Measurement : Atmospheric moisture

The moisture content of the air as indicated by several measurements including relative humidity, specific humidity, dewpoint, vapor pressure, water vapor mixing ratio, and water vapor density; note that precipitable water is a separate type.

Categories
Atmospheric State

Instruments

The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes.

  • ARM Instruments
    • AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer
    • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System
    • CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems
    • ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System
    • TWR : Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System
    • AOSMET : Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System
    • MWRHF : Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency
    • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler
    • RL : Raman Lidar
    • SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP
    • MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation
    • SMET : Surface Meteorological Instruments for TWP
    • SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation System Instruments for SGP
    • SURTHREF : Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference System for Sondes
    • METTWR : Surface and Tower Meteorological Instrumentation at NSA
    • TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer
    • THWAPS : Temperature, Humidity, Wind and Pressure Sensors
    • TRACEGAS : Trace gas concentrations
  • External Instruments
    • ACARS : Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System
    • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System
    • ETA : Eta Model Runs
    • ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses
    • ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data
    • GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System
    • KSUMESO : Kansas State University Mesonet
    • MAPS : Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System
    • MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series
    • NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC
    • NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System
    • NWSUPA : National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements
    • OKM : Oklahoma Mesonet
    • RUC : Rapid Update Cycle Model Data
    • TAO : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean from Buoys
    • USDARAD : US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Radiation Monitoring Data
    • WPDN : Wind Profiler Demo Network
  • Field Campaign Instruments
    • 5MM-MWR : 5mm Scanning Radiometer
    • AERIPROF : AERI Profiles of Water Vapor and Temperature
    • AERIPLUS-UWISC : AERIPLUS-University of Wisconsin
    • CESSNA-404-ARA : Airborne Research Australia Cessna 404
    • ARA-DIMONA : Airborne Research Australia Dimona Aircraft Laser Altimeter and Fluxes
    • AIRCRAFTCABIN : Aircraft Cabin Parameters (e.g. attitude, motion, ambient state)
    • AATS : Ames Airborne Tracking Sunphotometer
    • DLH : Ames Diode Laser Hygrometer
    • AERI : Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer
    • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System
    • REPLICATOR : Balloon-borne Ice Crystal Replicator
    • CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems
    • CMH : Chilled Mirror Hygrometer
    • CM-SONDE : Chilled Mirror Sonde
    • QMEAERILBL : Comparison of Statistics or Clouds data from AERI vs. LBLRTM Model runs
    • VARANAL : Constrained Variational Analysis
    • CM-CRYO : Cryogenic Chilled Mirror Hygrometer
    • LIDAR-DIAL : Dial Lidar
    • ECOR : Eddy Correlation Flux Measurement System
    • EC-CONVAIR580-BULK : Environment Canada Convair 580 Bulk Parameters
    • ETA : Eta Model Runs
    • ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses
    • ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data
    • FTIR-RAOB : Fourier Transform Infrared Radiometer and Raobs
    • RL-GSFC : GSFC Raman Lidar
    • GOES : Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites
    • GLIDERSONDE : Glidersonde (Oklahoma University)
    • G-1 : Gulfstream
    • HOP : Helicopter Observation Platform
    • MIRAI : JAMSTEC Research Vessel Mirai
    • LASE : LASE-airborne Dial System
    • MFRSR-WV1MICH : MFRSR-WV-Michalsky1
    • MERGED-COMMON : Merged data- common timestamp
    • AOSMET : Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System
    • UAV-MET-OTTER : Meteorology from UAV-Twin Otter
    • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler
    • MMWR : Millimeter Wave Radiometer
    • DC8-NASA : NASA DC-8
    • SONDE-CLASS : NCAR CLASS Sounding System
    • GPS-NCAR : NCAR GPS
    • NOAA-P3 : NOAA P-3 Aircraft
    • RONBROWN : NOAA Research Vessel Ron Brown
    • NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC
    • KITE-NOAA : NOAA Tethered Kite
    • SYNOPTIC-MAPS : National Climatic Data Center Synoptic Maps
    • NRC-CONVAIR580 : National Research Council - Canada CONVAIR 580
    • ISLAND-GUEST-INSTRUMENTS : Nauru Island guest instruments
    • O3SONDE : Ozone Sonde, from Fall 1995 IOP
    • PARSL : PNNL's Atmospheric Remote Sensing Laboratory
    • PSYCRHOMETER : Pyschrometer
    • RADFLUXANAL : Radiative Flux Analysis
    • RLPROF : Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles
    • RL : Raman Lidar
    • SOAR : Shipboard Oceanographic and Atmospheric Radiation
    • SOIL : Soil Measurement from the SGP
    • SFCFLUX : Surface Flux
    • MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation
    • TDMA : Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzer
    • TETHERSONDE-CM : Tethersonde With Chilled Mirror
    • TWRMR : Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio
    • TRACEGAS : Trace gas concentrations
    • TDLAS : Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS)
    • OTTER : Twin Otter
    • UAV-ALTUS : UAV Altus
    • UAV-ALTUS-MET : UAV Altus Meteorology Package
    • UAV-PROTEUS : UAV Proteus
    • UAV-EGRETT : UAV-Egrett
    • UAV-GNAT : UAV-General Atomics GNAT
    • SFCMETUMIAMI : University of Miami Surface Meteorology
    • CITATION : University of North Dakota Citation Aircraft
    • UW-CONVAIR580 : University of Washington Convair 580 Aircraft
    • GPSWV : Water Vapor from Global Positioning System line-of-sight
    • WRF-CHEM : Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model Output
    • WPDNGPS : Wind Profiler Demonstration Network GPS

Value-Added Products

  • RLPROF : Raman LIDAR Vertical Profiles (Process)
    • 10RLPROFBE1NEWS : Raman LIDAR (RL): Best-estimate state of the atmospheric profiles from Raman Lidar
    • 10RLPROFMR1TURN : Raman LIDAR (RL): water vapor mixing ratio and relative humidity profiles, along with PWV
    • 10SRLPROFMR1TURN : Raman LIDAR (RL): 10-sec water vapor mixing ratio andrelative humidity profiles , along with PWV
  • TWRMR : Tower Water-Vapor Mixing Ratio (Process)
    • 1TWRMR : Sixty Meter Tower: mixing ratio at surface, 25-m, and 60-m, 1-min average
    • 30TWRMR : Sixty meter tower: mixing ratio at surface, 25-m, and 60-m, 30-min avg
  • SUOMIGPS : SuomiNet Global Positioning System (Process)
  • AERIPROF : AERI Profiles of Water Vapor and Temperature (Process)
    • AERI01PROF3FELTZ : Profiles of temperature and water vapor physically retrieved from the AERI spectra
    • AERIPROF : AERI: profiles of temperature and mixing ratio
    • AERIPROF3FELTZ : AERI: temperature and mixing ratio profiles, AERI & GOES spectra
    • GAERIPROF : QME: derived AERI, tower, sonde profiles of temp & water vapor
    • QMEAERIPROF :
  • QMEAERILBL : Comparison of Statistics or Clouds data from AERI vs. LBLRTM Model runs (Process)
  • ARMBE : ARM Best Estimate Data Products (Process)
    • ARMBEATM : ARMBE: Atmospheric measurements
  • GOESWATER : Water Profiles from GOES Satellite Data (Process)
    • G12PROF : GOES-12: water vapor and temperature profiles
    • G8PROF : GOES-8: water vapor and temperature profiles
  • GOES-UTH : Upper Tropospheric Relative Humidity from GOES Satellite Data (Process)
    • GOES12UTH : GOES-12: upper tropospheric humidity
    • GOES12UTHGRID : GOES-12: upper tropospheric humidity (0.5 degree grid)
    • GOES8UTH : GOES-8: upper tropospheric humidity
    • GOES8UTHGRID : GOES-8: upper tropospheric humidity (0.5 degree grid)
    • GOES9UTH : Upper Tropospheric Relative Humidity (GOES-9)
    • GOES9UTHGRID : (GOES-9) Upper Tropospheric Relative Humidity Gridded
  • INTERPSONDE : Interpolated Sonde (Process)
  • LSSONDE : Microwave Radiometer-Scaled Sonde Profiles (Process)
    • LSSONDE : BBSS: derived, relative humidity scaled with MWR
  • MERGESONDE : Merged Sounding (Process)
    • MERGESONDE1MACE : Merged Sounding profiles derived with first Mace algorithm
    • MERGESONDE2MACE : Merged Sounding profiles derived with second Mace algorithm
  • RIPBE : Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate (Process)
    • RIPBE1MCFARLANE : Radiatively Important Parameters Best Estimate profiles derived with first McFarlane algorithm
  • SONDEADJUST : Sonde Adjust (Process)

Datastreams

  • OKM : Oklahoma Mesonet Datastreams
    • 05OKM : Oklahoma Mesonet (OKM): 5-min averages, meteorological data from 111 stations
  • WPDN : Wind Profiler Demo Network Datastreams
    • 06FSLWPDNMET : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): 6-min meteorological data
    • 06FSLWPDNRASS : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): 6-min RASS data
    • 60FSLWPDNMET : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): meteorology data, 60-min
    • 60FSLWPDNRASS : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): RASS data, 60-min
    • 60WPDNSURF : Wind Profiler Demo Network (WPDN): surface meterology data, 60-min
  • TAO : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean from Buoys Datastreams
    • 10TAOMET165E0N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 0 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E2N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 2 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E2S : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 2 S, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E5N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 5 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E5S : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 5 S, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E8N : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 8 N, 10-min avg
    • 10TAOMET165E8S : Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Buoys: meteorological data at 165 E, 8 S, 10-min avg
  • SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation System Instruments for SGP Datastreams
    • 1440SMOS : Surface Met Observation Station (SMOS): daily minimum/maximum data, with times
    • 1SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation Station (SMOS): 1-minute averaged data
    • 30SMOS : Surface Meteorological Observation Station (SMOS): 30-min averaged data
  • TWR : Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation Datastreams
    • 1440TWR21X : Sixty Meter Tower: daily minimum/maximum meterological data, with times
    • 1440TWR25M : Sixty Meter Tower: daily minimum/maximum met data, with times, at 25-m height
    • 1440TWR60M : Sixty Meter Tower: daily minimum/maximum met data, with times, at 60-m height
    • 1TWR10X : Sixty Meter Tower: temp, humidity & vapor pressure, 1-min avg
    • 1TWR21X : Sixty Meter Tower: temp, humidity & vapor pressure, 1-min avg
    • 1TWR25M : Sixty Meter Tower: 1-min average temp, humidity & vapor press. at 25-m height
    • 1TWR60M : Sixty Meter Tower: 1-min average temp, humidity & vapor press. at 60-m height
    • 30TWR10X : Sixty Meter Tower: temperature, humidity, & vapor pressure, 30-min avg
    • 30TWR21X : Sixty Meter Tower: temperature, humidity, & vapor pressure at 25-m, 30-min average
    • 30TWR25M : Sixty Meter Tower: temperature, humidity, & vapor pressure at 60-m, 30-min avg
    • 30TWR60M : Facility-specific multi-level Meteorological Instrumentation, e.g. Tower Temperature and Humidity
    • TWR :
  • CO2FLX : Carbon Dioxide Flux Measurement Systems Datastreams
    • 30CO2FLX25M : Eddy Correlation CO2 Flux Data: 25 m samples, 30-min stats
    • 30CO2FLX4M : Eddy Correlation CO2 Flux Data: 4 m samples, 30-min stats
    • 30CO2FLX4MMET : Eddy Correlation CO2 Flux Data: 4 m samples, meteorological data, 30-min stats
    • 30CO2FLX60M : Eddy Correlation CO2 Flux Data: 60 m samples, 30-min avg
  • KSUMESO : Kansas State University Mesonet Datastreams
    • 60KSUMESO : Kansas Mesonet (High Plains Climate Center): surface met. & radiation data, 60-min
  • NOAASURF : NOAA Surface Meteorology Data, collected by NWS and NCDC Datastreams
    • 60NWSSURF : National Weather Service (NWS) surface meteorology data: 60-minute averages
  • ACARS : Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System Datastreams
    • ACARS : ARINC ACARS: wind and temperature data from commercial aircraft (ARINC Communications, Addressing, and Reporting System)
  • MAPS : Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System Datastreams
    • ALLMAPS60 : Mesoscale Analy. and Prediction Sys., 60 km grid covering North Am. continent
    • MAPS60 : Mesoscale Analy. and Prediction Sys.: 60 km grid covering Southern Great Plains
  • RUC : Rapid Update Cycle Model Data Datastreams
    • ALLRUC20HYBR : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: hybrid analysis data, 20-km resolution
    • ALLRUC20ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: isobaric main analysis data, 20-km resolution
    • ALLRUC40HYBR : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: hybrid analyisis data, 40 km resolution
    • ALLRUC40ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: isobaric main analysis data, 40-km resolution
    • ALLRUC60 : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: output, 60 km resolution
    • RUC20HYBR : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: daily hybrid analysis data, 20 km resolution
    • RUC20ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: daily isobaric analysis data, 20 km resolution
    • RUC60 : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: output, 60 km grid covering Southern Great Plains
    • SYNRUC20ISOB : Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) model: isobaric output, 20 km grid, averaged to 40 km
  • AOSMET : Meteorological Measurements associated with the Aerosol Observing System Datastreams
    • AOSMET : AOS: aerosol-based meteorology data
  • METTWR : Surface and Tower Meteorological Instrumentation at NSA Datastreams
    • CMH : Chilled Mirror Dew Point Hygrometer
    • METTIPTWR : Ten Meter Tower: meteorological data, 2 & 6 m, 1-min avg
    • METTWR : Forty Meter Tower: meteorological data, 2, 10, 20, & 40 m, 1-min avg
  • ECMWFDIAG : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Diagnostic Analyses Datastreams
    • ECMWFSFCE : ECMWF: near-surface and surface variables (extra), entire coverage, 1-hr avg
    • ECMWFTEN : ECMWF: total and physical tendencies for met and cloud vars, entire coverage, 1-hr avg
    • ECMWFVAR : ECMWF: model met. and cloud variables at altitude, entire coverage, 1-hr avg
  • ECMWF : European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasts Model Data Datastreams
    • ECMWFSURF : ECMWF: surface measurement, entire coverage
    • ECMWFUPA : ECMWF: upper air measurement, entire coverage
  • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System Datastreams
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile
    • ISSSONDE10S : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile, 10-s resolution
  • SONDE : Balloon-Borne Sounding System Datastreams
    • ISSSONDE : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile
    • ISSSONDE10S : Integrated Sounding System (ISS): meteorological data vertical profile, 10-s resolution
    • SONDE : Balloon-borne Sounding System (BBSS): meterological data profile
    • SONDEWNPN : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala-processed winds, press., temp, &RH
    • SONDEWNPR : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): Vaisala winds, research press., temp, &RH
    • SONDEWRPN : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): research winds, Vaisala press., temp, &RH
    • SONDEWRPR : Balloon-borne sounding system (BBSS): research-mode winds, presssure, temp, &RH
  • MET : Surface Meteorological Instrumentation Datastreams
    • MARINEMET : ARM-standard Meteorological Instrumentation, Marine
    • MET : ARM-standard Meteorological Instrumentation at Surface
  • MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams
    • MOLTSEDASSFCCLASS0 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., basic surface, params, stations
    • MOLTSEDASSFCCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., enhanced surface, params, stations
    • MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS0 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., basic soundings, params, stations
    • MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS meteor. analy., enhances soundings, params, stations
  • MWRHF : Microwave Radiometer - High Frequency Datastreams
    • MWRHF : Microwave Radiometer: High Frequency (MWRHF)
  • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer Profiler Datastreams
    • MWRP : Microwave Radiometer data (MWR Profiles - QME), water vapor, temp, cloud liquid water, precip water retrievals
  • NCEPGFS : National Centers for Environment Prediction Global Forecast System Datastreams
    • NCEPGFSATKFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSATKPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSATKSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSATKZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Atqasuk
    • NCEPGFSBRWFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSBRWPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSBRWSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSBRWZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Barrow
    • NCEPGFSDARFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSDARPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSDARSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSDARZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Darwin
    • NCEPGFSFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables
    • NCEPGFSMANFLX : NCEP GFS: flux variables at Manus
    • NCEPGFSMANPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Manus
    • NCEPGFSMANSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Manus
    • NCEPGFSMANZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Manus
    • NCEPGFSNAUFLX : NCEP GFS: surface variables at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSNAUPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures, at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSNAUSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers, at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSNAUZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights, at Nauru
    • NCEPGFSPPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard pressures
    • NCEPGFSSPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at sigma layers
    • NCEPGFSZPROF : NCEP GFS: vertical profiles of met quantities at standard heights
  • NWSUPA : National Weather Service Upper Air Measurements Datastreams
    • NWSUPA1S : NWS profiles with 1-second resolution
    • NWSUPA6S : NWS profiles with 6-second resolution
  • SMET : Surface Meteorological Instruments for TWP Datastreams
    • SMET60S : Surface Meteorology (SMET) station: 60-second meterological data
  • SURTHREF : Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference System for Sondes Datastreams
    • SURTHREF : Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference system for sondes
  • THWAPS : Temperature, Humidity, Wind and Pressure Sensors Datastreams
    • THWAPS : Temperature, humidity, winds and pressure system (THWAPS): meterological data
  • USDARAD : US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Radiation Monitoring Data Datastreams