale choice." Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 6(4), doi: 10.1002/2014MS000334.  ARM

Fan J, Y Liu, K Xu, K North, S Collis, X Dong, GJ Zhang, Q Chen, P Kollias, and SJ Ghan. 2015. "Improving representation of convective transport for scale-aware parameterization: 1. Convection and cloud properties simulated with spectral bin and bulk microphysics." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 120(8), doi:10.1002/2014JD022142.  ARM

D’Adderio LP, F Porcù, and A Tokay. 2015. "Identification and Analysis of Collisional Breakup in Natural Rain." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 72(9), doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0304.1.  ARM

Coniglio MC, J Correia, PT Marsh, and F Kong. 2013. "Verification of Convection-Allowing WRF Model Forecasts of the Planetary Boundary Layer Using Sounding Observations." Weather and Forecasting, 28(3), doi: 10.1175/WAF-D-12-00103.1.  ARM

Battaglia A, S Tanelli, GM Heymsfield, and L Tian. 2014. "The Dual Wavelength Ratio Knee: A Signature of Multiple Scattering in Airborne Ku–Ka Observations." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53(7), doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0341.1.  ARM

Adirosi E, E Gorgucci, L Baldini, and A Tokay. 2014. "Evaluation of Gamma Raindrop Size Distribution Assumption through Comparison of Rain Rates of Measured and Radar-Equivalent Gamma DSD." Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 53(6), doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0150.1.  ARM

April 18, 2016

Field PR and AJ Heymsfield. 2015. "Importance of snow to global precipitation." Geophysical Research Letters, 42(21), doi: 10.1002/2015gl065497.  ARM

Williams CR. 2016. "Reflectivity and Liquid Water Content Vertical Decomposition Diagrams to Diagnose Vertical Evolution of Raindrop Size Distributions." Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 33(3), doi: 10.1175/jtech-d-15-0208.1.  ARM

April 17, 2016

Petters SS and MD Petters. 2016. "Surfactant effect on cloud condensation nuclei for two-component internally mixed aerosols." Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 121(4), doi:10.1002/2015JD024090.  ARM

Petters MD, SM Kreidenweis, and PJ Ziemann. 2016. "Prediction of cloud condensation nuclei activity for organic compounds using functional group contribution methods." Geosci. Model Dev., 9, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-111-2016.  ARM

April 12, 2016

Zheng Y, K Alapaty, JA Herwehe, AD Del Genio, and D Niyogi. 2016. "Improving high-resolution weather forecasts using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model with an updated Kain-Fritsch scheme." Monthly Weather Review, 144(3), doi:10.1175/mwr-d-15-0005.1.  ARM

Scott RC and D Lubin. 2016. "Unique manifestations of mixed-phase cloud microphysics over Ross Island and the Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica." Geophysical Research Letters, 43, doi:10.1002/2015GL067246. ONLINE.  ARM

Ahlgrimm M and RM Forbes. 2016. "Regime dependence of cloud condensate variability observed at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement sites." Quarterly Journal Royal Meteorological Society, , doi:10.1002/qj.2783. ONLINE.  ARM

April 09, 2016

Jensen MP, WA Petersen, A Bansemer, N Bharadwaj, LD Carey, DJ Cecil, SM Collis, AD Del Genio, B Dolan, J Gerlach, SE Giangrande, A Heymsfield, G Heymsfield, P Kollias, TJ Lang, SW Nesbitt, A Neumann, M Poellot, SA Rutledge, M Schwaller, A Tokay, CR Williams, DB Wolff, S Xie, and EJ Zipser. 2015. "The Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E)." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, , doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00228.1. ONLINE.  ARM

April 07, 2016

Zhang GJ, X Wu, X Zeng, and T Mitovski. 2015. "Estimation of convective entrainment properties from a cloud-resolving model simulation during TWP-ICE." Climate Dynamics, , doi:10.1007/s00382-015-2957-7.  ARM

Storer R, GJ Zhang, and X Song. 2015. "Effects of convective microphysics parameterization on large-scale cloud hydrological cycle and radiative budget in tropical and midlatitude convective regions." Journal of Climate, 28, 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0064.1.  ARM

To see all publications, please go to the Publications Database.