Measurement : Atmospheric temperature

The temperature indicated by a thermometer exposed to the air in a place sheltered from direct solar radiation.

Categories
Atmospheric State

Instruments

The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes.

  • ARM Instruments
    • AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer
    • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System
    • CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems
    • ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System
    • TWR : Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System
    • AOSMET : Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System
    • MWRHF : Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency
    • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler
    • SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP
    • MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation
    • SMET : Surface Meteorological Instruments for TWP
    • SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation System Instruments for SGP
    • SURTHREF : Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference System for Sondes
    • METTWR : Surface and Tower Meteorological Instrumentation at NSA
    • THWAPS : Temperature, Humidity, Wind and Pressure Sensors
    • TPS : Total Precipitation Sensor
  • External Instruments
    • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System
    • ETA : Eta Model Runs
    • ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses
    • ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data
    • GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System
    • KSUMESO : Kansas State University Mesonet
    • MAPS : Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System
    • MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series
    • NOAACRN : NOAA Climate Reference Network
    • NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC
    • NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System
    • NWSUPA : National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements
    • OKM : Oklahoma Mesonet
    • RUC : Rapid Update Cycle Model Data
    • TAO : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean from Buoys
    • USDARAD : US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Radiation Monitoring Data
    • WPDN : Wind Profiler Demo Network
  • Field Campaign Instruments
    • 5MM-MWR : 5mm Scanning Radiometer
    • AERIPROF : AERI Profiles of Water Vapor and Temperature
    • AERIPLUS-UWISC : AERIPLUS-University of Wisconsin
    • CESSNA-404-ARA : Airborne Research Australia Cessna 404
    • ARA-DIMONA : Airborne Research Australia Dimona Aircraft Laser Altimeter and Fluxes
    • AIRCRAFTCABIN : Aircraft Cabin Parameters (e.g. attitude, motion, ambient state)
    • AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer
    • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System
    • CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems
    • CM-SONDE : Chilled Mirror Sonde
    • VARANAL : Constrained Variational Analysis
    • ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System
    • EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters
    • ETA : Eta Model Runs
    • ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses
    • ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data
    • FTIR-RAOB : Fourier Transform Infrared Radiometer and Raobs
    • GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
    • GLIDERSONDE : Glidersonde (Oklahoma University)
    • G-1 : Gulfstream
    • HOP : Helicopter Observation Platform
    • MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai
    • MAERI : Marine AERI
    • MERGED-COMMON : Merged data- common timestamp
    • UAV-MET-OTTER : Meteorology from UAV-Twin Otter
    • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler
    • LBTM-MINNIS : Minnis Cloud Products Using LBTM Algorithm
    • DC8-NASA : NASA DC-8
    • SONDE-CLASS : NCAR CLASS Sounding System
    • NOAA-P3 : NOAA P-3 Aircraft
    • RONBROWN : NOAA Research Vessel Ron Brown
    • NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC
    • KITE-NOAA : NOAA Tethered Kite
    • SYNOPTIC-MAPS : National Climatic Data Center Synoptic Maps
    • NRC-CONVAIR580 : National Research Council - Canada CONVAIR 580
    • ISLAND-GUEST-INSTRUMENTS : Nauru Island guest instruments
    • O3SONDE : Ozone Sonde, from Fall 1995 IOP
    • PARSL : PNNL's Atmospheric Remote Sensing Laboratory
    • RADFLUXANAL : Radiative Flux Analysis
    • SOAR : Shipboard Oceanographic and Atmospheric Radiation
    • SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP
    • SFCFLUX : Surface Flux
    • MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation
    • TETHERSONDE-CM : Tethersonde With Chilled Mirror
    • TWRMR : Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio
    • OTTER : Twin Otter
    • UAV-ALTUS : UAV Altus
    • UAV-ALTUS-MET : UAV Altus Meteorology Package
    • UAV-PROTEUS : UAV Proteus
    • UAV-EGRETT : UAV-Egrett
    • UAV-GNAT : UAV-General Atomics GNAT
    • SFCMETUMIAMI : University of Miami Surface Meteorology
    • CITATION : University of North Dakota Citation Aircraft
    • UW-CONVAIR580 : University of Washington Convair 580 Aircraft
    • WRF-CHEM : Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Output
    • WPDNGPS : Wind Profiler Demonstration Network GPS

Value-Added Products

  • RLPROF : Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles (Process)
    • 10RLPROFTEMP1NEWS : Temperature Profiles from Raman Lidar at 10-min averaging interval
    • 60RLPROFTEMP1NEWS : Temperature Profiles from Raman Lidar at 60-min averaging interval
  • TWRMR : Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio (Process)
    • 1TWRMR : Sixty Meter Tower: mixing ratio at surface, 25-m, and 60-m, 1-min average
    • 30TWRMR : Sixty meter tower: mixing ratio at surface, 25-m, and 60-m, 30-min avg
  • SUOMIGPS : SuomiNet Global Positioning System (Process)
  • AERIPROF : AERI Profiles of Water Vapor and Temperature (Process)
    • AERI01PROF3FELTZ : Profiles of temperature and water vapor physically retrieved from the AERI spectra
    • AERIPROF : AERI: profiles of temperature and mixing ratio
    • AERIPROF3FELTZ : AERI: temperature and mixing ratio profiles, AERI & GOES spectra
    • GAERIPROF : QME: derived AERI, tower, sonde profiles of temp & water vapor
    • QMEAERIPROF :
  • ARMBE : ARM Best Estimate Data Products (Process)
    • ARMBEATM : ARMBE: Atmospheric measurements
  • GOESWATER : Water Profiles from GOES Satellite Data (Process)
    • G12PROF : GOES-12: water vapor and temperature profiles
    • G8PROF : GOES-8: water vapor and temperature profiles
  • LBTM-MINNIS : Minnis Cloud Products Using LBTM Algorithm (Process)
    • GOES12MINNIS : GOES-12: 0.5 degree cloud products
    • LBTM3MINNIS : Layered Bispectral Threshold Method (LBTM) cloud products derived from GMS-5
    • LBTM3MINNISDAR : Layered Bispectral Threshold Method (LBTM) cloud products derived from GMS-5,Darwin
    • LBTM3MINNISMAN : Layered Bispectral Threshold Method (LBTM) cloud products derived from GMS-5,Manus
    • LBTM3MINNISNAU : Layered Bispectral Threshold Method (LBTM) cloud products derived from GMS-5,Nauru
  • INTERPSONDE : Interpolated Sonde (Process)
  • LSSONDE : Microwave Radiometer-Scaled Sonde Profiles (Process)
    • LSSONDE : BBSS: derived, relative humidity scaled with MWR
  • MERGESONDE : Merged Sounding (Process)
    • MERGESONDE1MACE : Merged Sounding profiles derived with first Mace algorithm
    • MERGESONDE2MACE : Merged Sounding profiles derived with second Mace algorithm
  • RIPBE : Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (Process)
    • RIPBE1MCFARLANE : Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate profiles derived with first McFarlane algorithm
  • SONDEADJUST : Sonde Adjust (Process)
  • VISST : Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm (Process)

Datastreams

  • OKM : Oklahoma Mesonet Datastreams
    • 05OKM : Oklahoma Mesonet (OKM): 5-min averages, meteorological data from 111 stations
  • WPDN : Wind Profiler Demo Network Datastreams
    • 06FSLWPDNMET : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): 6-min meteorological data
    • 06FSLWPDNRASS : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): 6-min RASS data
    • 60FSLWPDNMET : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): meteorology data, 60-min
    • 60FSLWPDNRASS : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): RASS data, 60-min
    • 60WPDNSURF : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): surface meterology data, 60-min
  • TAO : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean from Buoys Datastreams
    • 10TAOMET165E0N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 0 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E2N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 2 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E2S : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 2 S, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E5N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 5 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E5S : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 5 S, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E8N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 8 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E8S : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 8 S, 10-min avg
  • SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation System Instruments for SGP Datastreams
    • 1440SMOS : Surface Met Observation Station (SMOS): daily minimum/maximum data, with times
    • 1SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation Station (SMOS): 1-minute averaged data
    • 30SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation Station (SMOS): 30-min averaged data
  • TWR : Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation Datastreams
    • 1440TWR21X : Sixty Meter Tower: daily minimum/maximum meterological data, with times
    • 1440TWR25M : Sixty Meter Tower: daily minimum/maximum met data, with times, at 25-m height
    • 1440TWR60M : Sixty Meter Tower: daily minimum/maximum met data, with times, at 60-m height
    • 1TWR10X : Sixty Meter Tower: temp, humidity & vapor pressure, 1-min avg
    • 1TWR21X : Sixty Meter Tower: temp, humidity & vapor pressure, 1-min avg
    • 1TWR25M : Sixty Meter Tower: 1-min average temp, humidity & vapor press. at 25-m height
    • 1TWR60M : Sixty Meter Tower: 1-min average temp, humidity & vapor press. at 60-m height
    • 30TWR10X : Sixty Meter Tower: temperature, humidity, & vapor pressure, 30-min avg
    • 30TWR21X : Sixty Meter Tower: temperature, humidity, & vapor pressure at 25-m, 30-min average
    • 30TWR25M : Sixty Meter Tower: temperature, humidity, & vapor pressure at 60-m, 30-min avg
    • 30TWR60M : Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation, e.g. Tower Temperature and Humidity
    • TWR :
  • CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems Datastreams
    • 30CO2FLX4MMET : Eddy Correlation CO2 Flux Data: 4 m samples, meteorological data, 30-min stats
  • KSUMESO : Kansas State University Mesonet Datastreams
    • 60KSUMESO : Kansas Mesonet (High Plains Climate Center): surface met. & radiation data, 60-min
  • NOAACRN : NOAA Climate Reference Network Datastreams
    • 60NOAACRN : NOAA Climate Reference Network data-precipitation and temperature
  • NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC Datastreams
    • 60NWSSURF : National Weather Service (NWS) surface meteorology data: 60-minute averages
  • MAPS : Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System Datastreams
    • ALLMAPS60 : Mesoscale Analy. and Prediction Sys., 60 km grid covering North Am. continent
    • MAPS60 : Mesoscale Analy. and Prediction Sys.: 60 km grid covering Southern Great Plains
  • RUC : Rapid Update Cycle Model Data Datastreams
    • ALLRUC20HYBR : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: hybrid analysis data, 20-km resolution
    • ALLRUC20ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: isobaric main analysis data, 20-km resolution
    • ALLRUC40HYBR : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: hybrid analyisis data, 40 km resolution
    • ALLRUC40ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: isobaric main analysis data, 40-km resolution
    • ALLRUC60 : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: output, 60 km resolution
    • FSLRUC60 : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: FSL output, 60 km resolution
    • RUC20HYBR : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: daily hybrid analysis data, 20 km resolution
    • RUC20ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: daily isobaric analysis data, 20 km resolution
    • RUC60 : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: output, 60 km grid covering Southern Great Plains
    • SYNRUC20ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: isobaric output, 20 km grid, averaged to 40 km
  • AOSMET : Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System Datastreams
    • AOSMET : AOS: aerosol-based meteorology data
  • METTWR : Surface and Tower Meteorological Instrumentation at NSA Datastreams
    • CMH : Chilled Mirror Dew Point Hygrometer
    • METTIPTWR : Ten Meter Tower: meteorological data, 2 & 6 m, 1-min avg
    • METTWR : Forty Meter Tower: meteorological data, 2, 10, 20, & 40 m, 1-min avg
  • ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses Datastreams
    • ECMWFSFCE : ECMWF: near-surface and surface variables (extra), entire coverage, 1-hr avg
    • ECMWFTEN : ECMWF: total and physical tendencies for met and cloud vars, entire coverage, 1-hr avg
    • ECMWFVAR : ECMWF: model met. and cloud variables at altitude, entire coverage, 1-hr avg
  • ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data Datastreams
    • ECMWFSURF : ECMWF: surface measurement, entire coverage
    • ECMWFUPA : ECMWF: upper air measurement, entire coverage
  • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System Datastreams
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile
    • ISSSONDE10S : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile, 10-s resolution
  • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System Datastreams
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile
    • ISSSONDE10S : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile, 10-s resolution
    • SONDE : Balloon-borne Sounding System (BBSS): meterological data profile
    • SONDEWNPN : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, &RH
    • SONDEWNPR : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala winds, research press., temp, &RH
    • SONDEWRPN : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): research winds, Vaisala press., temp, &RH
    • SONDEWRPR : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): research-mode winds, presssure, temp, &RH
  • MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Datastreams
    • MARINEMET : ARM-standard Meteorological Instrumentation, Marine
    • MET : ARM-standard Meteorological Instrumentation at Surface
  • MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams
    • MOLTSEDASSFCCLASS0 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., basic surface, params, stations
    • MOLTSEDASSFCCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., enhanced surface, params, stations
    • MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS0 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., basic soundings, params, stations
    • MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., enhances soundings, params, stations
  • MWRHF : Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency Datastreams
    • MWRHF : Microwave Radiometer: High Frequency (MWRHF)
  • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler Datastreams
    • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals
  • NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System Datastreams
    • NCEPGFSATKFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSATKPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSATKSFC : NCEP GFS: surface variables at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSATKSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSATKZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSBRWFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSBRWPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSBRWSFC : NCEP GFS: surface variables at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSBRWSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSBRWZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSDARFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSDARPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSDARSFC : NCEP GFS: surface variables at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSDARSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSDARZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables
    • NCEPGFSMANFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Manus
    • NCEPGFSMANPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Manus
    • NCEPGFSMANSFC : NCEP GFS: surface variables at Manus
    • NCEPGFSMANSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Manus
    • NCEPGFSMANZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Manus
    • NCEPGFSNAUFLX : NCEP GFS: surface variables at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSNAUPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSNAUSFC : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSNAUSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSNAUZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures
    • NCEPGFSSFC : NCEP GFS: surface variables
    • NCEPGFSSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers
    • NCEPGFSZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights
  • NWSUPA : National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements Datastreams
    • NWSUPA1S : NWS profiles with 1-second resolution
    • NWSUPA6S : NWS profiles with 6-second resolution
  • SMET : Surface Meteorological Instruments for TWP Datastreams
    • SMET60S : Surface Meteorology (SMET) station: 60-second meterological data
  • SURTHREF : Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference System for Sondes Datastreams
    • SURTHREF : Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference system for sondes
  • THWAPS : Temperature, Humidity, Wind and Pressure Sensors Datastreams
    • THWAPS : Temperature, humidity, winds and pressure system (THWAPS): meterological data
  • TPS : Total Precipitation Sensor Datastreams
    • TPS : Total Precipitation Sensor
  • USDARAD : US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Radiation Monitoring Data Datastreams